Symbio's Food 
Effects Index

 





Welcome to this site.

The purpose of this index is to assist individuals who are interested in learning about the physiological and psychological effects of consumables on the human condition.

As I discovered while developing this database, all edible substances have profound and measurable influences on the human body. These effects will certainly vary depending on individual characteristics such as age, sex, and genetics. Generally speaking, however, this index should be helpful to those of you who are seeking to maintain a healthy lifestyle and may be seeking alternative options to what ails you.

I claim no medical training or expertise; nor do I have a background in nutrition. I do, however, have an interest in these subjects, and that is why this database has been constructed.

I assume no responsibility for how you may wish to use this information. It is available so that you can become more informed, and perhaps be able to make more educated decisions about your health or the health of others. It is purposefully condensed to help facilitate your search.

PLEASE be careful how you use the information contained here. Consuming more of a substance certainly does not necessarily magnify the results of eating just a little. In fact, the opposite can be true, and the results can be disastrous. Though I believe the sources are valid and reputable for this information, my recommendation is to treat everything here as if it hasn't been tested. This will afford you a measure of protection, and if you decide to make use of this data to relieve what ails you, remember to do so in moderation. Always remember that other drugs and consumables you take will certainly influence the effect of these substances.

So, basically, what I'm suggesting is: Exercise caution and test in small doses.

Also, I would recommend that you seek out other sources on the Internet or elsewhere to validate what is here, especially in the event you are seeking out life and death solutions to problems.

It’s worth mentioning that herbs kill fewer than 100 Americans per year, the majority not following the recommended dosages; pharmaceuticals, on the other hand, kill at least 100,000 patients who take these drugs as prescribed.  Something to keep in mind.

This information for this index has been collected from various sources and is certainly not inclusive. In fact, there are many foods that have yet to be researched and listed here.

This index will be updated continuously as new information is received, so check back periodically for the latest scoop.

Edibles are arranged alphabetically. You may wish to use the FIND option on your browser's task bar to locate specific foods or symptoms. For example, if you are interested in knowing which foods have been used as treatments for insomnia, type insomnia in the FIND option box, press RETURN, and you will be transported to all references for insomnia. Pressing FIND NEXT will whisk you to the rest, etc. I believe the results will surprise you.

Bon appétit.



 

Click on any letter below to teleport you to herbs

 

 

 

 


A

 

ABALONE

 

Antioxidant. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack.

 

 

 

ABSINTHE

SEE: WORMWOOD

 

ACACIA

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Antimicrobial. Anti-inflammatory. Source for gum arabic. Lozenges treat sore throats and bronchial congestion. Soothes mucous membranes. Powdered gum helps inhibit bleeding of external bites and wounds. Pod extracts can lower blood sugar levels. Extracts from some African acacia species (e.g. scented thorn) have been used in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis and malaria. Extracts from other species (e.g. prickly acacia) have contraceptive properties. Bark extracts from other acacia species may also be helpful in the treatment of trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). The umbrella thorn acacia is neuroprotective, and has been used to treat convulsions. Used by nursing mothers for sore nipples. Mild laxative. Protects the liver and kidneys against chemical assault. Acacia gum has been used to improve symptoms in the management of end-stage renal failure. Extracts are protective against DNA damage, and have been shown to have anti-cancer properties. Tumor inhibitor and anti-ulcer. Bark extracts may be helpful in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis and bacterial vaginosis. Chewing sugarless gum after a meal can reduce acid reflux. Gum is used as a vehicle for other medications. Also used in postage stamp adhesives, as a foam stabilizer in beers, in protein drinks as a thickening agent, and as a flavor protector in soft drinks.

 

ACEROLA

Central American herb. Rich in antioxidants. The tropical fruit is one of the richest known natural sources of Vitamin C (~4 grams per cup of fruit juice). Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Good source of beta-carotene which can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration.  Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Fruits are also rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage.

 

 

ACIDOPHILUS

Provides "beneficial" intestinal bacteria. Natural sources include fresh yogurt and sauerkraut. Capsules can be used for treating diarrhea. Reduces cholesterol. Immune system booster. Infection fighter. Inhibits vaginal yeast infections and the herpes virus. Helps treat cystitis, eczema, and acne.

 

 

ACONITUM

Aconite. Anti-inflammatory. Antioxidant. Herb fights infections, colds, and flu viruses. Root extracts have shown promise in lowering blood sugar levels in diabetics. Analgesic. Root tincture is used as a treatment for hypothermia and neuralgia. Used externally to relieve excruciating pain in those with rheumatoid arthritis and gout. Sedative. Not for internal use.  Extreme care should be taken when using this fast-acting toxic herb.

 

 

ACORN

SEE: OAK

 

 

ADAM’S NEEDLE

Used in the treatment of liver and gallbladder problems.  Side effects include stomachache.



ADDER'S TONGUE

Bulbs are used as an emetic to induce vomiting. Used in the treatment of gout. A poultice made from hot tea can be used to relieve intense pain from sciatica and neuralgia. Tea helps break down chest congestion in those with asthma and bronchitis. Ointment treats wounds, sores, skin ulcers, bruises, insect bites and stings, cuts, and burns. Good healing balm. The leaves and bulbs contain alkaloids that are extremely poisonous and should not be ingested except under strict medical supervision. Extreme care should be taken when using this highly toxic herb.

 

AGAR-AGAR

SEE: SEAWEED



AGAVE

Source plant for tequila. Antispasmodic. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Leaf tinctures treat gastrointestinal problems including stomach problems, indigestion and chronic constipation. Floral extracts are aflatoxin inhibitors. Juice can be used topically to treat infections and wounds, and internally to soothe the stomach and intestines. Treatment for kidney ailments and rheumatism.

 

 

AGRIMONY

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral.  Extracts shown to inhibit the hepatitis B virus. General-purpose herb used for all digestive disorders. Strengthens the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, and kidneys. Cancer cell inhibitor. Helps dissolve kidney and bladder stones. Promotes a steady heartbeat. Gargle for sore mouths and throats. Extracts are helpful for diabetics. Extracts can also protect the liver against chemical attack. Extracts may also be helpful as skin-whitening agents. Treats emotional trauma and anxiety. Leaf tea is used as an eyewash and to treat minor skin problems such as hives.



ALFALFA

Antioxidant. Very nutritious. Lowers blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Helpful for diabetics. Good source of Vitamins A, D, and K. Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Vitamin D is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Vitamin K is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Reduces fevers. Blood purifier. Heart strengthener. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Contains natural fluoride that helps in the prevention of tooth decay. Rich in calcium, iron, and magnesium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis.  Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Magnesium is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Seeds and leaf extracts contain compounds that have exhibited anti-cancer properties. Seed extracts have also been used to treat anxiety. Used to encourage blood clotting. Treats jaundice, hay fever and asthma. Juice can be used externally on wounds, sores, and infections. Alfalfa extracts can be used topically as a safer remedy for hair reduction. Tea has been used in the treatment of arthritis. Leaves are used to make pablum, a cereal for infants.



ALGAE

SEE: SEAWEED



ALLSPICE

Rich in antioxidants. Antifungal. Analgesic. Ulcer inhibitor. In powdered form, provides relief from mouth pain and toothaches. Breath sweetener.



ALMOND

Rich in protein. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antispasmodic. Shown to lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and significantly raise beneficial HDL levels. Lowers blood sugar levels. Almonds are one of the richest sources of Vitamin E which helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Rich in potassium which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke.  Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Relaxes muscles. Almonds are an excellent source of fiber, which helps increase elimination. Good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Almond butter is also a good protein source. Almond oil is a super emollient for chapped hands, diaper rash, herpes sores, shingles, psoriasis, and lupus. Helps lighten dark skin. Almond milk is used to soothe throat and lung problems. Oil can protect the liver against chemical attack. Possible tumor suppressor. Almonds are rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric acid helps dilate blood vessels and improves blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Almonds can reduce serum uric acid levels in those with coronary artery disease. Seed extracts have significant hypnotic and sedative effects, which may be helpful for insomnia sufferers. Shell extracts can treat bacterial and fungal infections of the skin. Nuts, in general, are high in fat, but most of it is unsaturated and has not been shown to be a major contributor to obesity if eaten in moderation. Nuts can provoke severe and even life-threatening reactions in allergically sensitive individuals.

 

 

ALOE VERA

Antioxidant. Analgesic. Anti-inflammatory. Antifungal. Antibacterial. Antiviral. In cream form, good for radiation and sunburns. Use at 100% strength for sunburn. Immune system builder. Accelerates wound healing. Treats warts, bedsores, eczema, psoriasis, dermatitis, peritonitis, duodenal and intestinal ulcers, oral fibrosis, tumors, foot ulcers, herpes simplex and hepatitis B virus, insect bites and stings, plant punctures and inflammations, scabies, cold sores, lockjaw, frostbite, and periodontal surgery. Protects against skin lesions caused by mustard gas agents. Aloe gel mixed with basil oil is a good acne remedy. Colon cleaner. Laxative. Treats chronic constipation. Provides for regular bowel movements. Leaf extracts have been shown to inhibit tumors, lower blood sugar levels in diabetics, treat multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, and have shown promise in the treatment of insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis. Lowers total and LDL cholesterol and triglycerides. Protects the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Treats acetaminophen-induced hepatitis. Skin complexion beautifier. May be helpful in reducing UV-induced sunlight damage. Extracts can be used in eye drops to reduce inflammation. Treatment for amenorrhea. Aloe vera gel (for internal use) may reduce symptoms of hot flashes in post-menopausal women. When taken internally, not recommended for menstruating or pregnant women, for use as a general laxative, or for long-term use. Externally, aloe vera is not recommended for the treatment of hemorrhoids. 

 


AMALAKI

SEE: GOOSEBERRY

 

 

AMARANTH

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Seeds are a good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserves teeth and bones and prevents osteoporosis. Good source of Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. High in folic acid (Vitamin B9) which is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Rich in beta-carotene which can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration.  Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Lowers blood sugar in diabetics. Shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Cardioprotective. Amaranth extracts have shown an ability to protect the liver and organs against chemical and radiation damage. Used as an astringent for treatment of excessive menstruation, diarrhea, bloody stools, and bloody urine. Tumor and ulcer inhibitor. Amaranthin, a protein found in the seed, has been used to identify and diagnose those who may have precancerous colon tissue. Spiny amaranth has shown potential in the treatment of malaria. Extracts of the slender amaranth have been used to treat parasitical worm infections. Good wash for skin problems such as acne and hives. Douche for vaginal discharges. Gargle for sore mouths, gums, teeth, and throat. Excellent enema for the colon. 

 

AMARGO

SEE: QUASSIA

 

AMBROSIA

Extracts have been used to treat epileptic symptoms and reduce seizures and convulsions.

 

 

AMERICAN CENTAURY

Tea used to reduce the appearance of freckles and age spots. Leaf extracts have shown the ability to protect the liver against chemical attack.



AMERICAN GINSENG

SEE: GINSENG



AMERICAN HELLEBORE

SEE: HELLEBORE



AMERICAN MANDRAKE

SEE: MANDRAKE



AMERICAN MISTLETOE

SEE: MISTLETOE



ANCHOVY

Anchovies are high in protein. High in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids that help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Rich source of Vitamin D which is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Anti-inflammatory. May protect the heart against sudden attack. Fish oil may help maintain insulin levels in diabetics and improve breathing in asthma sufferers. Also treats acute respiratory distress syndrome, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, and dysmennorrhea. Anchovies are high in fat and cholesterol. Anchovies are also very high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, but not recommended if you have gout.

 

 

ANEMONE

Antioxidant. One of the most effective treatments for amoebic dysentery. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Digestive aid. Stimulates gallbladder function. Relaxes stomach muscles. Lowers blood pressure. Tea has been used to treat AIDS and leprosy skin lesions and sores.



ANGELICA

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antispasmodic. Analgesic. Heart strengthener. Lowers blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels. Immune system booster. Tumor, cancer cell, and ulcer inhibitor. Blood tonifier. Excellent for heart and lung diseases. Treats an irregular heartbeat. Protects the liver against alcoholic poisoning and acetaminophen overdosages. Also protects the kidneys against chemical attack. Treats alcohol-induced gastric lesions. Regular use discourages a taste for alcohol. Helps kick nicotine addiction. Good for stomach problems, gas, neuralgia, arthritis, colic, and heartburn. Change of life regulator. Extracts are neuroprotective. Angelica has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Super herb for female troubles. Strengthens female reproductive system and regulates hormone levels. Used as a substitute for estrogen. Improves blood flow to the uterus. Recommended for women who have stopped using birth control pills to help re-establish regular menstrual cycling. Treats anemia, depression, dysmenorrhea, weak glands, hot flashes, irregular menstruation, nephrotic syndrome, and PMS. Used in combination with other herbs (e.g. Chinese peony) to treat the negative effects of menopause. Reduces swelling of the lymph nodes and psoriasis that accompanies arthritis. Treats ulcerative colitis. Extracts have shown effectiveness against toxin-induced sepsis. Also helpful for the obese. Some angelica species (e.g. ashitaba) may be helpful in the treatment of learning and memory deficits caused by Alzheimer’s disease. Used topically to treat pruritis and atopic dermatitis. Extracts may be helpful in the treatment of hair loss. Side effects include sunlight sensitivity. May cause breast enlargement. Angelica promotes blood flow, and therefore should not be used with other anticoagulants. Not recommended for pregnant women or for those individuals who are taking warfarin.



ANISE

Antioxidant. Antimicrobial. Antifungal. Tea is used to reduce oily skin and for flatulence. Remedy for infant colic. Freshly crushed boiled leaves and flowers can be inhaled to relieve nose and head congestion. Loosens bronchial secretions. Seeds can help lower blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Seeds are also an effective expectorant. Protects the kidneys against lead toxicity. Extracts have been shown to promote iron absorption. Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Anise oil is neuroprotective and may be helpful in the treatment of seizures and other neurological disorders. Improves memory. Calms nagging coughs. Helps to produce breast milk for mothers. Natural antacid for heartburn and indigestion. Anise may be helpful in reducing the frequency and severity of hot flashes in postmenopausal women. Crushed leaves with aloe jelly can be used as a dressing for burns. Breath sweetener. Used as a deodorant to mask body odors.



ANNATTO

Treats heartburn and inhibits gas due to the consumption of spicy foods. Digestive aid. Extracts are neuroprotective. Extracts and seeds are also used in natural food colorings.



APPLE

Among the highest of fruits in antioxidants. Lowers cholesterol and blood pressure. Good source of Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Daily apple consumption has been associated with a reduced risk for developing some cancers (e.g. colorectal). Natural laxative. Apples and apple sauce are high in fiber which helps increase elimination. Apples also contain pectin that encourages the growth of beneficial bacteria in the large intestine, and also helps lower cholesterol and bind up toxins (e.g. lead) in the body for removal. Pectin can also reduce the solubility of ingested mercury from seafood by about 50%. Pectin has been shown to reduce coronary heart disease by protecting myocardial cells against ischemic injury. Treatment for Montezuma's revenge traveler's diarrhea. One grated apple with three grated carrots is a good remedy for diarrhea. Treats diverticulitis, spastic colon, and constipation. Apple extracts have been used to treat gastric injuries induced by aspirin. Apple peels are high in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Apple peels are also high in ursolic acid, a liver protective compound that has shown promise as a tumor inhibitor. Ursolic acid has also shown an ability to enhance bone formation, and may be helpful in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. The addition of apple extracts to pan-fried meats has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. The tannins in apples may be helpful in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Apple compounds are neuroprotective and have shown hair growth potential. Treats chronic lung problems such as asthma and lung cancer by reducing coughing and phlegm buildup. Also reduces lung injury due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in smokers. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. colorectal, prostate). Protects cellular DNA and the liver against chemical attack. Helps reduce the appearance of varicose veins. May help you keep your teeth longer. Cavity reducer. Applesauce or juice helps protect against stomach flu and polioviruses. Apple cider vinegar has been shown to lower triglycerides, lower harmful LDL cholesterol, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Apple cider vinegar also treats gallstones, heals burns, relieves pain and itchiness, helps remove dandruff, eliminates body odors, and helps cure athlete's foot. Apple cider vinegar mixed with hot water can be used to remove plantar warts. Apple tree bark tea is used both internally and in poultices to treat liver, spleen, kidney, and gallbladder problems, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, dysentery, fevers, boils, insect bites and stings, toothaches, and rabies. Exercise care as seeds consumed in large quantities can be toxic. 

 

 

APRICOT

Rich in beta-carotene and Vitamin A. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration.  Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Contains lycopene, a potent antioxidant, which has been found to be protective against heart disease, cataracts, diabetes, and numerous cancers including skin, colorectal, gastric, lung, breast, pancreatic, ovarian, cervical, prostate, liver, and bladder. Lycopene can also protect the liver and kidneys against radiation damage and chemical attack. Lycopene is also an ulcer and tumor inhibitor, and is protective against gastroesophageal reflex disease. Higher serum lycopene levels can also reduce the risk of mortality from metabolic syndrome. Helps reduce the appearance of varicose veins. High in potassium which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Protective against radiation damage. Apricots contain pectin that encourages the growth of beneficial bacteria in the large intestine, and also helps lower cholesterol and bind up toxins (e.g. lead) in the body for removal. Dried apricots are also extremely rich in fiber, which helps increase elimination, and are an outstanding laxative. Seed extracts may be helpful in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Red apricots contain anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Some varieties (e.g. Manchurian) have shown an ability to inhibit the growth of leukemia cells. Japanese apricot (Ume) fruit extracts are also cancer cell and tumor inhibitors. Juice used for younger and smoother skin. Oil eliminates urge to overeat.  The seeds are toxic and should not be consumed.

 

 

ARJUNA

Indian herb is used as a heart tonic. Antibacterial. Antioxidant.  Liver and kidney detoxifier. Cardioprotective. Bark extracts have been used to treat high cholesterol, hypertension, endocarditis, pericarditis, edema, angina, cardiomyopathy, ischemia, tachycardia, heart arrhythmias, heart attacks, and congestive heart failure. Lowers blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Improves heart muscle function and pumping activity. Protective against DNA damage. Ulcer inhibitor. Treats symptoms including fatigue and shortness of breath. Bark and fruit extracts have been shown to be protective against lead and cadmium exposure. Protects the heart and liver against chemical attack. Bark extracts have also been used topically to treat and heal wounds.



ARNICA

Anti-inflammatory. Antifungal. Tea used in the treatment of extreme internal pain such as from angina. Used as a gargle to treat a sore throat and laryngitis. Floral extracts have been shown to fight tooth decay. Used topically to speed the healing of postoperative swellings, muscle strains, sprains, closed wounds, bruises, and diabetic leg ulcers. Also effective for arthritis, rheumatism, and carpal tunnel syndrome.  When taken internally, arnica should always be used in diluted form.  Heavy internal use can result in dizziness, diarrhea, heart problems, and death.  Some individuals may also react allergically to topical preparations of this herb. 



ARROWROOT

Treats gastrointestinal distress due to nervous anxiety. Remedy for bowel complaints and urinary problems. Good source of digestible calcium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Contains daidzein, an isoflavone which has been shown to inhibit breast cancer cells and is neuroprotective. Used as a poultice to treat skin infections and sunburn.

 

 

ARTICHOKE

Potent antioxidant. The total antioxidant capacity of artichoke flower heads is one of the highest reported for any vegetable. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Great liver and gallbladder detoxifier. Blood purifier. The globe artichoke contains cynarin, which promotes liver regeneration. Helps repair damaged pancreatic tissue. Lowers blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. The roots of the Jerusalem artichoke contain insulin-like compounds that are helpful to diabetics. The Jerusalem artichoke also treats non-alcoholic liver disease. Stimulates bile secretion. One of the best sources of folic acid (Vitamin B9) which is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Good source of Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). High in fiber, which helps increase elimination. Extracts have been used to treat irritable bowel syndrome. Anti-tumor. Extracts have also been used to protect the liver and kidneys against chemical poisonings. Digestive stimulant. Anti-ulcer. Treats gastritis. Reduces indigestion. Juice has been used to treat stress. Increases mental function.

 

 

ARUGULA

Also called salad rocket. Leafy greens are among the best sources for calcium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Cancer cell inhibitor. Contains quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Anti-ulcer. Seed extracts lower blood sugar levels in diabetics.

 

ARUM

Powdered root treats hoarseness and a sore throat. Ointment used topically on the skin or scalp to treat ringworm, herpes lesions, and bedsores.



ASAFOETIDA

Ferula. Resin produced by the giant fennel. Antioxidant. Antifungal. Lowers blood sugar and cholesterol. Tinctures treat severe stomach pain and intestinal problems. Effective insect and snake repellent due to offensive odor. Tea treats tension headaches. Possible use as a contraceptive. Extracts have shown the ability to inhibit fertilized egg implantation. Gum extracts have been used to lower blood pressure. Cancer inhibitor. May offer protection against age-related memory declines.



ASARABACCA

Substitute for ipecac. Used as an emetic to induce vomiting. Promotes nasal secretions. Used in snuffs as an expectorant to relieve headaches, drowsiness, and other conditions caused by congestion.



ASH

White ash bark tea treats breast inflammation, spleen problems, dermatitis, gout, and arthritis. Expels intestinal parasites. Treats hypertension. Leaf extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack.

SEE ALSO: PRICKLY ASH



ASHWAGANDHA

Indian ginseng. Antimicrobial. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Antioxidant. Anti-aging. Antispasmodic. Analgesic. Aphrodisiac. Tonic for the blood. Diuretic. Heart protector. Treatment for chronic heart disorders such as congestive heart failure. Provides support for the male reproductive system. May increase sperm count. Improves sexual performance in men and women. Sedative. Stress reliever. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Treats lymphoma. Stimulates the spleen and white blood cell production in those recovering from chemotherapy. Extracts have been shown to protect the liver and kidneys against toxic metal poisoning. Treats cerebrovascular insufficiency, hypertension, hypothyroidism, arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, leucoderma, marasmus, osteoarthritis, malnourishment, stroke, fevers, candida, cachexia, nausea, rheumatism, insomnia, anxiety, chronic fatigue, general weakness, depressed immunity, infertility, hormonal imbalances, and Parkinson's disease. Extracts have been shown to inhibit the development of parasites that cause leishmaniasis. Root extracts have been used in the treatment of saw-scaled viper envenomations. Root extracts have also shown an ability to improve the cardiorespiratory endurance of elite athletes. Lowers blood sugar levels, total and LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. Extracts may be helpful for diabetics. Neuroprotective. Treats mental disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, anxiety, nervous exhaustion, paranoia, panic attacks, phobias, memory loss, manic depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and schizophrenia. Extracts can also enhance learning, and protect against hypoxia-induced memory deficits. The leaves and stems have also been used in bioremediation programs to remove heavy metals such as aluminum from polluted waters. Do not exceed the recommended daily dosage of ashwagandha.      




ASPARAGUS

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Anti-yeast. Lowers cholesterol. High in glutathione, a highly potent antioxidant, which is essential to the function and integrity of the cells, tissues, and organs. High in folic acid (Vitamin B9) which is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Rich in iron which vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Treats gastric and duodenal ulcers. Cooked asparagus may be helpful in treating colitis. Dissolves uric acid deposits in extremities. Diuretic. Helps reduce the appearance of varicose veins. Extracts can protect the liver against radiation damage and chemical attack. May be neuroprotective against the harmful effects of insecticides. Relieves alcoholic hangovers. Stem extracts have been used to treat anxiety. Used in China for the treatment of bronchitis, pneumonitis, and cough. Rich source of iodine, which is necessary to produce thyroid hormone, which regulates the body's energy level, and is essential for fetal and childhood brain development. Good source of Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). High in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Useful in treating hypertension where there is excessive salt in the blood. Treats diarrhea and increases bowel movements. Blemish remover. African asparagus has shown an ability to inhibit malarial parasites. Aphrodisiac. Shatavari (Indian asparagus) is a sexual tonic and rejuvenating ovarian tonic for women. Shatavari exhibits estrogenic activity, regulates hormone levels, and treats PMS, menstrual cramps, mood changes, and hot flashes. Asparagus extracts can help lower blood sugar levels. They are also cerebroprotective, and may be helpful as an anticonvulsive and in the treatment of seizures.

 

 

ASTER

Antifungal. Anti-ulcer. Treats internal hemorrhaging, excessive menstruation, bloody urine or stools, and diarrhea. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. oral squamous).


         

ASTRAGALUS

Chinese herb is a great immune system strengthener. Antioxidant. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood sugar levels, cholesterol, and blood pressure. May improve sperm count and motility. Treats severe brain injury, brain hypoxia, chronic fatigue, shortness of breath, general weakness, lack of appetite, stomach ulcers, herpes simplex, diabetes, mononucleosis, lupus, hypoglycemia, cervicitis, anemia, irregular heartbeat, myocardial ischemia, congestive heart failure, angina, nephritis, male infertility, colds, flus, and related viruses. Treats upper respiratory tract infections. Neuroprotective. Tonic for the heart, gastrointestinal tract, spleen, and lungs. Reduces side effects associated with chemotherapies and helps restore immune function in cancer patients. Also improves immune function in children who undergo heart surgery. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. gastric). Tumor inhibitor. Reduces the severity of allergies. Inhibits dermatitis. Diuretic. Extracts can protect the liver from chemical attack. Great energizer used by athletes. Yeast killer.         



ATRACTYLIS

Chinese herb is helpful for diabetics in lowering blood sugar levels. Provides support for the pancreas, spleen, and liver. Tea has blood coagulant properties. Stops internal and external hemorrhaging.

 

AVOCADO

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Good source of Vitamins B6, C, E, and K. Vitamin B6 is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Vitamin E helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Vitamin K is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). High in fiber which helps increase elimination. Avocados are rich in carotenoids such as lutein which accumulate in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Lowers total cholesterol and increases beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. High in potassium which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. High in glutathione, a highly potent antioxidant, which is essential to the function and integrity of the cells, tissues, and organs. Leaf extracts have been used to lower blood sugar levels and to treat diabetes. Leaf extracts have also shown anticonvulsant properties suggesting a possible treatment for epilepsy. Extracts have been used to inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells. May also be helpful in the treatment of leukemia. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Oil is used for youthful skin. Avocado-chamomile or avocado-Vitamin B12 cream extracts are good treatments for psoriasis. Avocado oil can also be used topically to treat cuts and wounds. Avocado leaf tea treats menstrual cramps and water retention. Also used as a laxative.  Avocados are high in fat, but most of it is unsaturated and has not been shown to be a major contributor to obesity if eaten in moderation.



AZALEA

Tea used topically treats lice, chiggers, and ringworm. All parts of this plant are toxic and should not be consumed.

 



B

 

 

 

BABY'S BREATH

Tea helps break down chest congestion in those with bronchitis.

 

BACON

SEE: PORK

BACOPA

SEE: WATER HYSSOP

BAGEL

Eaten before bedtime, may help you sleep better.

BALM

SEE: LEMON BALM

BALM OF GILEAD

SEE: POPLAR

 

BALMONY

Provides support for the liver and gallbladder.



BAMBOO

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Tea used as a treatment for impotence. Treats ulcers and rheumatoid arthritis. May offer protection against cancer- causing long-term radiation exposure. Cooked bamboo shoots can lower LDL and total cholesterol levels, and are high in fiber which helps increase elimination. Anti-tumor. Bamboo extracts may also protect against breast cancer. Seed oil may be helpful in the treatment of polycystic ovarian syndrome. Shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Leaf extracts can help reduce toxic blood lead levels. Leaf extracts can also be used externally to heal and treat wounds. Bamboo leaves are safe to eat. Raw bamboo shoots are toxic and should not be consumed. 

 



BANANA

Natural antioxidant and antibiotic. Floral extracts are antibacterial. High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Promotes sleep. Lowers blood pressure. High in fiber which helps increase elimination. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Treats an acid stomach. Bananas have anti-ulcer properties. High in antioxidants. Prevents DNA damage. Helps protect the circulatory system. Offsets insulin shock in diabetics. Good for heartburn, stomachache, and digestive disorders. Good for adding on weight safely. Bananas are binding and are a good treatment for diarrhea. Treats celiac disease in children. Banana stalk extracts can lower blood sugar levels. Banana leaves have been used in skin grafts and as painless dressings to treat burn victims. Green peels have been used topically to treat sores, lesions, ulcers, and as a remedy for hypertension. Ripe peels treat migraines, heal burns, rashes, boils, and warts. Inside of peels have been used as a shoe polish. Mashed pulp reduces swelling of adenoids, and has been used to coat foreign objects accidentally swallowed for facilitated safer passage out of the body. Stem extracts have been used to treat depression. Banana peel extracts have been used as carbon steel corrosion inhibitors. Banana peels have also been used in bioremediation programs to remove pesticides such as atrazine from polluted waters.

 

 

BARBERRY

Rich in antioxidants. Antibiotic. Antimicrobial. Antibacterial. Contains berberine, a potent antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory, which is used to treat intestinal and parasitic infections including malaria, trypanosomiasis, trachoma, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, and cholera. Berberine lowers cholesterol, burns fat, and also helps lower blood sugar levels in diabetics. Berberine is neuroprotective, and has also shown an ability to inhibit the growth of cancerous cells. Berberine treats liver fibrosis, and can also protect the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Thins mucous. Gastroprotective. One of the most effective treatments for stomach ulcers. Astringent. Bark tea treats fevers, constipation, jaundice, diarrhea, dysentery, alcoholic hangovers, kidney stones, and hepatitis. Provides support for the liver, kidneys, and gallbladder. Extracts of dried barberry have been used in the treatment of acne. Also treats tachycardia and epilepsy. Good for bad breath, mouth ulcers, digestion, rheumatism, skin, and a sore throat. Relieves sinus congestion. Lowers blood pressure. Treats bloodshot eyes. Anti-yeast herb. Helpful in the treatment of giardiasis. Do not exceed the recommended dosage of barberry. Not for long-term use. Barberry is also not recommended for pregnant or lactating women, for very young children, or for the elderly. Barberry may interact with other medications you may be taking such as diabetes drugs or blood thinners, so exercise caution and check with your local medical doctor before consumption.

 

BARLEY

SEE: GREEN BARLEY



BASIL

Potent antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. High in calcium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. High in Vitamin B6 which  is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. breast, colorectal, and lung). Fresh basil is high in carotenoids such as lutein which accumulate in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Tea treats restlessness and helps relieve migraines. High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Holy basil heals ulcers, reduces fevers, inhibits tumor growth, and treats diabetes. Lowers blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Neuroprotective. Strengthens memory. Treats depression, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Anticonvulsant. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Protect cells against DNA damage from radiation exposure. Basil extracts have also shown an ability to protect against arsenic, lead, alcohol, and mercury toxicity. Protects the brain, heart, kidneys, and lungs. Also protects the liver against chemical attack. Leaf extracts may be helpful in the treatment of arthritis. Clove basil oil is used in the treatment of neuropathic pain. Ground basil and witch hazel have been used together as a compress headache reliever. Strengthens blood circulation for women before and after childbirth. Promotes milk in nursing mothers. Freshens breath. Gargle used to treat yeast infections of the mouth and throat. Treats anxiety and chronic stress. Soothes peptic and gastric ulcers, colitis, and asthma. Cool tea used externally as an eyewash, and internally for other eye problems. Tea can also be used to cure vertigo, treat flatulence and diarrhea, and can help relieve the nausea associated with chemotherapy and radiation treatments. Basil extracts may be helpful in the treatment of sickle-cell anemia. Basil oil is rich in eugenol, a compound that has shown promise as a cancer cell inhibitor, and in the treatment of insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis. Basil oil has also shown activity against malarial, filarial, and trypanosomal parasites. Topically, basil oil has been used to heal wounds, manage hemorrhoids, and in the treatment of skin conditions such as acne. Mixing basil oil with aloe gel can accelerate the healing of acne lesions. Basil oil can be used to protect stored foods from fungal spoilage.

 

 

BAY LEAF

Bay laurel. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Bay leaves are high in Vitamin B6 which  is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Gastroprotective. Treatment for diarrhea. Helpful for diabetics. Studies have shown bay leaves have a high ability to break down blood sugar. Bay leaves have also shown the ability to inactivate botulinim toxins. Cancer cell inhibitor. May be helpful in reducing the harmful effects of alcohol intoxication. Bay oil treats arthritis, muscle sprains, and swellings. Anti-dandruff rinse. A poultice can be used as a remedy for bronchitis and a hacking cough.

 

 

BAYBERRY

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Astringent. Anti-inflammatory. Tea treats raging fevers, internal parasites, liver, and kidney problems. Juice consumption can protect against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Extracts can protect cells against DNA damage. Slows bleeding of lungs, bowels, and uterus. Reduces excessive menstruation and vaginal discharges, and helps lessen the appearance of varicose veins. Treats diarrhea. Anti-tumor. Good for treating sinus congestion and headache relief.



BEANS

Good source of vegetable protein and antioxidants. Lowers blood sugar levels, cholesterol, and triglycerides. Good cancer preventative (e.g. upper digestive tract, stomach, colorectal, breast, and kidney). Good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. High in zinc, which is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Small red beans are very high in antioxidants. Garbanzo beans (chickpeas) are one of the highest natural sources of Vitamin B6 which  is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Garbanzo beans and baked beans are also high in calcium, fiber, and protein. Chickpea consumption is helpful for diabetics and the obese. Chickpea extracts are also antiviral. Mung bean extracts can protect the liver against alcohol-induced injury and chemical attack. Kidney beans, pinto beans, white beans, and lima beans are rich in fiber. Fiber helps increase elimination. Dry bean consumption can help you to lose weight and reduce your risk of developing polyps. Reduces hypertension (lima and soybean highest). Helps to build red blood cells. Rich in iron, which vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. White beans have more bioavailable iron than red beans. Promotes vigor and vitality. Consumption of beans, in general, can help reduce food cravings and overeating, and lower your colon cancer risk. Bean juice has been used to treat constipation and hyperactivity. Green bean tea is used as a wash for skin inflammations such as eczema, dermatitis, psoriasis, poison ivy rash, blackheads, herpes, cold sores, and acne. Green bean flowers have been used as a skin cleanser. Lima beans promote faster healing and offer resistance against infections. Kidney bean pod tea lowers blood sugar levels in diabetics, and also treats arthritis, gout, and sciatica pain. Meat substitute. Some people may be allergically sensitive to legumes such as chickpeas.

 

 

BEARBERRY

SEE: UVA-URSI

BEARDED DARNEL

Used topically to treat herpes lesions and bedsores. Tea in small amounts treats insomnia and dizziness. Use caution when taking this herb internally.



BEDSTRAW

SEE: CLEAVERS

BEE BALM

Antiseptic. Tea helps stop nausea and vomiting. Relieves respiratory infections, nasal congestion, head colds, and coughs. Used as a facial cleanser. Contains tannins that help control oily skin.

 

BEE POLLEN

Energy powerhouse. Rich in vitamins and minerals. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Used by world-class athletes. One of the best protein sources available. Vitalizer. Natural healing, rejuvenating and disease fighter. Appetite suppressant. Anti-aging. Treats diarrhea, obesity, rickets, mental illness, digestion, prostate problems, sore throats, acne, fatigue, sexual problems, and allergies. Bee pollen creams have been used to treat burns and other topical skin injuries. Improves complexion by stimulating the growth of new skin tissue. Wrinkle remover. Increases blood hemoglobin, which is useful to those with anemia. Helps flush toxins from the body. Used as a natural tranquilizer. Lowers cholesterol. Stimulates production of sex hormones. Increases the energy of menopausal women. Some people may be allergically sensitive to bee pollen.

 

BEECH

Leaf tea treats topical injuries due to frostbite, scalds, and burns. Bark tea treats poison ivy and diaper rashes. Root tea helps stop the rapid infection of gangrenous ulcers.

 

BEEF

Great protein source. Rich source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. High in iron, zinc, and selenium. Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Zinc is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). If trimmed of visible fat, lean red meat is actually low in saturated fat and does not contribute to arterial plaque buildup. Lean red meat, by itself, does not increase LDL or total cholesterol levels. Some studies, in fact, have shown that lean red meat consumption can actually decrease total cholesterol. Beef is high in cholesterol. Some studies have shown a link between red meat consumption and colorectal cancer.

 

 

BEER

Beer is actually a good source of antioxidants (similar to the amount in white wine). Dark beer may be as good for the heart as red wine and grape juice. Dark beer has shown the ability to inhibit blood clotting that can promote heart attacks. Some studies have shown that both dark and lager beers can lower cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Beer may be protective and inhibit the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Good source of folic acid (Vitamin B9). Folic acid is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Beer is a rich source of silicon (mostly from barley) which is helpful in the development of bone and connective tissue. Silicon can also slow down the toxic accumulation of aluminum in the body which has been linked to Alzheimer’s disease. Beer also contains melatonin, which is an excellent treatment for insomnia. Brewer’s yeast, which is used to ferment beer, is a good source of chromium which regulates insulin and helps normalize blood sugar. The bitter flavoring in beer (which is due to the hops) has been shown to actually increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Beer bran (a byproduct from brewing) has been used in the treatment of wastewater because it effectively removes harmful organic compounds such as chloroform and benzene. Great hair rinse for controlling dandruff.  Some studies have shown a link between heavy beer consumption and colorectal cancer.



 

BEESWAX    

Beeswax is a waxy substance produced by bees which is used to build honeycomb cells where young bees are raised and honey and pollen are stored. Beeswax is one of the best lip balms available. Beeswax is used extensively to make candles, sealing waxes, polishes, some inks, and many other products.



BEET

Antioxidant. Good source of calcium, iron, and folic acid (Vitamin B9). Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Folic acid is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Beets are also rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Rich source of iodine, which is necessary to produce thyroid hormone, which regulates the body's energy level, and is essential for fetal and childhood brain development. High in beta-carotene, Vitamins C and K. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Vitamin K is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Beet is also rich in lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Beet juice is an excellent liver protector and detoxifier. Raw beetroot juice is also an excellent blood pressure reducer. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Lowers blood sugar levels in diabetics. Beet leaf extracts may be helpful in the treatment of stress-related disorders. Pigments found in beets (i.e. betalain) have been helpful in treating arthritis. Beetroot juice powder has been used successfully to break down cancerous tumors. Neuroprotective. Anti-ulcer. Leaf extracts may protect the heart against chemical attack. Beet extracts may be helpful in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Beet extracts have also shown potential in the treatment of skin diseases such as dry skin, dermatitis, and psoriasis.

 

 

BELL PEPPER

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. High in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Fight colds, asthma, bronchitis, and other respiratory infections. Helps reduce the appearance of varicose veins. Sweet red bell peppers are highest in carotenoids (compared to yellow or green) which can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Bell peppers (especially red) are a good source of folic acid (Vitamin B9) which is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas).


BELLADONNA

Source for the drug, atropine. Analgesic. Antispasmodic. Provides pain relief from shingles, migraines, heartburn, acid indigestion, gout, and rheumatoid arthritis. Stimulates blood circulation and increases the heart rate in surgical emergencies. Used to dilate pupils for eye examinations. Inhibits the parasympathetic nervous system, which controls involuntary actions such as saliva production. Extreme caution should be taken when using this deadly herb.



BELLERICA

Fruit is a strong rejuvenator. Astringent. Treats kidney and gallstones, chronic diarrhea, and excess phlegm and bile in the digestive, urinary, and respiratory tracts.

 

BERGAMOT

SEE: BEE BALM



BERMUDA GRASS

Antioxidant. Lowers blood sugar in diabetics. Lowers total cholesterol and increases beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Extracts can protect the brain and liver against chemical attack. Cancer cell inhibitor. Lowers blood pressure. Good treatment for diarrhea. Helpful for those suffering from asthma. May be helpful in treating stress-induced sexual dysfunction in men.

 

 

BERRIES

Heart rejuvenator and blood purifier. Lowers blood pressure. Rich in antioxidants and anti-tumor compounds. Anti-inflammatory. High in potassium which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Cleansing agents for the bladder and colon. Berries have varying levels of antiviral activity. Skin cleanser and complexion beautifier. Berries are a good source of anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Berries are also rich in flavenoids which help inhibit the release of histamine in allergy sufferers. Berries are also neuroprotective, and may help treat age-related cognitive decline. High berry intake may also help reduce the risk of age-related bone loss.

SEE ALSO: SPECIFIC BERRIES

 

BETEL NUT

Areca nut. Provides a sedating effect on the nervous system. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic and anesthetic. Disinfectant. Antifungal. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Reduces stress and tension. Helps remove and kill intestinal parasites and worms. Nut extracts have been shown to lower blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Neuroprotective. Treats migraine headaches. Studies have indicated higher oral, nasopharyngeal, esophageal, and liver cancer rates in habitual chewers of these nuts. Betel quid chewing is also associated with a greater risk of developing hypertension, chronic kidney disease, hepatitis, and liver cirrhosis.

 

 

 

BETH ROOT

Use internally to treat long and heavy menstruation and pain relief. Used externally as a remedy for varicose veins, skin ulcers, and hemorrhoids. Astringent. Expectorant.  In high doses, may stimulate menstruation or promote labor in pregnant women.

 

 

BETONY

SEE: WOOD BETONY



BILBERRY

Rich in antioxidants. Astringent. Antimicrobial. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood sugar levels, cholesterol, and triglycerides. Helps strengthen blood vessels and capillaries of the eye. Increases night vision. Reduces eye fatigue. Provides protection for the cornea. Treatment for eye diseases such as pigmentary retinitis, uveitis, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy, and macular degeneration. Bilberries are rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. May also protect against chemotherapy-induced bone marrow damage.  High in chromium, which regulates insulin and helps normalize blood sugar. Widely used for the treatment of diabetes before the availability of insulin. Bilberries contains quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Protects the heart, liver, and kidneys against chemical attack. Helps reduce the appearance of varicose veins. Treats stress, depression, and chronic fatigue. Reduces bacteria in the urinary tract. Shown to inhibit the growth of leukemia, cervix, colon, and breast cancer cells. Helps treat stomach ulcers, kidney and urinary tract problems, gout, and dermatitis. Treats diarrhea and colitis.  



BIRCH

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. One of the best herbs for treating psoriasis, eczema, herpes, acne, and other chronic skin diseases. Treats burns, wounds, and sores. In solution, can treat superficial, deep, and cavity wounds. Leaf extracts treat rheumatoid arthritis. Extracts have been used to treat inflammation of the cornea. Leaf extracts are also used in cosmetic products as skin whitening agents. Used in enemas to treat constipation and diarrhea. Cancer cell inhibitor. Birch bark tea has been shown to inhibit skin cancer. Birch bark contains salacin, a compound that helps to dissolve warts.



BIRTHWORT

Treats drug-resistant bacterial infections including necrotizing fasciitis - the "flesh-eating" bacteria.  Known human carcinogen.  Kidney failures and death have been reported in some individuals. Extreme care should be taken when using this highly toxic herb. 

 

 

BITTER GOURD

SEE: BITTER MELON

 

BITTER KOLA


SEE: GARCINIA KOLA

 

 

BITTER MELON

Indian herb. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antimicrobial. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Analgesic. Helpful for diabetics in lowering blood sugar levels. Stimulates the pancreas to secrete insulin. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. breast, prostate, colon). HIV inhibitor. Also inhibits tumors. Lowers cholesterol. Helpful for the obese. Neuroprotective. Contains lycopene, a potent antioxidant, which has been found to be protective against heart disease, cataracts, diabetes, and numerous cancers including skin, colorectal, gastric, lung, breast, pancreatic, ovarian, cervical, prostate, liver, and bladder. Lycopene can also protect the liver and kidneys against radiation damage and chemical attack. Lycopene is also an ulcer and tumor inhibitor, and is protective against gastroesophageal reflex disease. Higher serum lycopene levels can also reduce the risk of mortality from metabolic syndrome. Treats peptic ulcers. Seeds may be helpful in the treatment of autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. Used externally as a wound healer. Bitter melon powder has been used in the treatment of scabies. Leaf extracts help treat diarrhea. Fruit extracts have been used in the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis. Uterine stimulant. Leaf extracts have shown an ability to reduce fertility hormones in men. Bitter melon consumption is not recommended for pregnant women or for those who are trying to become pregnant.



 

BITTERS

Treats gastritis. Provides support for the gall bladder. Recommended for those with low stomach acid. Increases saliva and gastric juice flow for better digestion. Half a teaspoon ends indigestion in minutes. In tea with blessed thistle, stimulates heart function. Contains gentian. Not recommended if you have stomach or duodenal ulcers.

SEE ALSO: GENTIAN

BITTERSWEET

Treatment for bruises, swellings, skin eruptions, and joint pain. The berries contain alkaloids that are poisonous and should not be ingested except under strict medical supervision. Extreme care should be taken when using this highly toxic herb.

 

BLACK ALDER

Bark tea has been used to treat a sore throat.

 

BLACK COHOSH

Antioxidant. Antispasmodic. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Treats menopausal symptoms. Regulates menstrual flow and cramps. Hormone regulator. Mild sedative. Treats hypertension, hot flashes, night sweats, depression, nervousness, sleep disturbances, menstrual headaches, vaginal dryness, irritability, and PMS. Used for female pelvic disorders and uterine difficulties. Used in tea for lung problems. Treats dysmenorrhea and tinnitus. Also used as a muscle relaxant for treating rheumatism, muscle spasms, neuralgia, and general pain. Same effect as synthetic estrogen without the side effects. Shown to inhibit the growth of prostate and breast cancer cells. Not recommended for pregnant or lactating women, or in combination with other herbs or medications to treat high blood pressure.



BLACK CUMIN

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Anesthetic. Analgesic. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Black cumin seed oil is a blood clot and colon cancer inhibitor, diuretic, and is helpful in the treatment of diabetes and hypertension. Excellent at lowering LDL and total cholesterol. Shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. High in fiber, which helps increase elimination. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. Seeds may be helpful as an anticonvulsive and in the treatment of seizures. Digestive aid. Cough suppressant. High in magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Poultice can be used for treating abdominal pain. Extracts can protect the liver and  kidneys against chemical attack. Seed extracts have shown an ability to inhibit the movement of filarial parasites.

 

BLACK HAW

A tea made from berries has been used in preventing miscarriages and abortions. Treats painful menstruation, chronic asthma and bronchitis. Exercise caution when using this herb. Use cooked fruit only; raw fruit should not be eaten.

 

BLACK HELLEBORE

SEE: HELLEBORE

 

BLACK NIGHTSHADE

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Diuretic. High in beta-carotene which can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Also rich in lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Gastroprotective. Tumor and cancer cell inhibitor. Leaves and juice have been used to treat sunburn. Leaf extracts can lower blood sugar levels, treat epileptic symptoms, and help reduce seizures and convulsions. Fruit extracts can protect the heart, liver, and kidneys against chemical attack. Use with caution because all parts of the plant may contain poisonous alkaloids, especially the unripened berries.

 

 

BLACK PEPPER

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Analgesic. Antihistamine. Digestive stimulant. Can stop bleeding of superficial cuts and wounds. Remedy for frostbite. When used as a mouthwash, can provide pain relief from a toothache. Helps promote nutrient absorption. Treats flatulence. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Tumor and ulcer inhibitor. Treats depression. The addition of black pepper to pan-fried meats has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Both black and white pepper contains piperine, an alkaloid that is neuroprotective, may be helpful in reducing seizures, and helps improve cognition and memory. Piperine can increase the bioavailability of some nutrients such as Vitamin B, beta-carotene, selenium, and curcumin. Piperine helps protect the immune system, and has been shown to be an effective cancer cell inhibitor and preventative. Piperine can lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Piperine can protect cells and organs from cadmium toxicity. Piperine may help to reduce or prevent inflammation of the colon. Piperine is helpful in treating allergic rhinitis and diarrhea. Piperine can help lower body weight, and thus is helpful for the obese. Piperine is also an anticonvulsive, and has shown promise in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Black pepper can be used to treat asthma and bronchitis. Black pepper is helpful for diabetics because it is high in chromium, which regulates insulin and helps normalize blood sugar. Black pepper oil may be helpful in treating hypertension and Alzheimer’s disease. Great insect repellent and insecticide. Good for treating Montezuma's revenge. Treats dysentery, E. coli, and Campylobacter bacterial infections. Black pepper may increase the bioavailability of certain oral antihistamine drugs.   



BLACK SNAKEROOT

SEE: BLACK COHOSH

 

 

BLACKBERRY

Rich in antioxidants. Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral. Lowers blood sugar levels. Tumor and cancer inhibitor. High in Vitamins C and K. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Vitamin K is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Rich in fiber which helps increase elimination. Raw berries, juice, or the dried root steeped in tea, helps to stop diarrhea. Strengthens blood vessels and improves blood flow. Helps increase microcirculation to the eyes. Reduces the appearance of varicose veins. Helps protect against bone loss. Helps improve memory and cognitive performance. Cancer cell inhibitor. Neuroprotective. Contains linoleic acid that helps skin look healthier and younger. Blackberries are also rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Blackberries are a rich source of ellagic acid, a neuroprotective and gastroprotective compound, which is thought to be responsible for the anti-cancer effect. Ellagic acid has also shown some anti-malarial and anti-epileptic properties.



BLACKROOT

Provides support for the liver and gallbladder.

 

 

BLADDERWORT

 

Treatment for skin and mucous membrane inflammation. Used internally for urinary tract disorders. Increases gallbladder secretions.  Diuretic. Antispasmodic. Can be used externally for the treatment of burns.

 

 

 

BLADDERWRACK

SEE: SEAWEED

 
BLAZING STAR

Root tea treats venereal diseases such as gonorrhea. Can be used in a vaginal douche. Gargle treats a sore throat.

 

BLESSED THISTLE

Antibacterial. Treats indigestion. Heart, stomach, and appetite stimulant. Aids circulation. Good for liver and gallbladder problems. Strengthens memory. Promotes breast milk in mothers. Shown to inhibit tumor growth. Yeast killer. Substitute for black cohosh or hawthorn.

 

BLOODROOT

Treats fevers, rheumatism, eczema, and ringworm. Powder is used externally to treat nasal polyps, ulcers, sores, and skin eruptions. Paste is used externally to treat warts. Emetic in large doses. Used to induce vomiting. Stimulant, astringent, expectorant, and diaphoretic (induces sweating) in smaller doses. Promotes clearing of the respiratory tract. Antibacterial. Extracts are used in toothpastes, mouthwashes, and other dental products to help prevent cavities, kill bacteria and plaque, and inhibit gingivitis. Can be toxic when used at higher doses due to the presence of toxic alkaloids. Care should be taken when using this poisonous herb.

 

BLUE COHOSH

Tonic for women. Treats menstrual problems. Helps induce labor in pregnant women. Facilitates childbirth. Treats liver ailments including cirrhosis of the liver. Anti-inflammatory. Diuretic. Used to expel intestinal parasites and worms. Not recommended for pregnant women who are not trying to induce labor, for infants, or for long-term use.



BLUE FLAG

Roots can be used externally to treat drug-resistant staph infections. Not for internal use.

 

 

 

BLUE SPRUCE

SEE: SPRUCE

 

BLUE VERVAIN

SEE: VERVAIN

 

BLUE VIOLET

SEE: VIOLET

 

BLUE-GREEN ALGAE

SEE: SEAWEED

 

BLUEBERRY

Very high in antioxidants. High in natural aspirin. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Antidiarrheal. Anti-aging. Blueberries are an effective treatment for bladder infections. Keeps kidneys clean. Reduces bacteria in the urinary tract. Blueberries are rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Blueberry anthocyanins also protect the liver against chemical attack. Cancer cell inhibitor and tumor suppressor. Lowers cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels. Treats diabetes. Blueberries have shown an ability to protect cells against DNA damage and cadmium exposure. Also protective against bone loss. Neuroprotective. May be helpful in the treatment of multiple sclerosis and Parkinson’s disease, and may also offer protection against age-related memory and cognitive declines. Blueberry supplementation may also be effective in countering age-related declines in functional mobility. Extracts treat ulcerative colitis. Strengthens blood vessels and improves blood flow. Helps increase microcirculation to the eyes. Also shown to reduce light-induced damage to the retinas. Reduces the appearance of varicose veins. Neutralizes free radicals. May be helpful in weight management programs.

 

BLUEBOTTLE

Used as a poultice to treat black eyes and bruises. Reduces swelling.

 

BLUEFISH

High in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids that help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Good source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). May protect the heart against sudden attack. Fish oil may help maintain insulin levels in diabetics and improve breathing in asthma sufferers. Also treats acute respiratory distress syndrome, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, and dysmennorrhea. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, but not recommended if you have gout.

 

 

BOG BILBERRY

Treats gastrointestinal problems, diarrhea, and bladder complaints.

 

 

BOG MYRTLE

SEE: BAYBERRY

 

BOLDO

Chilean herb. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Provides support for the liver and gallbladder. Stimulates and helps decongest the liver.  Leaf essential oils can be used as a natural insecticide.

 

BONESET

In tea, provides a quick remedy for reducing the fevers accompanying colds and flus. Diaphoretic. Mild antibacterial. Used in internal cleansings to increase the body's ability to sweat out toxins. In high doses, and drunk as hot as possible, will induce vomiting and bowel evacuation.

 

BORAGE

Antioxidant. Analgesic. Stimulates kidneys to flush out toxins. Tea can be used to treat colds and chronic depression. Fever reliever. Increases energy and helps balance the adrenal glands. One of the richest sources of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which relieves symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, and helps improve inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis. Contains rosmarinic acid, an anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective compound that helps lower blood sugar levels and treat symptoms of allergic rhinitis. Rosmarinic acid also treats diabetic neuropathy, and can protect the kidneys against chemical attack. Rosmarinic acid may also be helpful in treating acute pancreatitis, and as a cancer preventative. Borage oil can protect the liver against alcohol damage. Seed oil may also alleviate symptoms of PMS. Leaves can be used as a poultice to treat external wounds, swellings, and inflammation. Borage leaves contain toxic alkaloids and have been shown to induce liver damage and cancer in tested animals. Extreme care should be taken if used internally.

 

BOSWELLIA

Indian frankincense. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Treatment for diarrhea, Crohn’s disease, liver fibrosis, and chronic colitis. Cancer and tumor inhibitor. Protects the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Reduces swelling of rheumatoid and osteoarthritis sufferers. Helpful in lowering fatigue in those with multiple sclerosis. Anticonvulsant. Neuroprotective. Treats cerebral ischemia and helps protect the brain after a stroke, Shown to reduce brain swellings due to radiation therapy. Reduces anxiety and relieves lower back pain. Helps improve blood supply to weakened joints. Treats asthma and gingivitis. Plant resins have been used to treat external wounds.

 

 

BOUQUET GARNI

When used in food preparation, an effective digestive aid. Reduces heartburn, gas, and constipation.

 


BOYSENBERRY

Boysenberries are a hybrid fruit joining a blackberry with a raspberry and a loganberry. Very high in antioxidants. Good source of Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Rich in fiber which helps increase elimination. Boysenberries are rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Contains linoleic acid that helps skin look healthier and younger. Boysenberries are a rich source of ellagic acid, a neuroprotective and gastroprotective compound, which is thought to be responsible for the anti-cancer effect. Ellagic acid has also shown some anti-malarial and anti-epileptic properties. Shown to protect the liver against chemical attack.

 

 

BRAHMI

SEE: WATER HYSSOP

 

BRAN

Great laxative. Curbs hunger. Cancer preventative. Prevents and heals ulcers. Good for diabetes. Best for irregular bowel movements. Increases stool weight. Sorghum bran can be eaten safely by those who are sensitive to wheat gluten (i.e. those who have celiac disease). Consumption of over fifty grams of fiber per day may free someone from appendicitis, colon diseases like diverticulitis, polyps, hemorrhoids, cancer, heart disease, diabetes, and hernia.

 

BRAZIL NUT

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Rich in protein, amino acids, calcium, and Vitamins A, B, and C. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Brazil nuts contain magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Brazil nuts are one of the richest known sources of selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Shown to significantly lower harmful LDL cholesterol, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Extracts may be helpful in the treatment of trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). Used to increase one's mental energy. Brazil nut consumption may help improve cognitive function in older adults. Brazil nuts are rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Nuts, in general, are high in fat, but most of it is unsaturated and has not been shown to be a major contributor to obesity if eaten in moderation. Nuts can provoke severe and even life-threatening reactions in allergically sensitive individuals.



BRAZILIAN GINSENG

SEE: SUMA

 

 

BREAD

Used in combination with honey to treat food poisonings (soaks up toxins in the stomach for quicker relief). Toast can actually be a good treatment for diarrhea. Curbs hunger. Aroma of fresh baked bread may have healing properties. Consumption of certain breads such as sourdough can provide a better source of available nutrients than whole wheat varieties. Store-bought breads (e.g. rye) can be high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis.



BRIGHAM TEA

Variation of ephedra, but does not contain ephedrine. One of the best blood purifiers. Powerful antibiotic. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Treats a wide variety of sexually transmitted diseases. Lessens allergy symptoms and hay fever.

SEE ALSO: EPHEDRA

 

BRINDALL BERRY

Appetite suppressant. Helps prevent the body from making fat. Used in weight loss treatment programs but may not produce significant losses. Extracts are marketed as Citrin®, CitriMax®, and CitriLean®. Lowers cholesterol. Ulcer inhibitor.

 


BROAD BEAN

Floral extracts are used externally to treat skin inflammations, warts, and burns.  The seeds are toxic and should not be consumed.

 

 

BROCCOLI

Extremely nutritious. Antibacterial. High in beta-carotene, Vitamins C, E, and K.  Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Vitamin E helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Vitamin K is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Rich in fiber which helps increase elimination. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). High in potassium which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Rich in sulphoraphane, a compound that can protect against UVB-induced skin inflammation. High in glutathione, a highly potent antioxidant, which is essential to the function and integrity of the cells, tissues, and organs. Broccoli is also a good source of carotenoids such as lutein which accumulate in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Cardioprotective. Neuroprotective. Improves cognitive function and reduces learning and memory impairment. Broccoli consumption may be protective against osteoarthritis and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Treats peptic ulcers. Anti-tumor. Powerful cancer fighter. Can protect against breast, colon, skin, prostate, bladder, lung, liver, and stomach cancer. Good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. High in chromium, which regulates insulin and helps normalize blood sugar. Lowers cholesterol. Increases elimination. Treats yeast infections. 



BROMELAIN

SEE: PINEAPPLE

 

BROOKLIME

Blood purifier. Digestive aid. Diuretic. Used to reduce the amount of urine excreted from the body. Treats bleeding gums, hemorrhoids, diabetic leg ulcers, skin sores, and chronic headaches. Also used for constipation, liver problems, dysentery, and lung conditions. Improves skin complexion.

 

BROOM

Antioxidant. Diuretic. Will induce vomiting (emetic) in large doses. Used in combination with dandelion and juniper berries to treat chronic edema or fluid retention. Possible remedy for cardiac arrhythmia. Protects liver from chemical attack. Seeds can be used as a coffee substitute. Not recommended for the treatment of acute renal diseases.

 

BROWN ALGAE

SEE: SEAWEED

 

BRUSSEL SPROUTS

High in Vitamins C, E, and K. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Vitamin E helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Vitamin K is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Lowers cholesterol. Can protect against breast, colon, and stomach cancer. Helps reduce the appearance of varicose veins. High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. High in fiber, which increases elimination. Treats yeast infections.  

 

BRYONY

Treats whooping cough and heart problems. Care should be taken when using this herb since excessive consumption can be poisonous.

 

BUCHU

One of the best diuretics. Antiseptic. Treats any infection of the urinary tract. Tea excellent for treating gout, painful urination, bladder infections, cystitis, prostate problems, and kidney disorders. Leaves can be used topically to treat bruises.

 

BUCKBEAN

Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood pressure. Analgesic and tranquilizer. Fever reducer. Relieves gas and excess stomach acid. Tea substitute. Ingredient used in some Scandinavian beers.

 

BUCKTHORN

Antimicrobial. Guaranteed laxative. Good for chronic constipation. Stimulates the digestive system. Good for treating gallstones. Provides hemorrhoid relief due to bowel problems. Treats herpes sores. Wart remover. Possible anti-tumor qualities. Not recommended for pregnant women or for long-term use.

 

BUCKWHEAT

Antioxidant. Appetite suppressant. High in fiber. Improves constipation and increases bowels. Reduces blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol. Helps prevent heart disease. Buckwheat flour is one of the richest sources of magnesium, a natural tranquilizer that helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Helps inhibit gallstones and the appearance of varicose veins. Helpful for the obese. Neuroprotective. Sprouts can help reduce stress. Buckwheat sprouts contain anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Some varieties of buckwheat (e.g. tartary) contain traces of quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Tartary buckwheat has also shown an ability to improve memory and cognition, and to protect cells against DNA damage. Buckwheat flour has been shown to suppress tumor growth. May promote a healthy prostate.  

 

BUGLEWEED

Tea helps regulate internal organs and circulation in women after childbirth. Used in combination with shepherd's purse and nettles as a hemostat. Helps stop nosebleeds, excess menstruation, bleeding hemorrhoids, bloody urine, and bloody stools. Treatment for a hyperactive thyroid gland and Graves’ disease.  Not recommended for pregnant women.

 

BULGUR

Antioxidant. Bulgur is one of the richest sources of fiber. Increases bowels. Reduces blood sugar and cholesterol. Helps prevent heart disease. Bulgur is a rich sources of magnesium, a natural tranquilizer that helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels.

 

BULRUSH

SEE: CATTAIL

 

BUPLEURUM

Antioxidant. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Liver protector. Used to treat depression associated with PMS. Extracts have also been used in the treatment of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Tumor and cancer cell inhibitor. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Reduces stress and stimulates the immune system. Can have a tranquilizing effect similar to Valium®. May help restore brain function and memory in those with Alzheimer's disease. Root tea may be helpful in correcting the position of a prolapsed uterus. This same tea also treats headaches and back pain.

 

 

BURDOCK

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Great liver detoxifier and toxin remover. Roots lower blood sugar and contain insulin-like compounds that are helpful to diabetics. Diuretic. Great blood purifier and cleanser. Digestive stimulant. Helpful for the obese. Reduces allergy symptoms. Treats gout, dropsy, rheumatism, knee joint swellings, and advanced arthritis. One of the best herbs for severe and chronic skin problems. Treats skin tumors, gastric ulcers, eczema, acne, blemishes, psoriasis, boils, herpes, and syphilitic sores. Extracts have been used in hair loss preparations. Root extracts protect the liver against chemical attack. Burdock extracts also show promise in the protection of archived materials (e.g. books) from biodeterioration. Used in tea with catnip for the treatment and elimination of kidney and gallstones. Aphrodisiac. Root extracts treat male impotence.

 

BURNET

Fresh crushed leaves are used to treat mouth ulcers.

 

BUTCHER'S BROOM

Anti-inflammatory. Astringent. Strengthens blood vessels and improves blood flow. Treats blood circulation problems such as diabetic retinopathy, varicose veins, chronic venous insufficiency, phlebitis, and hemorrhoids. Helps accelerate lymphatic drainage in breast cancer patients following surgery. Treats connective tissue problems and speeds healing of leg cramps, bruises, sprains, and contusions. Used topically to treat swellings and blood pooling in the legs. Berries contain anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage.

 

BUTTERBUR

Extracts are one of the best treatments for migraine headaches. Root is a natural antihistamine and allergy remedy. Extracts have been shown to protect the brain against chemical attack. Also treats fevers, colds, hay fever, asthma, menstrual cramps, neuralgia, arthritis, and urinary problems. Antibiotic. Heart stimulant. Tonic for skin problems.

 

 

BUTTERCUP

Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Root tinctures have been used to treat shingles and sciatica. Extracts from the celery-leaved buttercup may be helpful in the treatment of trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). 

 

BUTTERFLY WEED

Expectorant. Expels phlegm from throat and chest. Treatment for respiratory ailments including pleurisy, pneumonia, and bronchitis. Remedy for infant colic.

 

BUTTERNUT

Remedy for watery stools and dysentery. Treats stubborn constipation and intestinal problems. Used to treat and eliminate intestinal parasites such as tapeworms.



C

 

 

 

CABBAGE

Strong antioxidant. Antifungal. Antiviral. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Can protect against breast, colon, prostate, and stomach cancer. Shown to inhibit the growth of liver cancer cells. Uncooked cabbage is high in glutathione, a highly potent antioxidant, which is essential to the function and integrity of the cells, tissues, and organs. Treats yeast infections. Cabbages are a good source of Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Increases elimination. Protects against radiation and toxic chemical pollutants. A cabbage compress can been used to treat arthritis, lower backache, and cramps. Napa cabbage is very high in zinc. Zinc is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Purple or red cabbage is rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Savoy cabbage is among the highest in beta-carotene. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. The outer leaves of Savoy cabbage are extremely rich in carotenoids such as lutein which accumulate in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Bok choy and Chinese cabbage are highest in calcium. Cabbage contains quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Red cabbage provides the highest level of antioxidants. Red cabbage may be helpful in the treatment of inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis. Red cabbage also contains the most Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Cabbage juice can be used to treat stomach ulcers and help stop any bleeding. Extracts may be useful in the treatment of trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). Sauerkraut made from cabbage is rich in enzymes that help metabolize food. Sauerkraut juice has been used to treat mouth canker sores. Sauerkraut can be high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis.

 

 

CACAO

SEE: CHOCOLATE

 
CACTUS

Antibacterial. Cactus fruits are a rich source of antioxidants. High in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Extracts have been used to treat alcoholic hangovers. Diuretic. Cancer cell, tumor, and ulcer inhibitor. The pulp fruit of some cacti (e.g. Opuntia) is high in chromium, which regulates insulin and helps normalize blood sugar. Interestingly, Opuntia has also been used to remove heavy metals such as chromium and nickel from drinking water. Opuntia extracts may also be helpful in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. cervix, gastric, leukemia). Cactus pear extracts have been used in the treatment of various cancers including ovarian, cervical, colon, and bladder. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical poisoning and heavy metal exposure. Extracts can also protect red blood cells from alcohol intoxication. Cactus water extracts may help alleviate constipation. Cactus juice makes a good scalp rinse and conditioner. Mashed leaves can be used as a poultice to treat open wounds, burns, and sores.



CAJEPUT

SEE: TEA TREE

 

CALENDULA

Antioxidant. Antimicrobial. Antifungal. Antibacterial. Anti-inflammatory. Tones and stimulates the lymphatic system. Treats any external skin, muscle, or blood vessel problems including acne, burns, cuts, wounds, sores, ulcers, pulled muscles, boils, bruises, frostbite, sprains, winter hands, chapped lips, etc. Used in eyewashes to treat conjunctivitis. Helps reduce the appearance of varicose veins. Treats vaginal candidiasis. Used to help promote sweating. Lowers fevers. Contains lycopene, a potent antioxidant, which has been found to be protective against heart disease, cataracts, diabetes, and numerous cancers including skin, colorectal, gastric, lung, breast, pancreatic, ovarian, cervical, prostate, liver, and bladder. Lycopene can also protect the liver and kidneys against radiation damage and chemical attack. Lycopene is also an ulcer and tumor inhibitor, and is protective against gastroesophageal reflex disease. Higher serum lycopene levels can also reduce the risk of mortality from metabolic syndrome. Digestive aid. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Soothes and heals gastric and duodenal ulcers. Treats stomach inflammation and ulcerative colitis. Eases gallbladder inflammation. May be helpful in treating pancreatitis. Can be used in rinses for toothaches.  Toothpastes made from floral extracts can reduce plaque buildup and treat gingivitis. Used in sunscreen formulations. Ointment is used as a treatment for minor inflammations of the skin, the healing of wounds, and hemorrhoids. Some people may be allergically sensitive to calendula.  

 

 

CAMPHOR

Antiseptic. Anti-inflammatory. Antioxidant. Disinfectant. Lowers cholesterol. Oil treats asthma, bronchitis, toothache, backache, sore muscles, sciatica, and rheumatism. Used topically to treat wounds and reduce wrinkles. Provides a calming effect for drug addicts in withdrawal programs. Sinus clearer.

 

CANNABIS

SEE: MARIJUANA

 

CANOLA

SEE: RAPESEED

 

CANTALOUPE

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Rich in beta-carotene and Vitamin C. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. High in potassium which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Peel extracts lower cholesterol levels. Good diuretic. Helps correct constipation.

 

 

CAPE JASMINE

Fruit extracts have been used in the treatment of diabetes. May stimulate pancreas cells to produce insulin. Shown to be protective against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Neuroprotective. May help improve learning and memory in patients with cerebral ischemia. Crocetin, a compound found in cape jasmine, may be helpful in treating Parkinsonism, a neurologic disorder similar to Parkinson’s disease. Crocetin is also antihypertensive and antithrombotic. Excessive use can contribute to the development of mesenteric phlebosclerosis, a disease that causes calcification of the mesenteric vein, a blood vessel that drains blood from the small intestine.

 

 

CAPER

Antioxidant. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Also lowers blood sugar levels in diabetics. Helpful for the obese. Diuretic. Good source of Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. High in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Bark and root extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Flower buds are used to add flavor to foods. Capers can be high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis.

 

 

CAPSICUM

SEE: CAYENNE

 

CARAWAY

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Fruit extracts lower blood sugar levels in diabetics. Lowers total cholesterol and triglycerides. Tea treats late menstruation and flatulence. Helps prevent heartburn and acid indigestion. Oil protects the liver against chemical attack. Ulcer inhibitor. Relieves uterine cramps. Promotes breast milk in mothers. Clears mucous from the throat. Given to infants with intestinal gas. Caraway oil helps treat irritable bowel syndrome by relaxing gut muscles and reducing diarrhea. Helpful for the obese.

 

 
CARDAMOM

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antidiarrheal. Seeds are chewed after a meal to sweeten breath. Relieves indigestion and respiratory problems. Treatment for asthma, Diuretic. Sedative. Lowers blood pressure. Inhibits gastric ulcers and lesions. Anti-tumor. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. skin). Remedy for celiac disease (wheat gluten intolerance).

 

 

CAROB

May stimulate inactive kidneys. Powder used to treat diarrhea. Contains tannins, which have strong antiviral and antibacterial properties. Given to infants in formula or solid food for relief of diarrhea. High in calcium and potassium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Potassium helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Carob fiber can lower total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides.

 

CARROT

Rich in antioxidants. Antibacterial. High in beta-carotene. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Red carrots contain lycopene, a potent antioxidant, which has been found to be protective against heart disease, cataracts, diabetes, and numerous cancers including skin, colorectal, gastric, lung, breast, pancreatic, ovarian, cervical, prostate, liver, and bladder. Lycopene can also protect the liver and kidneys against radiation damage and chemical attack. Lycopene is also an ulcer and tumor inhibitor, and is protective against gastroesophageal reflex disease. Seeds and roots have also shown anti-cancer qualities. Higher serum lycopene levels can also reduce the risk of mortality from metabolic syndrome. Juice extracts may be helpful in the treatment of leukemia. Carrots may also be protective against stroke. Protects the heart from myocardial infarctions. Purple carrot extracts have been shown to protect organs against cadmium exposure. Lowers cholesterol and triglycerides. Juice used as an energy stimulant. Carrots contain pectin that encourages the growth of beneficial bacteria in the large intestine, and also helps lower cholesterol and bind up toxins (e.g. lead) in the body for removal. Rich in fiber which helps increase elimination. Treats diverticulitis, spastic colon, and constipation. Purple carrots are high in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Immune system and memory booster. Infection fighter. Protects against chemical pollutants. Gastroprotective. Anti-ulcer. Carrot oil extracts have been used topically to inhibit tumor development. Root extracts have been used in creams to heal wounds, burns, and scalds. Helps kick nicotine addiction. Provides asthma relief. Cooking carrots enhances the absorption of nutrients. Used in soup to cure infant diarrhea. Effective mouthwash and gargle (strong antiseptic).

 

CASABA

Good source of Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Good diuretic. Helps correct constipation.

 

CASCARA SAGRADA

World's most popular and effective laxative. Similar in strength to senna. Stimulates colon contractions. Treats constipation, intestinal gas, and bloating. Colon cleaner and detoxifier. Antiviral. May cause severe cramping and abdominal distress in high doses. Not recommended for pregnant women or for long-term use.

 

CASHEW

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Relaxes muscles. Delicious milk substitute and protein drink. Shells have been used to treat muscular paralysis due to electric shock, hypertension, and skin cancer (contains ellagic acid). Ellagic acid, a neuroprotective and gastroprotective compound, has also shown some anti-malarial and anti-epileptic properties. Cashews are rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Cashew nuts are also high in Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Bark and leaf extracts can lower blood sugar levels. Cashew nut shells contain anacardic acid, a compound that can help reduce lung damage induced by exposure to diesel exhaust. Nuts, in general, are high in fat, but most of it is unsaturated and has not been shown to be a major contributor to obesity if eaten in moderation. Nuts can provoke severe and even life-threatening reactions in allergically sensitive individuals. Some workers involved in the shelling of cashews by hand may be susceptible to dermatitis.

 

 

CASSIA

SEE: CINNAMON

 

 

CASTOR BEAN

Anti-inflammatory. Antioxidant. Extracts have been used to treat tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, and other respiratory diseases. Castor oil treats numerous fungal and parasitic skin infections including leprosy. Castor oil also helps soften scar tissue, remove warts, and dissolve keloids. Laxative. Oil packs have been used to treat constipation. Liver tonic. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Anti-ulcer. Seed extracts have shown promise in the treatment of some insect-transmitted diseases such as lymphatic filariasis. Castor oil has also been used to reduce ovarian and breast cysts, varicose veins, and swollen lymph glands. A teaspoon of castor oil mixed with a teaspoon of honey is a good cure for hiccups. Root and seed extracts can lower blood sugar levels. Bark extracts have been used as a male contraceptive. The seeds and beans are extremely toxic and should never be consumed.

 

CAT'S CLAW


Peruvian herb. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antifungal. Antiviral. Treats gastritis. Soothes ulcers. Bark extracts help the immune system. Treats rheumatoid and osteoarthritis and oral candidiasis. Lowers blood sugar levels. Neuroprotective. Tumor and cancer cell inhibitor. Compounds in cat’s claw have shown the ability to inhibit the growth of neuroblastomas, melanomas, and brain cancers. Helps reduce cancer-related fatigue. Treats herpes. Extracts offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. May also offer protection against chemotherapy-induced DNA damage. Supports blood circulation. Treats lung inflammations. Not recommended for pregnant or breast-feeding women, or for those who are taking insulin or other hormonal therapies.    

 

CATABA

May stimulate male sexual and urinary organs. Livens male libido.

 

CATFISH

 

Good protein source. High in Vitamin B12, which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Catfish is high in fat and cholesterol.

 

 

 

CATNIP

Steeped in tea, helps reduce intestinal spasms and gas. Remedy for infant colic. Treats anemia, menstrual and uterine disorders, and indigestion. Sedative. Sure cure for insomnia. Reduces fever, allergy symptoms, and nausea. Calms hyperactive kids. Relieves gum and tooth pain. Used as an eyewash. Marijuana substitute. Good for treating dizziness. Leaf extracts have shown some promise in the treatment of insect-vectored diseases such as trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease).

 

CATTAIL

Cattail flour can be used to increase appetite, treat diarrhea, insect bites, stings, poison ivy rashes, and burns. The leaf juice makes an effective toothache remedy and antiseptic.

 

 

CAULIFLOWER

Strong antioxidant. Antiviral. High in Vitamins C and K. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Vitamin K is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Can protect against breast, colon, and stomach cancer. Contains biotin which is good for faster hair growth, fewer split ends, and stronger fingernails. Lowers cholesterol. High in fiber, which increases elimination. 

 

 

CAVIAR

Caviar is a good source of protein. Very rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Caviar is one of the richest sources of Vitamin B12, which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Good source of Vitamin D which is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. High in magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Rich in iron that vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Caviar is very high in fat and cholesterol. Caviar is also high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. 



CAYENNE

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Antimicrobial. Increases blood circulation. In cream form, reduces arthritic joint pain and treats peripheral neuropathy (capsaicin is active ingredient). Capsaicin has been shown to be liver, kidney, and gastroprotective. It is a cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Capsaicin also helps burn fat and treats alcohol-induced gastric lesions. Treats chronic pain, heart conditions, circulatory problems, cluster headaches, allergic rhinitis, poor digestion, nausea, seasickness, diarrhea, constipation, exhaustion, neuralgia, neuritis, shingles, phantom limb pain, periodontitis, and diabetic neuropathy. One of the best stimulants. Used externally to stop bleeding on contact. Topical capsaicin creams help treat chronic soft tissue  pain. Increases heat tolerance in hot climates. Diaphoretic. Used to increase the body's ability to sweat out toxins. Red peppers relieve symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis. Stimulates metabolism and helps burn body fat. Lowers blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol. Prevents blood clots. Heals stomach ulcers. High in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Cayenne is high in Vitamin B6 which  is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Red pepper powder treats irritable bowel syndrome. Red or cayenne pepper is also rich in carotenoids such as lutein which accumulate in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Remedy for colds and flu. May help protect the respiratory system against infection. Keeps feet warm. Antidote for hotness is milk or beer. Salve used for sprains and bruises. Increases energy levels. Used as an expectorant. As a gargle, the seeds are used as a treatment for sore throat and hoarseness. Combined with vinegar, treats ague, a painful swelling of the face. High in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer.

SEE ALSO: CHILI PEPPER

 

CEDAR

Antimicrobial. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Cancer cell inhibitor. Seed extracts and wood essential oils may be helpful in the treatment of leukemia. Western red cedar leaf oil has been shown to be helpful in the management of “sick building” syndrome as a safe, broad-spectrum agent for the decontamination of buildings.



 

CELANDINE

Antioxidant. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Excellent for yeast problems. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis. Provides support for the liver. Cancer cell inhibitor. Reduces tumors. Juice helps soften and treat corns, calluses, plantar's warts, blisters, and pimples. Treats eczema, urticaria, and other itching problems.



 

CELERY

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antifungal. Antibacterial. Anti-ulcer. Treats arthritis, rheumatism, and gout. Good for lowering blood pressure and cholesterol. Seed extracts can lower blood sugar levels. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. colon, prostate). Stalks have a high fiber content which helps increase elimination. Seeds are high in calcium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Sedative. Treats anxiety and calms frayed nerves. High in magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Helps in weight loss programs. Diuretic. Juice reduces severity of allergy symptoms. Provides relief from insect stings. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Extracts have also shown activity against roundworms and mosquito larvae. Some people experience sunlight sensitivity to celery consumption. Celery seed is not recommended if you have kidney problems.

 

CENTAURY

SEE: AMERICAN CENTAURY

 

 

CHAI HU

 

SEE: BUPLEURUM

 

CHAMOMILE

Potent antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antihistamine. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Analgesic. Good for sinus congestion and related headaches. Relieves hay fever symptoms. Remedy for asthma attacks. Lowers blood sugar. Chamomile tea may be helpful for those with type 2 diabetes. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. breast). Gastroprotective. Treats eczema, diaper rash, teething pain, earaches, mucositis, diarrhea, and colic. Digestive aid. Mild sedative and sleep aid. Tea used to treat nervousness, restlessness, insomnia, and flatulence. Chamomile oil is a good treatment for heartburn. Extracts may be helpful in reducing and treating PMS symptoms in women. Treats ADHD disorders and hyperactive kids. Oil is also used for insect bites. Facial cleanser and hair conditioner. Treats skin scaliness and itchiness, inflammation, wrinkles, and stretch marks. Compress and wash used for muscle stiffness and temporary limb paralysis. Treats irritated eyes and conjunctivitis. Helps prevent and heal ulcers. Topically-treated chamomile oil may be helpful for those suffering from carpel tunnel syndrome and knee osteoarthritis. Also used topically to decrease the frequency of nocturia in children with enuresis. Good for those suffering from degenerative liver diseases such as hepatitis and AIDS. German chamomile extracts are neuroprotective, can protect the liver against chemical attack, and have been shown to actually produce new liver tissue. German chamomile oils have been used in the treatment of parasitic worm infections such as anisakiasis. German varieties also help reduce the appearance of varicose veins. Helps reduce pain and inflammation in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Chamomile mouthwashes help reduce dental plaque, periodontitis, and gingivitis. Chamomilla, a derivative, treats teething babies and colic. Some people may be allergically sensitive to chamomile.

 

 

 

CHAPARRAL

Powerful antibiotic. Anti-inflammatory. High in antioxidants. Superb immune system strengthener. Reduces the growth of gastric ulcers, cancerous tumors, and associated intense pain. Checks leukemia. Slows down the aging process. Dandruff remover. Treats yeast infections and athlete's foot. Used in food processing to prevent rancidity. Not recommended for pregnant women or for those with liver problems. Side effects may include the development of kidney problems, nonviral hepatitis, and irreversible liver damage.  Some deaths have been reported.


CHARD

SEE: BEET

 

CHASTEBERRY

Herb for female troubles. Regulates and balances hormone levels. Treats cervical dysplasia, cyclical mastalgia, endometriosis, and problems associated with menopause, menstruation, PMS, and infertility. Contains linoleic acid that helps skin look healthier and younger. May help women with polycystic ovarian syndrome. Not recommended for pregnant women, for nursing mothers, or for those on hormone replacement therapy. Side effects include rashes in sensitive individuals.

 

CHEBULA

Fruit treats chronic diarrhea, hemorrhoids, constipation, and flatulence. Helps rid the body of worms and parasites.

 

 

CHEESE

Rich calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Swiss and cheddar cheeses are among the highest food sources for calcium. Cheese is rich in zinc which is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Cottage cheese is a good source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Whey, a by-product of cheese manufacturing, is used in dietary protein supplements. Many processed cheeses are high in saturated fat which can contribute to atherosclerosis. Processed cheeses and cheese curds (i.e. cottage cheese) can be high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. 

 

 

CHERRY

Rich in antioxidants. Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral. One of the best gout cures. Provides arthritis relief. Lowers blood pressure, strengthens blood vessels, and improves blood flow. Lowers blood sugar levels. Cherry extracts have been shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Neuroprotective. Cherry juice consumption can help improve memory and cognition in those with dementia. Consuming cherry juice can also help you lose weight. Reduces the appearance of varicose veins. Expectorant. Remedy for hacking coughs due to asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, smoking, and the flu. Relieves sinus congestion and common cold symptoms. Antidote for fish food poisoning. Strengthens cartilage, tendons, and joints. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. breast). Cherries are rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Sweet cherry consumption can help reduce diet-induced fatty liver disease. Some sour (tart) cherry varieties contain high levels of melatonin which is an excellent treatment for insomnia. Tart cherry juice has also been used to decrease symptoms and accelerate recovery in exercise-induced inflammation and muscle damage. Leaves, seeds, pits, and bark contain concentrated hydrocyanic acid which is highly poisonous and should not consumed; use in preparations with extreme care.

 

 

CHERVIL

Antioxidant. Excellent for eye disorders such as cataracts, detached retina, glaucoma, conjunctivitis, ophthalmitis, and other eye inflammations. Digestive aid.

 

 

CHESTNUT

Among the highest nuts in antioxidants. Mild astringent. Antibacterial. Used roasted for treating bleeding ulcers and intestinal bleeding. Treats excessive menstruation. High in fiber which helps increase elimination. High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Roasted chestnuts are actually very high in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Seeds are antifungal. Compared to other nuts, chestnuts are low in protein and fat. Shell extracts may protect cells against free radical-induced DNA damage. Chestnut skin extracts can decrease melanogenesis, and potentially be used as skin whitening agents. Over consumption of chestnuts can result in constipation. Nuts can provoke severe and even life-threatening reactions in allergically sensitive individuals.

 

CHIA

Antioxidant. Seeds are high in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids that help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Chia flour can help reduce blood pressure. High in fiber which helps increase elimination.

 

 

CHICKEN

Great protein source. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). High in Vitamin B6 which  is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Rich in zinc which is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Chicken is also a rich source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Good source of iron, which vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Chicken extracts have been used in the treatment of hypertension. Chicken is high in cholesterol. 



CHICKPEA

SEE: BEANS

 

CHICKWEED

Rich in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Good at removing toxins from the body. Dissolves plaque in blood vessels. Good diuretic. Used to treat blood poisoning and tetanus. Helps balance an irregular thyroid gland. Good for general kidney support. Treats carbuncles, boils, venereal disease, herpes, swollen testicles, and swollen breasts. Salve used for itching and rashes. Treats obesity.

 

CHICORY

High in antioxidants. Anti-inflammatory. Cleanser for the liver and spleen. High in beta-carotene and calcium. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Chicory is also rich in lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Chicory contains xylitol, a naturally occurring sugar alcohol, that has been shown to reduce dental caries. Digestive stimulant. Treatment for jaundice. Can be used as a caffeine-free coffee alternative. Compounds in chicory coffee are antithrombotic. Used as a male birth control method. Lowers cholesterol, blood sugar, and a rapid heartbeat. Helpful for diabetics. Remedy for acid indigestion and heartburn. Dissolves gallstones. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical poisonings. Cancer cell inhibitor. Extracts can also help accelerate wound healing and inhibit the growth of ulcers and tumors. Some studies have shown that chicory may render sperm infertile in men.

 

 

CHILI PEPPER

Rich in antioxidants. Antibacterial. Antiseptic. Decongestant. High in Vitamins A and C. Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Chili powder is high in Vitamin B6 which is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Remedy for the common cold. Digestive stimulant. May protect the stomach lining against acids and alcohol. Also protects the kidneys against chemical attack. Provides relief from chronic pain, sore throat, toothache, mouth sores, nerve pain, asthma, and arthritis. Contains capsaicin which has been shown to be both kidney and gastroprotective, and possesses anti-tumor and anti-cancer effects. Capsaicin also burns fat and treats alcohol-induced gastric lesions. Capsaicin has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Hot peppers have been shown to be neuroprotective. Used in cream form to relieve pain of surgical incisions. Normalizes blood circulation. Stops nosebleeds. Reduces inflammation. Thins mucous. Used as an expectorant. Chili powder is high in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Antibacterial. Antioxidant. Prevents development of bronchitis. Stops headaches when inhaled. Some studies have shown that diets containing high amounts of chili are associated with a higher risk of esophageal cancer.

SEE ALSO: CAYENNE

 

CHINESE AMUR CORK

Anti-yeast herb.

 

CHINESE CUCUMBER

Used as a natural mid-trimester abortive. Treatment for uterine cancer. Root tea treats asthma, bronchitis, jaundice, diabetes, hemorrhoids, measles, mumps, chickenpox, sore throats, laryngitis, abscesses, and breast inflammation. Rind tea helps relieve dehydration and glandular inflammations. Seeds have been used as a laxative and to reduce phlegm. Contains "Compound Q" which may be helpful in the treatment of AIDS, but has been shown to produce side effects and toxicity.

 

CHIVES

High in Vitamins A, B6, C, folic acid (Vitamin B9), and potassium. Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Vitamin B6 which  is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Folic acid is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Potassium helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Mild diuretic. Digestive aid. Stimulates the body’s digestion of fats. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Treats yeast infections. Tea with ginger relieves headaches due to sinus congestion. Reduces flatulence. Breath freshener. Chives have been used to help stimulate the appetite of those with anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders. 

SEE ALSO: GINGER

 

CHLORELLA

SEE: SEAWEED

 

CHOCOLATE

Rich in antioxidants that may help prevent heart attacks. Anti-inflammatory. Cocoa and chocolate contain compounds that lower blood pressure and protect the heart and blood vessels. Dark chocolate contains more than twice the amount of antioxidants as milk chocolate. Dark chocolate is also cardioprotective, and has been shown to decrease skin sensitivity to UV light. Unsweetened powdered cocoa contains almost twice the antioxidants as dark chocolate. The fat in chocolate (cocoa butter) is highly saturated, but does not raise serum cholesterol levels. Some studies have indicated that moderate regular consumption of chocolate (i.e. several pieces per month), may help you live longer. Some studies even suggest that high chocolate consumption is associated with lower total fatness. Compounds in chocolate have been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, kidneys, and bladder. Dark chocolate and cocoa powder have been shown to lower blood sugar levels, reduce total cholesterol, and increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Dark chocolate is also neuroprotective, and may help improve cognitive function. Cocoa powder is rich in iron that vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Cocoa powder has also shown some anti-malarial properties, including an ability to reduce the liver damage caused by these parasites. Cocoa extracts have been shown to inhibit cancer cell growth (e.g. colorectal, prostate). Cocoa-enriched diets may also be helpful in the treatment of allergic disorders. Consuming moderate amounts of chocolate may reduce the risk of diabetes. Cocoa consumption may be helpful in treating age-related cognitive dysfunction. Chocolate actually helps to prevent tooth decay and plaque. Treats chronic fatigue, depression, and anxiety. Aphrodisiac. Mild stimulant. Contains linoleic acid that helps skin look healthier and younger. Treats dermatitis. White chocolate (not dark) may be helpful in the treatment of acne lesions. Used as a facial mask for treating dry skin. Removes neck wrinkles and crow's feet. Chocolate is rich in magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke.

 

CHOKEBERRY

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Fruits are rich in contain anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Lowers blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Lowers total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and increases beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Chokeberry juice may be helpful in reducing urinary tract infections. The juice may also be helpful in treating cellulite by reducing edemas.

 

 

CHRYSANTHEMUM

Flowers are used for treating high blood pressure and angina. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Lowers cholesterol. Extracts can protect the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Extracts may also be helpful in reducing the damaging effects of cigarette smoke. Treats tired and bloodshot eyes, headaches, and dry mouth. Pyrethrins, which are made from chrysanthemum floral extracts, are widely used in insecticides. Floral extracts may be helpful in wound healing, and may also protect cells against free radical-induced DNA damage. Extracts of some species have shown hair growth potential. Extracts may also be helpful in the treatment of gout, rheumatoid arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis. Some individuals may be allergically sensitive to these pyrethrins which target the nervous system.

 

CICELY

SEE: SWEET CICELY

 

 

CILANTRO

SEE: CORIANDER

 

 

CINCHONA

Antibiotic. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Contains quinine, a natural remedy for the treatment of malaria. Stimulates appetite. Treatment for the common cold, sore throat, headache, muscle twitches, and neuralgia.

 

CINNAMON

Potent antioxidant. Powerful antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Contains natural salicylates (aspirin). Lowers total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and increases beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. High in calcium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Lowers blood sugar levels. Helpful for diabetics. Cinnamon may be protective against non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Treats atopic dermatitis and diabetic nephropathy. Protects kidneys against chemical assault. Neuroprotective. May be helpful in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Cinnamon contains chromium which has been shown to boost insulin activity and help normalize blood sugar. Cancer cell inhibitor and preventative. Cold and flu fighter. Good for aches and pain relief. Promotes wound healing. Remedy for acid indigestion, heartburn, and cramps. Extracts may be helpful in treating inflammatory bowel disease. Cinnamaldehyde, a compound found in cinnamon, can inhibit the formation of mast cells, which may be helpful for allergy sufferers. Helps lower blood pressure and dilate blood vessels. Protects the liver against alcoholic poisoning. Reduces yeast and other fungal infections such as athlete's foot. Cinnamon oil can be used as an alternative food preservative. Can be used in a vaginal douche. Great antiseptic mouthwash. Cinnamon is an effective insect repellent and insecticide. Cinnamon bark oil has shown some effectiveness against human head lice. Breath freshener. Used in some perfumes. True cinnamon (C. verum) essential oils may be helpful in the treatment of trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease).

 

 

CINQUEFOIL

Treats sore throat, tonsillitis, and gum inflammation.

 

CITRIN

SEE: MALABAR TAMARIND

 

CITRON

As a syrup from the fruit juice, can be an effective treatment for lessening the pain intensity and duration of attacks in migraine headache sufferers.

 

 

CITRUS

The essential oil, limonene, which is present in oranges and other citrus fruit (especially in the peels), has been shown in studies to inhibit the growth of cancerous tumors. Indeed, citrus fruits have been shown to afford protection against some cancers (e.g. oral, stomach, bladder, and colorectal). Limonene will also lower cholesterol and help dissolve gallstones. Teeth brushed with equal parts of grapefruit, lemon, and lime juices may keep them pearly white. Used in hair permanents. Lemon-lime juice and chamomile cream have been used to treat aching feet. Tea made from peel gratings has been used for intestinal gas problems. Peel extracts have been used to promote wound healing in diabetics. Peel extracts have also shown an ability to inhibit the growth of pathogenic bacteria (e.g. E. coli).

SEE ALSO: SPECIFIC CITRUS

 

CIWUJIA      

Treatment for sore lower back and knee problems. Fatigue fighter and energy booster.

 

CLAM

Anti-inflammatory. Good protein and calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. High in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Very rich in iron that vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Clams are one of the richest known sources of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Freshwater clam extracts have been shown to protect the liver against chemical poisonings. Used in hepatitis treatments. Clams are also used as bioindicators of environmental pollution. Freshwater clam extracts have been used to improve the healing of wounds. Clams are high in cholesterol. Clams should only be eaten fully cooked. Consumption of partially cooked or raw oysters can result in gastroenteritis due to the presence of viruses, or blood poisoning and death in sensitive individuals due to bacterial infection. Canned clams are safe to eat because the canning process destroys any microorganisms that may be present.

 

 

CLARY SAGE

SEE: SAGE

 

CLEAVERS

Tones and stimulates the lymphatic system. Diuretic. Treats urinary tract problems. Mild tonic for the kidneys. Promotes a calming effect on epileptics. Excellent wash for the skin. Tightens loose skin.

 

CLEMATIS

SEE: BUTTERCUP

 

CLOVE

Among the richest spices in antioxidants. Potent antibacterial. Antiviral. Antifungal. Analgesic. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Shown to inhibit cataract formation in diabetics. Oil of cloves is used to treat toothaches, sore gums, and nausea. Clove extracts have shown promise against dental caries and plaque. Clove oil is rich in eugenol, a compound that has shown promise as a cancer cell inhibitor, and in the treatment of insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis. Neuroprotective. Oil can enhance learning and memory. Clove oil may also be helpful in the treatment of asthma, seizures, and epilepsy. Mild anesthetic. Antiseptic. Effective mouthwash. Digestive aid. Breath freshener. Helps curb craving for alcohol. Mild support for the female reproductive system.

 

CLOVER

SEE: RED CLOVER

 

CLUB MOSS

Treatment for skin problems such as eczema and erysipelas.

 

 

CNIDIUM

Asian herb is used topically to treat severe itching in eczema patients. Antibacterial. Astringent.

 

 

COCA

Base for cocaine and cola beverages. Powerful anesthetic. Used surgically to constrict blood vessels and lessen pain. Headache and toothache reliever. Nervous system stimulant. Helps to numb the effects of cold weather. Coca leaves are not addictive, are high in calcium, and help offset altitude sickness. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Leaves are also used to relieve thirst and hunger pains. Coca syrups and ointments treat digestive problems, rheumatism, and hemorrhoids. Cocaine is the alkaloid extracted from the coca leaf that is highly addictive and has severe physical and mental side effects. Cocaine is toxic to the cardiovascular system and can cause humans and other mammals to become anorexic.

 

 

COCKLEBUR

Anti-inflammatory. Leaf extracts treat rheumatoid arthritis.

 

COCOA

SEE: CHOCOLATE

 

 

COCONUT

Young green coconut juice can help lower blood sugar levels. Coconut water is high in antioxidants, can lower blood sugar levels and blood pressure, reduce both LDL and total cholesterol, and increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Coconut water also increases the body’s supply of arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Conversely, coconut oil will increase both LDL and total cholesterol and decrease beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Unrefined (virgin) coconut oil can lower blood pressure levels, and may be helpful in the treatment of nicotine dependence. Coconut oil may also be helpful in the treatment of convulsions and epileptic seizures. Root extracts may be helpful in the treatment of urinary tract infections. Coconut milk and oils are also good ulcer inhibitors. Coconut flour is a good source of fiber, which helps increase elimination. The fresh juice is anti-inflammatory, and can be used as an eyewash to treat cataracts. Soaked shells are used as a treatment for fungal infections such as jock itch, vaginitis, athlete's foot, and fingernail fungus. Coconut husk is a diuretic. Coconut husk fiber may be protective against organ damage side effects caused by chemotherapy treatment. Coconut husk fiber has also shown anti-malarial activity. Externally, both fresh coconut juice and coconut oil can be used to treat wounds and heal burns. Coconut oil and meat is high in saturated fat which can contribute to atherosclerosis. The long-term consumption of virgin coconut oil by pregnant women is not recommended.

 

 

COD

Cod is a good protein source. Cod is rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Cod liver oil is rich in Vitamin A which helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Cod liver oil is also one of the richest food sources of Vitamin D which is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. The oil is anti-inflammatory, and is a remedy for rheumatism and gout. The oil has also been shown to protect the liver against chemical attack. Oil supplements may be helpful in the prevention of diabetes. Cod liver oil is also an ulcer healer and inhibitor. Cod is high in cholesterol.

 

 

CODONOPSIS

Vine from the bellflower. Used in Chinese medicine to improve digestion and metabolism. Helps restore respiratory function. Memory enhancer. Immune system strengthener. Good substitute for ginseng.

 

COFFEE

Coffee, regardless of how it is prepared, is actually high in antioxidants. Dark roasted coffees are higher in antioxidants than other brewed coffees. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Stimulant. Reduces stress and tension. Appetite suppressant. Coffee grounds make a good body rub. Excellent enemas for removing toxins from the system and for treatment of chronic diseases. Possible colon, prostate, gastric, and liver cancer preventative. Helps break up mucous congestion in the chest. Promotes headache relief (caffeine constricts blood vessels in the head). Caffeine also promotes the burning of fat, and stimulates the colon. Coffee may help reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s diseases. Brews prepared from roasted beans seem to be helpful in preventing excessive bacterial buildup in the mouth which can lead to tooth decay. Coffee has been shown to strengthen gallbladder contractions, expelling stones so they don’t get stuck in gallbladder ducts. Liver protector. Black coffee has also been shown to reduce mercury absorption from contaminated fish. Coffee may be helpful for alcoholics by providing some chemical protection against cirrhosis of the liver. Studies indicate that there is a significant inverse (positive) association between coffee consumption and risk of bladder cancer. Some studies suggest that decaffeinated coffee may be helpful to diabetics by lowering lower blood sugar (caffeine has the opposite effect). Heavy consumption (≥ 6 cups daily) may actually reduce hypertension and your risk of acquiring endometrial cancer and type 2 diabetes. Consuming coffee has also been shown to reduce the rate of cognitive decline in older men. Coffee may also be helpful in preventing retinal degeneration. Excessive caffeine in coffee can cause insomnia, and make you lose too much water and potentially stress the kidneys. Other possible negative chronic health effects from heavy coffee consumption include irritability, jitters, increased blood pressure, heart palpitations, an increased risk of a sudden heart attack, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer (men only), subarachnoid hemorrhage, birth defects, acid reflux, higher serum cholesterol levels, increased rates of bone loss, and hypoglycemia. Additionally, pregnant women may increase their risk of a miscarriage, low-birth-weight baby, spontaneous abortion, or stillbirth with high levels of coffee consumption. Pregnant women, or those with postmenopausal problems, should avoid excessive consumption of coffee because of its interference with oral contraceptives or postmenopausal hormones.  Be aware that any consumption of certain unfiltered coffees such as espresso has been shown to raise serum cholesterol levels. Caffeinated coffee is also not recommended if you have glaucoma or suffer from ocular hypertension.

 

COHOSH

 

SEE: BLACK COHOSH and BLUE COHOSH

 

COLLARDS

Can protect against breast, colon, prostate, and stomach cancer. Lowers cholesterol. Increases elimination. Very high in Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Rich calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Collards are also rich in lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage.

 

COLLODIAL SILVER

Antibiotic. Good for treatment of eye infections such as conjunctivitis (liquid supplement).

 

COLTSFOOT

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Treats respiratory ailments including tuberculosis, asthma, bronchitis, influenza, colds, spasmodic coughs, sore throat, tonsillitis, and other lung problems. Helpful for neurodegenerative disorders associated with inflammation. Reduces chest phlegm. Soothes mucous membranes. Can be used as a poultice for relief of chest congestion. Smoked leaves are used as a tobacco substitute. Flowers contain toxic alkaloids and should not be consumed. Not recommended for pregnant or nursing women.

 

COMFREY

Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Contains allantoin, a proven skin and wound healer that promotes the growth of connective tissue. Allantoin may also be helpful in the treatment of hypertension. Cancer cell inhibitor. Reduces cancerous tumors. Aids in the healing of muscle sprains, back pain, painful joints, and broken bones. Treatment for back pain and osteoarthritis. Heals cuts, scrapes, bumps, bruises, wounds, and ulcers. Treats athlete's foot, eczema, psoriasis, venous leg ulcers, and insect bites. Do not use internally. Not recommended for children, pregnant women, or for daily or long-term use. Side effects include irreversible liver damage.  Some deaths have been reported.    

 

CONEFLOWER

SEE: ECHINACEA

 

COPTIS

Contains berberine, a potent antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory, which is used to treat intestinal and parasitic infections including malaria, trypanosomiasis, trachoma, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, and cholera. Berberine lowers cholesterol, burns fat, and also helps lower blood sugar levels in diabetics. Berberine is neuroprotective, and has also shown an ability to inhibit the growth of cancerous cells. Berberine treats liver fibrosis, and can also protect the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Antibiotic. Good for treating sinus congestion. Thins mucous. Good alternative to goldenseal. Do not exceed the recommended dosage of berberine. Berberine is not recommended for pregnant women.

 

 

CORIANDER

Antioxidant. Antimicrobial. Antiseptic. Analgesic. Anti-inflammatory. Potent antibacterial. Antifungal. Leaves contain dodecenal, a compound that has been shown to treat Salmonella food poisonings. Digestive aid. Diuretic. Lowers blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Helps to eliminate genital odors. High in folic acid (Vitamin B9) which is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Seed oil lowers cholesterol. Extracts can reduce anxiety and stress, help prolong sleep, and may be helpful in the treatment of depression. Protects the liver and heart against chemical attack. Extracts also protect the blood, liver, and kidneys from toxic lead exposure. Gastroprotective. Neuroprotective. May be helpful in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Leaf extracts treat Hepatitis A and arthritis. Ulcer inhibitor. Root extracts have anticancer properties. Tea is used as a treatment for indigestion, flatulence, bloating, and cramps. Coriander has been used topically to treat skin lesions and heal itchy rashes. Breath freshener. Oil and seeds are widely used as flavoring agents in many foods. The fresh green herb is called cilantro which is used in salads, soups, and salsa sauces. Use sparingly as some studies have indicated that leaf extracts may be harmful to cells at high concentrations.

 

 

CORN

High in antioxidants. Reduces blood sugar. Corn oil can help reduce total and LDL cholesterol levels. Can protect against breast, colon, and prostate cancer. Corn oil is ranked among the highest sources of Vitamin E compared to other plant oils. Vitamin E helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Treats disorders of the urinary tract. Helps prevent heart disease. High in fiber, which helps increase elimination. High in carotenoids which can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Can be eaten safely by those who are gluten intolerant (i.e. those who have celiac disease). Purple corn is high in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Used in Chinese medicine to treat liver disorders. Corn (especially cornmeal) is a good source of lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Cornmeal can also be used as a great facial. Cornflakes are actually pretty rich in antioxidants. Corn tortillas are a good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Corn silk lowers blood sugar levels by increasing insulin. Corn silk is a good diuretic, treats urinary tract infections and prostate problems, can relieve bladder pain, is helpful for the obese, and may help prevent hair loss. Corn silk tea helps treat weak kidneys and kidney stones, cystitis, pyelitis, and other kidney and bladder infections. Corn silk is also a cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. prostate). Corn grits are good for kidney problems. Cornstarch is used for diaper rash, poison ivy, insect bites and stings, and traveler's diarrhea. Corn oil has been used as a dandruff remedy and in poultices to treat boils and burns. Corn oil can also reduce total cholesterol levels. Corncob tea is used to treat abdominal swelling, edemas, and gout. Popcorn can be a good laxative for some people.



CORNFLOWER

SEE: BLUEBOTTLE

 

CORYDALIS

Root tinctures treat trembling, palsy, and Parkinson's disease. Heart tonic.



COSMOS

Antioxidant. Diuretic. Leaf extracts are helpful for the obese, and can help lower blood pressure and cholesterol. May be helpful in the treatment of diabetes.

 

COTTON

Antiviral. Cottonseed oil can lower cholesterol levels. Cotton root bark tea has been used as a natural abortive for treating delayed menstruation, and for promoting uterine contractions in expectant mothers. Used as a hemostat to stop bleeding. Treats influenza and herpes infections. Gossypol, a male contraceptive drug extracted from cottonseeds, is also a cancer cell inhibitor.
         

 

COUCH GRASS

Strong diuretic. Antibiotic. Antibacterial. Treats painful, bloody, and frequent urination problems. Excellent for kidney, bladder, and other urinary tract disorders.

 

COUSCOUS

SEE: MILLET

 

COWSLIP

Analgesic. Provides a sedating effect on the nervous system. Helps promote sleep.

 

 

CRAB

Crab is a good source of protein and is low in fat. Very rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Crabs are also among the richest sources of Vitamin B12, which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Crabs are rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Rich in zinc which is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Interestingly, powders made from crab shells can actually lower total serum cholesterol, triglycerides, and harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Crab meat is high in cholesterol. Crab is also high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Crabs should only be eaten fully cooked. Consumption of partially cooked or raw crabs can result in gastroenteritis and diarrhea in individuals due to bacterial infection.



CRAMP BARK

Antispasmodic. Relieves cramps and spasms of all kinds. Stimulates and relaxes the uterus. Strengthens heart muscle contractions. Popular mumps remedy.

 

CRANBERRY

Among the highest of fruits in antioxidants. Potent antibiotic. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Anti-inflammatory. Juice is an effective treatment for bladder and urinary tract infections. Keeps kidneys clean. Dissolves kidney stones. Reduces gastric inflammation. Hepatoprotective. Lowers blood pressure. Lowers triglycerides, total serum cholesterol and harmful LDL, and raises beneficial HDL levels. Inhibits tumor and ulcer formation. Major cancer cell inhibitor. Extracts and juice are cardioprotective. High in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Helpful for the obese. Cranberries are rich in ellagic acid, which is thought to be responsible for the anti-cancer effect. Ellagic acid, a neuroprotective and gastroprotective compound, has also shown some anti-malarial and anti-epileptic properties. Cranberries contain acid-inhibiting compounds that have been shown to reduce dental caries. Cranberries are also rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage.

 

 

CRAYFISH

Crayfish are a good source of protein and are low in fat. Good source of selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Crayfish are rich in Vitamin B12, which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Crayfish are also rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Crayfish are very high in cholesterol. Crayfish should only be eaten fully cooked. Consumption of partially cooked or raw crayfish can result in gastroenteritis and diarrhea in individuals due to bacterial infection. Occasionally, it can also result in infection with lung flukes (paragonimiasis).

 

 

CREOSOTE BUSH

SEE: CHAPARRAL

 

CRESS

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Sedative. Seeds have shown anti-asthmatic activity. Can protect against breast, colon, and stomach cancer. Garden cress is rich in carotenoids such as lutein which accumulate in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Extracts can lower blood sugar levels and cholesterol. The seed powder has been used in the treatment of respiratory disorders such as bronchial asthma. The seed powder may also protect the heart against the cardiotoxic side effects of chemotherapy treatments used to treat tumors. Seed extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Treats abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Diuretic.

 

 

CROTON

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Lowers blood sugar levels. Reduces fevers. Latex is used to heal wounds. Ulcer and tumor inhibitor. Anticonvulsant. Extracts have also shown promise in the treatment of viper toxins and as mosquito larvicides. Leaf extracts have also shown anti-malarial activity. Root extracts may be helpful in treating benign prostatic hyperplasia.


 

CUBEB

Anti-inflammatory. Berries are used as an expectorant for reducing allergy symptoms.

 

CUCUMBER

Seeds are high in antioxidants. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Anti-ulcer. Seeds lower cholesterol. Fruit extracts can help lower blood sugar levels, and have been used in the treatment of ulcerative colitis. Relieves tired, inflamed eyes. Remedy for wasp stings. Soothes burns and aching feet. Wrinkle remover. Nature's "chap stick". Often fermented in salt or vinegar solutions as pickles.



CUMIN

.

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Analgesic. Neuroprotective. Extracts may be helpful in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Cumin seed powder may be helpful in the treatment of halitosis. Also treats indigestion and diarrhea. Lowers blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Seeds are used as a food flavoring agent.

 

 

 

 

CURARE

Used to paralyze patients' muscles during surgery.

 

CURRANTS

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Strong antiseptic. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Treats skin cancer, yeast infections, whooping cough, herpes, and multiple sclerosis. Antidote for food poisoning due to meat. Black currants contain gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which relieves symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, and helps improve inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis. Cancer cell inhibitor. Black currant juice may be helpful in the treatment of stones of the urinary tract. Red currants are high in antioxidants. Currants are also rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Black currants contain quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Relieves PMS-induced problems including migraines and cramps. Strengthens heart and improves circulation. Juice reduces hypertension and arthritic inflammations. Used to treat muscular paralysis due to electric shock. 

 

CURRY TREE

Curry leaf. Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Contains natural salicylates (aspirin). Treats insect bites and stings. Good for aches and pain relief. Anti-arthritis food. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Lowers blood sugar levels in diabetics. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Frying meats in curry leaves has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Protects the liver and the heart against chemical attack. Neuroprotective. May be helpful in slowing age-related cognitive decline. Leaf extracts treat diarrhea, and have also shown promise in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. May also be helpful in the treatment of orofacial dyskinesia. Curry powders contain blends of various herbs such as cumin and turmeric, but are lower in curcumin than turmeric powder alone. Curcumin is one of the most potent anti-inflammatory substances known.


 
D

 

 

 

 

DAFFODIL

A poultice of grated bulbs or mashed roots can treat herpes sores, ulcers, boils, wounds, abscesses, and tendonitis by absorbing excruciating pain and soreness. All parts and especially the bulbs are highly toxic and should not be consumed.

 

 

DAISY

Treats gout, arthritis, liver, and bladder inflammations. Used as an enema to treat intestinal inflammations such as colitis and diverticulitis. Heals any kind of internal burstings such as hernias and appendicitis. Flower extracts are used topically to treat and heal wounds.

 

 

DAMIANA

Used for minor pain relief, fatigue, and anxiety. Aphrodisiac. Stimulates the genitourinary tract. Treats premature ejaculation in men. Helps sexual impotency and fertility for both sexes. Strengthens reproductive organs. Helps treat PMS and symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. breast).

 

 

 

DANDELION

Extremely nutritious. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral. Rich in calcium, potassium, beta-carotene, iron, and Vitamins A and C. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Potassium helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Raw dandelions are one of the richest sources of carotenoids such as lutein which accumulate in the retina.  Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Enhances the ability of the body to absorb and assimilate iron. Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Promotes bile secretion. Improves gall bladder function and helps remove gallstones. Mild tonic for the kidneys. Protects the brain from lead exposure and chemical attack. Tumor inhibitor. Liver cleanser and detoxifier. Treats liver ailments including hepatitis, cirrhosis, jaundice, liver congestion, liver inflammation, liver enlargement, fatty liver disease, and general toxicity. Also protects the liver against chemical attack. Dandelion greens are rich in Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Root is high in insulin (sugar substitute for diabetics). Extracts are helpful for the obese. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Digestive aid. Relieves hangovers. Diuretic. Improves night vision. Reduces fever of childhood infections. Treatment for sore breasts, breast tumors and cysts, swollen lymph glands, fibrocystic breast disease, gout and chronic arthritis. Used in combination with other herbs to treat chronic colitis. Floral extracts are cancer cell inhibitors. Skin cancer preventative. Root extracts have also shown an ability to break down skin melanomas. Extracts have also shown promise as both a yellow fever and an HIV virus inhibitor. Treats depression. Tea used for treating hypertension and a weak heart. The fresh white latex in stems removes warts and reduces liver spots. Roasted roots are used as a coffee substitute. Not recommended for pregnant women or for long-term use.

 

 

DATES

Good source of antioxidants. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. High in potassium which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. High in fiber which helps increase elimination. Excellent laxative. Dates contain pectin that encourages the growth of beneficial bacteria in the large intestine, and also helps lower cholesterol and bind up toxins (e.g. lead) in the body for removal. Good for upset stomach. Reduces heartburn. Helpful in the treatment of gastric ulcers. Anti-tumor. Lowers triglyceride levels, blood sugar levels, and cholesterol. Dates contain natural fluorine that is helpful in preventing tooth decay. Dates also contain selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Extracts can protect the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Date seed extracts are neuroprotective. Date fruits may be helpful in reducing the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. Fruit and extracts have shown promise in the treatment of insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis. Date seed oil has shown an ability to protect against and repair skin damage.

 

 

DEADLY NIGHTSHADE

Used as an emetic to induce vomiting. Taken internally to treat tuberculosis and to expel parasites and worms. Used topically as a remedy for burns, itching, hemorrhoids, and arthritis. The leaves and berries are extremely poisonous and should not be ingested except under strict medical supervision. Extreme care should be taken when using this highly toxic herb.

 

DEVIL'S CLAW

South African herb. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Strong antioxidant. Lowers cholesterol. Helps lower blood sugar levels of diabetics. Remedy for osteoarthritis, rheumatism, irritable bowel syndrome, and lower back pain. Tea treats muscular pain and stiffness, inflammation, indigestion, and fever. Ointment treats boils, sores, and ulcers. Improves mobility. Some studies suggest that root extracts from this plant have shown anti-malarial activity. Not recommended for internal use by children, pregnant or nursing mothers, or by individuals who have ulcers or gallstones. Should not be taken with blood-thinning medications.

 

DEVIL'S CLUB

Extracts contain compounds that are tumor and cancer cell inhibitors. Root extracts may be helpful in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia.

 

 

 

DEVIL'S DUNG

SEE: ASAFOETIDA

 

 

DEVIL'S HORSEWHIP

Asian herb. Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Anti-ulcer. Anti-anxiety. Analgesic. Lowers blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Tonic for the pancreas. Protects the kidney against chemical attack. Gastroprotective. Shown to elevate levels of the thyroid hormone which helps regulate metabolic processes in the body. Leaf extracts have been used in the treatment of cataracts. Leaf extracts have also been used topically to treat burns and wounds.



DIGITALIS

SEE: FOXGLOVE

 

DILL

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood sugar levels. Helpful for diabetics. Also lowers triglyceride levels and cholesterol. Dill seed oil is an effective aflatoxin inhibitor. Seeds are high in calcium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Dill weed is high in Vitamin B6 which is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Dill oil protects the liver against chemical attack. Leaf extracts treat epileptic seizures and convulsions. Dill may also be helpful in improving memory and cognition. Contains natural salicylates (aspirin). Good for aches and pain relief. Sleep aid. Anti-ulcer. Tea used as a remedy for children's colic and for stimulating breast milk in mothers. Digestive aid. Seeds can be used to stop bad breath. Dill seed oil can also be used topically for chapped hands and split nails.

 

 

DOGWOOD

Bark used as a substitute for quinine in treating malarial fevers and infections. Bark compounds have also shown promise in the treatment of leishmaniasis. Fruit extracts may help lower blood sugar and protect organs such as the pancreas and kidney against damage due to diabetes.

 

 

DONG QUAI

SEE: ANGELICA

 

 

DRIED FRUIT

Dried fruits are a healthy concentrated form of fresh fruits. Fatigue fighters. Helpful for the obese. Also helps lower blood pressure levels.

SEE ALSO: SPECIFIC FRUITS



DULSE

SEE: SEAWEED


 
E

 

 

 

 

ECHINACEA

Antibiotic. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Anti-inflammatory. Anti-aging. Analgesic. Good preventative for treating colds, flu, sinus congestion, asthma, and headaches. Effective against herpes influenza. Immune system activator and booster. Relieves ear pain. Treats upper respiratory tract, strep throat, and glandular infections. Cleanses stomach. Protects liver against chemical attack. Expels poisons and toxins. Cures eye sties. Tonic for lymphatic and reproductive systems. Yeast killer. Reduces tumors. Cancer cell inhibitor. Protect cells against DNA damage from radiation exposure and leukemia. Treatment for leishmaniasis and AIDS. Increases production of interferon in the body. Juice used as a preventative against lengthy inflammation. Many diseases from tuberculosis and tonsillitis to meningitis and syphilis have been treated with this herb. Shown to inhibit the destruction of collagen, which helps keep skin elastic. May be helpful in the treatment of acne. Used topically to treat minor cuts, scratches, wounds, abscesses, burns, insect bites, and varicose ulcers. Chewing echinacea root can help lower nicotine cravings. Some individuals may also be allergically sensitive to echinacea. Echinacea may cause temporary tongue tingling or numbing which is harmless. Not recommended for long-term use since immune system suppression can occur over time. Should be avoided if you have an autoimmune disease such as multiple sclerosis, or if you are taking immunosuppressive drugs or anabolic steroids.

 

 

ECLIPTA

Indian herb is one of the best treatments for liver disease, gallbladder problems, and infectious hepatitis.

 

 

EEL

Good protein source. Good source of Vitamin A which helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. High in Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. High in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids that help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Rich source of Vitamin D which is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Anti-inflammatory. May protect the heart against sudden attack. Fish oil may help maintain insulin levels in diabetics and improve breathing in asthma sufferers. Also treats acute respiratory distress syndrome, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, and dysmennorrhea. Eels are high in fat and cholesterol. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, but not recommended if you have gout. 

 

 

EGG

Good protein source. Eggs are also a good source of Vitamins A, B12, D, and E. Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Vitamin E helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Eggs are rich in zinc which is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Egg yolks are rich in carotenoids such as lutein which accumulate in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Egg yolks are also rich in iron that vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Good source of Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Egg yolks are a good source of Vitamin D which is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Egg yolks are also a good source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Egg whites can help lower blood pressure, are anti-inflammatory, and can help treat inflammatory bowel diseases. Egg whites are also rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Eggshells have been used to remove lead from energy drinks. Heavy egg yolk consumption can raise blood serum cholesterol levels and increase your risk of developing arterial plaques and coronary heart disease. Some individuals may also be allergically sensitive to eggs. Eggs should always be cooked thoroughly and never eaten raw to avoid the potential risk of infection with bacterial organisms such as Salmonella.

 

 

 

EGGPLANT

Antioxidant. Analgesic. Anti-inflammatory. Antimicrobial. Egg plant peels contain anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Calyx tea is used to treat berry and mushroom poisonings, smoker's hacking coughs, and alcoholism. Shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Reduces fevers. Helps relieve abdominal pain. Powdered eggplant is used for toothaches and gum disease. Extracts from flower stems have also been used in mouthwashes to treat periodontal diseases. Treats nosebleeds and bleeding ulcers. Keep in mind that some members of the nightshade family, which includes tomatoes, eggplants, peppers, and potatoes, have been known to provoke allergic reactions in some sensitive individuals when consumed in sufficient quantities.

 

ELDER

Rich in antioxidants. Diaphoretic. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Anticonvulsant. May be helpful in treating epilepsy. Used in internal cleansings to increase the body's ability to sweat out toxins. Helpful for diabetics. Elderberry extracts have been used to treat human influenza (H1N1) and HIV infections. Helps promote the discharge of mucous from the body. Reduces phlegm in the treatment of colds and influenza. Helps reduce length and severity of common cold symptoms in air travelers. Elderberry is used as a tonic for coughs, sore throats, and lung irritations. Treats smoker's cough and second-hand smoke inhalation. Fresh elderberry juice is a strong purgative and an excellent treatment for constipation. Contain palmitates, compounds that are anti-inflammatory and sedating. Juice is also rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Juice combined with boiled honey makes a good ointment for burns. Bark tea is used as an eyewash, diuretic, laxative, and to induce vomiting. Juice combined with salt has been used in a poultice to treat migraine headaches. Possible anti-cancer properties. The fresh plant contains poisonous cyanogenic glycosides and should not be consumed (cooked berries are harmless).  Some people are allergically sensitive to elder.

 

 

ELECAMPANE

Antibacterial. Root tea used as an expectorant for reducing allergy symptoms and for treating asthma, bronchitis, chest colds, tuberculosis, and pneumonia. Helps reduce lung inflammation and loosen phlegm. Diuretic. Anti-yeast herb.

 

 

ELEPHANT GRASS

Tea treats erysipelas. Helps reduce seizures in epileptics. Used to clean out old, festering wounds and sores. Inhibits gangrene. Used internally and externally to treat leprosy.

 

 

ELEUTHERO



SEE: GINSENG

 

ELM



SEE: SLIPPERY ELM

 
EMBLICA

Fruit used as a digestive stimulant. Treats chronic constipation. Helps relieve hemorrhoids, gastritis, diarrhea, colitis, and dysentery.

 

 

ENDIVE

SEE: CHICORY

 

 

EPHEDRA

Stimulant. Anti-inflammatory. Appetite suppressant. Treatment for hay fever, asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. One of the best bronchodilators. Decongestant. Helps open constricted bronchial passages and relieve coughs. Found in some cough medicines. Contains ephedrine, a powerful nervous system stimulant that can cause side effects such as insomnia, irritability, anxiety, vertigo, heart arrhythmia, and high blood pressure. The development of kidney stones has also been associated with the use of ephedrine. Should not be used by pregnant or lactating women, or those with hypertension, diabetes, heart, prostate or thyroid disease, insomniacs, or people taking antidepressants, or any prescription drug. Not recommended for anyone under 18 years old. Should not be combined with other decongestants which may contain ephedrine. Avoid caffeinated products such as coffee, tea, or cola when using ephedra. Ephedra is not recommended for use in weight loss programs. In large amounts, can cause heart attacks and strokes. Extreme caution should be used when taking this herb.

SEE ALSO: BRIGHAM TEA

 

 

ERGOT

Used in terminal stages of pregnancy to stimulate contractions of the uterus during labor. Helps speed delivery. Constricts blood vessels of the endometrium, which prevents hemorrhaging that often accompanies childbirth. Ergot derivatives are used to treat migraines. Not recommended for daily or long-term use.

 

ESCAROLE

SEE: CHICORY and BITTERS

 

 

EUCALYPTUS

Antiviral. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Analgesic. Anti-inflammatory. Antioxidant. Decongestant. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Inhaled, used in cough drops, or as a chest rub, relieves colds, fevers, sore throats, nasal, and lung congestion. Treats chronic bronchitis, asthma, and tuberculosis. Remedy for pressure-induced altitudinal ear and sinus pain. Breath freshener. Topical antiseptic. Eucalyptus oil has been used to treat gum infections, stomach disorders, liver and bladder infections, wounds, and sores. Eucalyptus oil has also shown promise in the treatment of skin disorders such as acne. Treats gastrointestinal problems. Ulcer and tumor inhibitor. Heavy consumption of eucalyptus extracts has been associated with fever, headache, and meningitis in some individuals.

 

 

EVENING PRIMROSE

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Anticoagulant. Oil relieves PMS-induced conditions such as irritability, tender breasts, night sweats, and bloating. Used in combination with Vitamin E to treat cyclical mastalgia. Contains high concentrations of gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which relieves symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, and helps improve inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis. Reduces skin lesions and itching. Treats scleroderma. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Helps treat schizophrenia and chronic disorders such as heart disease, cancer, hypertension, allergies, asthma, obesity, and menopause. Lowers blood pressure. May be helpful for diabetics. Also helps relieve symptoms of fibromyalgia. Do not exceed the recommended daily dosage of evening primrose.

 

 

EVERLASTING

Used as a natural hemostat to stop bleeding. Treats bruises, minor cuts and lacerations.

 

 

 

EYEBRIGHT

Excellent for weak eyesight, inflammation, and conjunctivitis. Reduces blood sugar levels in diabetics. Helps benefit allergy sufferers by drying excessive nasal secretions.


 

F

 

 

 

 

 

FALSE DAISY

 

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Analgesic. Antimicrobial. Diuretic.  Lowers blood sugar levels, blood pressure, total cholesterol, and triglycerides. Extracts are anticonvulsant and neuroprotective. Extracts also improve memory and cognitive impairment. Muscle relaxant. Extracts may also be helpful in the treatment of severe allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis. Gastroprotective. Anti-ulcer. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Protects the liver and kidneys against chemical attack.

 

 

 

FALSE UNICORN

Strengthens and tones the female reproductive system. Treats painful menstruation, female infertility and menstrual irregularities. Eases ovarian pain. Diuretic. Can be used as a tonic after hysterectomy and for symptoms of menopause.

 

 

 

FENNEL

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Good for soothing stomach. Treats infantile colic, gas, cramps, spasms, allergies, and gout. Fat fighter. Used as an eyewash. Cleanses and protects the liver. Shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Exhibits estrogenic activity. Treats uterine pain during menstruation (dysmenorrhea). Anti-ulcer. Fennel oil protects the liver against chemical attack. Protects against alcohol or chemically-induced gastric lesions. Provides mild support of the reproductive system. Breath sweetener. Loosens bronchial secretions. Stimulates milk flow in mothers. Treats anxiety and stress, and also helps calm hyperactive children. Stimulates appetite. Seeds and tea are used for flatulence. Anti-yeast herb. Fennel fruit creams may be helpful for women with hirsutism. Seed oil helps prevent bone loss. Seed extracts are also cancer cell inhibitors. Fruit extracts show potential in the treatment of neurodegenerative and memory disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease, and dementia. Compounds in fennel oil are antithrombotic. Extracts have also shown an ability to protect cells against DNA damage. Fennel is high in magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Fennel is also used to flavor some liquors. 

 

 

 

FENUGREEK

Strong antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Antibacterial. Lowers blood sugar levels and protects kidneys in diabetics. Lowers blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. Treats allergies, alcoholic poisonings, bronchitis, cataracts, hay fever, tinnitus, sore throats and coughs, digestion, emphysema, anxiety, headaches, migraines, rheumatoid arthritis, fatigue, intestinal inflammations, ulcers, lungs, mucous membranes, and loss of appetite. Digestive aid and laxative. Treats heartburn. Helpful for the obese. Extracts have shown hair growth potential. Treats eczema-related skin inflammation. Cancer cell inhibitor and preventative. Tumor and kidney stone inhibitor. Treats diabetic nephropathy. Controls diarrhea. Treats intestinal diseases such as diverticulitis, colitis, Crohn's disease, and irritable bowel syndrome. Extracts can protect the brain, liver, testes, and kidneys against chemical attack. Seeds have been used in the treatment of aluminum neurotoxicity. Leaf extracts can protect cells against DNA damage, and they have also shown activity against malarial parasites. Fenugreek is very high in chromium, which regulates insulin and helps normalize blood sugar. Tea is used as a blood purifier and cleanser. Studies have shown that three ounces of powder daily may reduce LDL cholesterol levels by 33% in three weeks. Provides mild support of the reproductive system. High in magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Seeds exhibit estrogenic activity which have shown promise in hormone replacement therapies. Seed extracts are also neuroprotective, and may be helpful in the treatment of painful peripheral neuropathy. Used externally as an emollient and wound healer. Not recommended for pregnant women due to its ability to stimulate the uterus.  May reduce testosterone hormone concentration in men. Should not be taken in combination with oral prescription medications or alternate hypoglycemic agents.

 

 

FEVERFEW

Antioxidant. Analgesic. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Used primarily for migraine headache relief. Reduces sensitivity to light and noise, and associated nausea and vomiting. Helps restore normal liver function. Treats osteoarthritis and relieves arthritic pain. Treats fevers, arthritis, allergies, and menstrual disorders. Feverfew is rich in melatonin, which is an excellent treatment for insomnia. Not recommended for pregnant women. Side effects can include mouth sores from chewing the leaves.

 

 

FIG

Anti-inflammatory. High in fiber, potassium and iron. Fiber helps increase elimination. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Potassium helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Relieves sore throat and lungs. Helps keep teeth clean. Good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. High in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Good laxative. Figs help treat chronic constipation. Bark extracts treat inflammatory bowel disease, and can lower blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Helpful for diabetics. Extracts may help improve cognitive and behavioral deficits in Alzheimer’s disease. The leaf extracts of some species (e.g. sacred fig) have been shown to treat asthma. Sacred fig extracts may be helpful in treating some symptoms of Parkinson’s disease such as motor dysfunction. Sacred fig extracts have also shown an ability to protect the brain from oxidative stress caused by Huntington’s disease. High in the anti-cancer compound, benzaldehyde. Extracts have been used to protect the liver and kidneys against chemical poisonings. May reduce tumors and ulcers. Leaf extracts have shown promise in the treatment of malaria. Poultice used for treating arthritis, pulled muscles, sores, and boils. Puree used in facials.   

 

 

FIGWORT

Tones and stimulates the lymphatic system.

 

FILBERT

SEE: HAZELNUT

 

FIR

Balsam fir oil has shown tumor inhibiting properties. Fir extracts may be cardiprotective.

 

FISH

 

High in protein. Consumption of fish and fish oils has been shown to lower blood pressure, reduce cholesterol levels, and lower your risk of age-related macular degeneration, heart attack, stroke, and cardiovascular disease. Some studies also suggest that fish oil is also neuroprotective. Fish intake has also been shown to be associated with a slower cognitive decline in older adults (>65y). Fish oil or high fish consumption can reduce the risk of depression. Diets rich in fresh fish can also lower your risk of developing certain cancers (e.g. breast, colorectal, endometrial, leukemia, and lymphoma). Small fish eaten with the bones can be a good source of calcium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis.

SEE ALSO: SPECIFIC FISH

 

 

FLAX     

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Antifungal. Decongestant. One of the richest sources of omega-3 fatty acids which help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Flax is also a significant source of dietary estrogens. Extracts lower blood sugar levels. Flaxseed oil can reduce total and LDL cholesterol levels and triglycerides. Treats inflammations of the lungs, intestines, liver, and kidneys. Flaxseed oil also helps treat alcoholic liver disease. Flaxseed is rich in iron, which vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Flaxseed is also rich in Vitamin E which helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Also treats breast cysts, constipation, eczema, cyclical mastalgia, and hemorrhoids. Lowers blood pressure due to mental stress. Improves kidney function in those with lupus. Flaxseed oil may be helpful for those with multiple sclerosis. Flaxseed oil is neuroprotective, and has been shown to protect the brain against lead exposure. The oil also protects the kidneys against arsenic exposure. Shown to protect the liver against chemical attack and radiation damage. Shown to inhibit tumor growth. Anti-ulcer. May offer protection against colon, breast, and prostate cancer. Extracts treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. Treats hot flashes and vaginal dryness during menopause. Very effective laxative. Treats constipation, dysentery, and diarrhea. Ground flax has shown hair growth potential. One of the best hand lotions. Linseed (flaxseed) oil, made from the seeds, has been used externally to treat burns and scalds and heal wounds. The oil is used as a treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, but not recommended if you have gout.

 

 

FO-TI

SEE: HE SHOU WU

 

FOXGLOVE

Leaves and seeds are the source for the heart medication, digitalis. Treatment for dropsy and congestive heart failure. Treats chronic heart problems and acute circulatory failure. Increases the force of heart contractions and corrects heart rhythm problems including atrial fibrillation and flutter. Digitalis has also shown anti-cancer and anti-tumor activity. Diuretic. Improves kidney function and relieves edema. Available only by prescription. Extreme care should be taken when using this highly toxic herb.

 

 

FRANKINCENSE

Anti-inflammatory. Treats arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. Also treats inflammatory bowel diseases such as ileitis, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn’s disease. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Oil may be helpful in the treatment of bladder and pancreatic cancers. Combined with cloves and cardamom to improve memory. May provide support for the male reproductive system. May also be protective against memory loss. Used as a fumigant in health care facilities. Also used in perfumes and other fragrances.

 

 

FRINGE TREE

Provides support for the liver and gallbladder. Regulates liver function and increases bile flow.

 

 

FRITILLARY

Chinese herb used in cough syrups to treat bronchitis, hacking coughs, and other respiratory problems.

 

 

FRUITS

 

Some studies suggest that high fruit consumption may be protective against heavy metal exposure (e.g. mercury).

 

SEE ALSO: SPECIFIC FRUITS

 

FUMITORY

Used topically to treat patients with severe psoriasis.

 

 

G

 

 

 

 

GAMBIR

 

Provides liver system support.  Strong antioxidant.  Helps stimulate the immune system.

 

 

 


GAMBOOGE

SEE: BRINDALL_BERRY

 

 

 

GANODERMA

SEE: MUSHROOM

 

GARCINIA KOLA

West African herb. Lowers cholesterol. Some compounds from this tree have been found to be helpful against the Ebola virus. Seed extracts have been used in the treatment of malaria. Extracts protect the liver from mercury, cadmium, and other toxic chemical exposure. Extracts are also neuroprotective, and can protect the brain from chemical attack. Seed extracts have shown potential as a female contraceptive. May also be helpful for asthma sufferers.


GARDEN CRESS         

SEE: CRESS

 

GARDENIA          

SEE: CAPE JASMINE

 

 

GARLIC

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiseptic. Anticoagulant. Anti-inflammatory. Detoxifier. Gastroprotective. Treats gastric ulcers. Digestive aid. Increases libido and semen production. High in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Rich source of iodine, which is necessary to produce thyroid hormone, which regulates the body's energy level, and is essential for fetal and childhood brain development. Garlic powder is high in Vitamin B6 which  is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Garlic enhances the ability of the body to absorb and assimilate iron. Reduces inflammation and cold shivers. Relieves sinus problems. Breaks up chest congestion. Treats bronchitis, hypertension, coughs, athlete’s foot, fungal scalp infections, acne, chicken pox, shingles, cataracts, arthritis, low back pain, gout, and sexually transmitted diseases. Lowers blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, and blood sugar levels. Reduces insulin dependency in diabetics. Blood thinner. Yeast killer. Vaginal douche used for yeast infections. Garlic paste treats oral candidiasis (thrush). Garlic compounds (e.g. allicin) may be helpful in the treatment of oral diseases such as chronic periodontitis. Allicin is the active component of crushed garlic that protects blood vessels, the liver, kidney, and other organs from synthetic drugs, lead, cadmium, mercury, and other heavy metal exposure, chemical pollutants, and radiation. Allicin may also protect against alcoholic fatty liver disease. Protective against radiation damage. Great insect repellent. May be helpful in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Extracts have been used in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Shown to reduce egg and worm load caused by schistosomiasis. Anti-aging. Helpful for the obese. Fatigue fighter. Helps reduce bone cell damage caused by cigarette smoke. Also prevents bone loss. Used raw to treat traveler's diarrhea. Garlic oil may be helpful in strengthening the immune system and reducing the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation treatments. Garlic oil also treats ulcerative colitis, is used for earache relief, and can protect the liver against alcoholic hangovers. Expels intestinal parasites and worms. Juice is used to prevent wounds from becoming infected and for treating major or minor burns. Pulp treats toothaches. Protective against stomach, skin, breast, esophageal, oral, colorectal, uterine, liver, lung, and prostate cancers. Neuroprotective. Memory enhancer. Stimulates the immune system and the repair of damaged DNA. Increases amount of cancer-fighting interferon in the body. The addition of garlic to pan-fried meats has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Reduces risk of heart attack or stroke. Leaf extracts have shown promise in the treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis. Garlic has also been useful in the treatment of many types of drug resistant pathogenic bacteria. Garlic extracts have been shown to reduce cysts, tumors, and other malignancies, and prevent cancer cells from reproducing. Extracts can also protect tissues against nicotine-induced organ damage. Garlic oil may be helpful in treating arsenic-induced skin keratosis. Possible cure for spinal meningitis. Possible AIDS preventative. May be helpful in the treatment of dementia and sickle-cell anemia. Some garlic compounds (e.g. ajoene) have also shown promise in treating leukemia. Some people may be allergically sensitive to garlic. Should not be used in combination with other anticoagulants such as warfarin, aspirin, willow bark, ginkgo, or Vitamin E. May reduce the effectiveness of certain anti-AIDS drugs such as saquinavir. Use garlic in small doses or in moderation as heavy, chronic garlic consumption may be harmful to the stomach, liver, and kidneys.

 

 

GENTIAN

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Strengthens the digestive system and stimulates flow of digestive juices. Appetite stimulant. Treats loss of appetite and flatulence. Provides support for the liver and gallbladder. Not recommended if you have stomach or duodenal ulcers.

SEE ALSO: BITTERS

 

GERANIUM

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Analgesic. Astringent treats diarrhea and hemorrhaging. Styptic for shaving nicks and cuts (stops bleeding on contact). Geranium oil is excellent for treating yeast infections, chapped lips, cold sores, and other skin inflammations. Treatment for hepatitis B virus. Extracts of some geranium species have shown an ability to enhance hair growth and prevent hair loss.

 

 

 

GINGER

Strong antioxidant. Antimicrobial. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Antispasmodic. Fresh (not dried) ginger is antiviral. Stimulates the immune system and appetite. Helpful for diabetics. Lowers blood sugar levels, blood pressure, total and LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. Shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Natural blood thinner and painkiller. Soothes the stomach and helps prevent nausea and vomiting due to pregnancy, seasickness, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and surgery. Ginger ale makes a great thirst quencher, and can be used to treat an upset stomach. Used in powdered form or lozenges, one of the best cures for motion sickness. Prevents bloating and gas. A teaspoon each of grated ginger pulp and lime juice after eating can stop flatulence. Treats morning sickness and dysmenorrhea. Eases menstrual cramps and reduces heavy menstrual bleeding. Treats E. coli induced diarrhea. Good for colds, sore throats, headaches, and toothaches. Inhibits the growth of periodontal bacteria. Treats athlete’s foot. Mix two tablespoons of powdered ginger into a large glass of water for migraine relief within 30 minutes. Can unclog sinuses and clear up lungs. Ginger tea is used to reduce fevers and mucous congestion. Intestinal tonic. Juice mixed with honey treats chronic bronchitis. Heals ulcers and treats ulcerative colitis. Inhibits tumor growth. Cancer cell inhibitor. May be helpful in the treatment of adenocarcinomas and prostate cancer. Ginger compounds (e.g. gingerol), may be helpful in the treatment and symptom relief of allergic rhinitis. Helpful for the obese. Treats anxiety and stress. Treatment for gastrointestinal parasites. Extracts have shown activity against roundworm larvae. May provide pain relief from rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. May be helpful in the treatment of intraocular hypertension and glaucoma. Helps reduce the gastric effects of seafood poisoning. Strengthens the heart and boosts circulation. Shown to improve sexual potency. Liver detoxifier. Protects the liver, kidneys, and in men, the testes and prostate against chemical attack. Treats liver cirrhosis and helps eliminate mercury, lead, and cadmium from the liver. Also protects the liver against alcoholic hangovers and alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Ginger may be helpful in treating xerostomia (mouth dryness), a common side effect of radiation therapy. Ginger extracts have shown an ability to prevent the development of morphine dependence and tolerance in drug withdrawal programs. Gingerol, a compound found in ginger has shown an ability to treat gouty arthritis. Extracts can protect the skin against UV-induced sunlight damage. Shown to protect blood cells against DNA damage, as well as cadmium and lead exposure. Helps reduce symptoms in asthma sufferers. Reduces risk of heart attack or stroke. Neuroprotective. Improves cognition and memory. Also protects against cerebral ischemia. May slow the progression of Alzheimer’s disease. May be helpful in the treatment of acne. Fatigue fighter. Breath freshener. Poultice for general pain and headache relief. Not recommended for individuals with gallbladder problems, or those taking blood thinners. Pregnant women should not use ginger for long-term use. In large doses, may cause side effects such as heartburn. Some individuals may also be allergically sensitive to ginger. Use with caution because ginger can decrease the bioavailability of some immunosuppressant drug therapies (e.g. cyclosporine).                   



 

GINKGO        

Anti-aging herb. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Anticoagulant. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Analgesic. Extracts may help in hearing difficulties and related dizziness due to circulation problems. Helps relieve migraines, neuropathy, neuralgia, tinnitus, asthma, phlebitis, cyclic edemas, vertigo, arthritis, rheumatism, depression, and coldness in the body. Helps prevent acute altitude sickness. Sharpens memory and alertness. Treatment for dyslexia. Kidney and liver protector. Lowers blood pressure. Treats chronic fatigue, osteoporosis, and stress. Increases blood circulation to the heart, brain, and sexual organs. Improves mental performance in the elderly. Good for Alzheimer's disease, dementia, cerebrovascular insufficiency, and senility. Also treats cochlear deafness, senile macular degeneration, gastric ulcers, and liver fibrosis. Helps repair damaged nervous tissue. Neuroprotective. Extracts can protect against hypoxia-induced memory deficits. Cardioprotective. Reduces the risk of stroke and cerebral ischemia. May protect brain and nerves from degeneration in those with multiple sclerosis or Parkinson's disease. Can protect the brain and other organs against heavy metal, chemical, and mercury poisoning. Extracts have been shown to protect organs against radiation damage. Also protects the liver against alcohol damage. May be helpful in the treatment of lung fibrosis, ulcerative colitis, and sickle cell anemia. Improves the health of small blood vessels in the brain, eyes, ears, and limbs. Helps reduce the appearance of varicose veins. Shown to treat hypopigmentation disorders like vitiligo. Treats retinal damage and eyesight problems such as glaucoma, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy. May also be helpful in preventing renal fibrosis and in treating diabetic nephropathy. Helps fight infections. Headache reliever. Promotes wound healing. Natural aphrodisiac. Used to increase sperm count. May be helpful in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Treats Hepatitis A, impotence, and PMS. Ginkgo may help children overcome attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders (ADHD). Extracts contain quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. The compound, ginkgetin, has shown promise in the treatment of insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis and trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). Ginkgetin may also be helpful in the treatment of chronic skin problems such as atopic dermatitis. Ginkgo also contains the compound, kaempferol, which is a cancer cell inhibitor. Ginkgo leaf extracts have shown a protective effect against scorpion envenomations.  Seeds are considered to be toxic and should not be consumed. Possible negative side effects when ginkgo is taken with aspirin. Other side effects include stomachaches, headaches, heartburn, dermatitis, and nausea. Rare blistering skin rashes have occurred in sensitive individuals. Can be toxic in high doses. Not recommended for those on blood thinners, anticoagulants, antidepressants, or who have blood pressure problems, diabetes, heart, liver, kidney disease, or have a personal or family history of seizures or strokes. Also not recommended for pregnant women, or for those who are hypersensitive to cashews, mangoes, or poison ivy.



 

GINSENG

Antioxidant. Considered a better long-term tonic for men. Boosts stamina and enhances performance. Increases energy. Improves concentration. Slows aging. Stress reliever. Strengthens male reproductive organs and adrenal glands. Balances hormones and stimulates their production. Yeast killer. Natural aphrodisiac. Treats male erectile dysfunction. Increases sexual arousal and libido. Increases energy and endurance for physical and mental tasks. Helps regulate symptoms of menopause such as hot flashes. Reduces blood pressure. Lowers cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Fatigue fighter. Helpful for the obese. Neutralizes free radicals. Enhances immune function. Regular use may cause anxiety, headaches, diarrhea, or mild insomnia. Use with caution if you have high blood pressure. Other side effects include breast tenderness and vaginal bleeding.

American ginseng has shown the ability to reduce blood sugar levels, stimulate insulin production, and thus may be beneficial to those with diabetes. Treats diabetic nephropathy. Anti-tumor. Berry extracts have shown anti-cancer properties (e.g. colorectal). Can reduce exercise-induced muscle damage. Also reduces fatigue. Helps improve cold tolerance.

Korean (Asian) (red) ginseng is a strong antioxidant that helps treat depression, hot flashes, alcoholism, anxiety, stress, and fatigue. It has also shown promise as a cancer cell inhibitor and preventative, and as a major tumor suppressor. Helps the body cope with stress. Treats male erectile problems in men. Helps improve sexual function in premenopausal women. Neuroprotective. May help increase cognitive function in those with Alzheimer’s disease. Brain injury protector. Analgesic. Anti-inflammatory. Anti-ulcer. Antiviral. Helpful for allergy sufferers and the obese. Extracts have been used to treat atopic dermatitis, chronic gastritis, and lung infections. Treats cold hypersensitivity in the hands and feet. May be helpful in strengthening the immune system and reducing the side effects of chemotherapy and radiation treatments. May also be helpful in the treatment of cocaine addiction. Protects muscles from exercise injuries. Protects the testes, liver, and kidneys from chemical attack. Lowers blood pressure and helps lower blood sugar levels of diabetics. Extracts have also shown hair growth potential.

Siberian ginseng (eleuthero) treats chronic stress and chronic fatigue. Increases stamina and performance. Immune system booster. Lowers blood sugar levels. Antihistamine. Liver protector. Used to treat those with Parkinson's disease, herpes, Hepatitis A, AIDS, chronic fatigue, autoimmune disorders, and as an anti-radiation treatment for victims of the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Russian doctors also prescribe it for patients undergoing chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Extracts can protect the liver against alcoholic poisonings. Good tonic for the elderly and for those who are convalescing. May interfere with the measurement of heart drug levels if you are taking digoxin.

Tienchi ginseng helps normalize heartbeat rhythm, improve circulation, and relieve fatigue and stress. Extracts can protect the liver against alcoholic poisonings.

Vietnamese ginseng boosts immunity, fights fatigue, lowers cholesterol, and has shown anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, and antifungal activity. Protects the liver against chemical attack.

 

GLADIOLA

Tea treats cold symptoms, dysentery, and diarrhea.

 

GOLDEN ROOT

Similar to ginseng. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Antioxidant. Anticoagulant. Mild sedative. Stress reliever. Reduces fatigue. Treats asthma and allergic dermatitis. Enhances immune function. Increases energy and endurance.

 

GOLDENROD

Anti-inflammatory. Crushed leaves can be used to treat and heal insect bites.

 

 

GOLDENSEAL

Antibiotic. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Contains berberine, a potent antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory, which is used to treat intestinal and parasitic infections including malaria, trypanosomiasis, trachoma, leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, and cholera. Berberine lowers cholesterol, burns fat, and also helps lower blood sugar levels in diabetics. Berberine is neuroprotective, and has also shown an ability to inhibit the growth of cancerous cells. Berberine treats liver fibrosis, and can also protect the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Good for treating sinus congestion and related headaches. Thins mucous. Use sea salt with goldenseal powder for quick relief of nasal congestion. Treats infectious diarrhea. Fights cavities. Helps heal gum disease, bladder infections, vaginal yeast infections, bronchitis, cankers, coughs, colds, earaches, inflammations, mouth sores, and ulcers. Root extracts can lower blood pressure. Used in soaps as an antimicrobial and wound cleanser. Treats eye inflammations. Relieves rash due to poison ivy. Reduces insulin dependency. Part of a drug withdrawal program. Inhibits blood clots. In large doses, goldenseal can over stimulate the nervous system and induce abortions. Not recommended for hypoglycemics, pregnant women, or for long-term use. Do not exceed the recommended dosage of berberine. Berberine is also not recommended for pregnant women.

 

 

GOTU KOLA

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Analgesic. Great tonic for the nervous system. Mild sedative. Stimulates and enhances memory and learning ability. Helps overcome anxiety, stress and fatigue. Increases blood flow and mental activity. Improves mental retardation. Extracts may help prevent cognitive impairment in those who have epilepsy or who use antiepileptic medications. Lowers blood sugar levels. Helpful for diabetics. Accelerates the healing of burns and wounds and decreases swelling. Gastroprotective. Treats mouth and gastric ulcers, periodontal disease, fibrocystic breast disease, canker sores, hemorrhoids, snakebites, lupus, and venous insufficiency. Reduces phlebitis and varicose veins. Extracts may be helpful as skin-whitening agents. Shown to slow the overproduction of skin cells in psoriasis patients. Extracts have been shown to protect the liver against arsenic and other chemical exposures. May be effective in the treatment of tuberculosis and leprosy. Heart protector and strengthener. Similar to fo-ti tien and ginseng. Treats pregnancy-related stretch marks. Shown to reduce cellulite by strengthening connective tissues. Extracts have been used topically to treat wounds and to promote the healing of corneal tissue injuries. Extracts also have moisturizing properties in cosmetic applications. Exercise care when taking this herb since overdosing may cause a narcotic stupor.

 

GOURD

SEE: PUMPKIN

 

 

GRAPE

Red juice has cholesterol-fighting antioxidants (flavenoids). Wine (2 oz. daily) or Concord grape juice consumption has been shown to reduce heart attacks and lower blood pressure. Red wine and purple grape juice have been shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Red wines also have a higher antioxidant level than white wines. Grape juice, red wine, and raisin tea have shown strong antiviral activity. Grape juice is high in chromium, which regulates insulin and helps normalize blood sugar. Grape juice may also be helpful in improving memory and slowing age-related cognitive decline. Leaf extracts lower blood sugar levels in diabetics and protect the liver against chemical attack. Grape seed extracts may also be helpful in reducing damage to pancreatic tissue associated with diabetes. Grapes show anti-cancer activity. Evidence suggests that red wine may inhibit tumor growth in gastric and colon cancers. Red wine and purple juices prevent platelets from sticking to artery walls. Red wine contains quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Grapes have been used to treat muscular paralysis due to electric shock, hypertension, and skin cancer (contains ellagic acid). Ellagic acid, a neuroprotective and gastroprotective compound, has also shown some anti-malarial and anti-epileptic properties. Red wine contains melatonin, which is an excellent treatment for insomnia. Red wine also contains estrogenic compounds. Raisins are high in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Raisins are also rich in iron, which vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Some studies have shown that seedless raisins fight tooth decay by reducing bacterial plaque buildup. Raisins are also a good source of fiber which helps increase elimination. Grape extracts have been shown to inhibit both brain and breast cell DNA damage. The addition of grape seed extracts to pan-fried meats has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Grape seed extracts treat chronic fatigue, improve the health of small blood vessels, are anti-aging, and can protect the body against UV radiation and X-rays. Grape seed extracts are antibacterial, and can significantly lower total serum cholesterol, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Grape seed extracts may be helpful for the obese, and have also been used in the treatment of saw-scaled viper envenomations. Grape seed extracts are cancer cell inhibitors (e.g. bladder, colon), anti-ulcer, can treat inflammatory bowel disease, and can protect the kidneys against chemical attack. Grape powder may help reduce stress-induced anxiety and memory impairment. Grape skin powder has been used to accelerate the healing of wounds. Sherry wines, made from white grapes, have also been shown to lower total cholesterol and raise beneficial HDL levels. Grape consumption may be helpful in preventing retinal degenerative diseases. Grapes contain resveratrol, an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory compound. Resveratrol has been shown to inhibit skin and soft tissue tumors, treat kidney and alcoholic liver disease,  help those suffering from cancer (e.g. cervix, colon, prostate), and treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Resveratrol has shown an ability to lower cholesterol, and to protect the heart, liver, and kidneys against chemical attack. Resveratrol is also anti-diabetic, and has shown the ability to inhibit the development of insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis. Additionally, resveratrol can protect against the harmful side effects of high fructose corn syrup consumption. Purple grapes are also rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins and grape seed procyanidins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Younger wines have higher concentrations of anthocyanins than older wines. Red grapes are high in carotenoids which can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Champagne wines have been shown to be neuroprotective. Wine vinegar (made from red or white wine) is also high in antioxidants. Grape leaves and fruit are helpful for those with allergies. White grape juice and white wines have a lower flavenoid content than red. Wine consumption is associated with a reduced risk for lymphatic cancers such as Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma. Seed extracts are oral and prostate cancer inhibitors. Both red and white wines can help reduce thrombosis. Heavy daily wine consumption may increase your risk of esophageal or laryngeal cancer. Heavy white wine consumption can be corrosive to permanent tooth enamel which can lead to severe dental erosion.

 

 

GRAPEFRUIT

Seed and pulp extracts are among the best antimicrobials. Anti-inflammatory. Concentrated grapefruit juice is among the richest known sources of Vitamin C, which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. High in glutathione, a highly potent antioxidant, which is essential to the function and integrity of the cells, tissues, and organs. Used to treat immunodeficiency diseases like chronic fatigue and candida. Insecticidal. Contains naringenin, a flavenoid that helps expel intestinal parasites and worms. Naringenin has also shown an ability to protect the liver and kidneys against chemical exposure. Juice may protect against malaria infection. Excellent pet dewormer. Excellent yeast killer. Red grapefruit can lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides. Contains quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Strengthens bones. Treats hypertension, gastrointestinal diseases, throat, nose, and ear infections, fungal diseases of the nails and skin, gum inflammations, vaginal infections, and diarrhea. Can be used as a germ-free water treatment in place of chlorination. Seeds treat urinary tract infections. Red or pink grapefruit contains lycopene, a potent antioxidant, which has been found to be protective against heart disease, cataracts, diabetes, and numerous cancers including skin, colorectal, gastric, lung, breast, pancreatic, ovarian, cervical, prostate, liver, and bladder. Lycopene can also protect the liver and kidneys against radiation damage and chemical attack. Lycopene is also an ulcer and tumor inhibitor, and is protective against gastroesophageal reflex disease. Higher serum lycopene levels can also reduce the risk of mortality from metabolic syndrome. Peel gratings have been used to treat indigestion. Peel extracts have been used in cosmetic gels to help reduce blemishes and skin wrinkling. Juice is also used for facials. Grapefruit juice may increase or decrease the potency of other drugs you may be taking such as sedatives, anti-inflammatories, antihelminthics, or blood pressure medicines, so exercise caution and check with your local medical doctor before consumption.  

 

 

GREEN BARLEY

Extremely nutritious. Excellent antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Blood tonifier. Shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Lowers blood sugar levels. Rich source of calcium, iron, and Vitamin C. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Removes fat from arteries and heart valves. Juice has strong anti-inflammatory activity. Anti-tumor. Powdered barley may reduce arthritis and gastric ulcers. Seed extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Sprouts may be helpful in treating alcohol-induced liver injury. Sprouts are also used for bodybuilding and muscle growth. Extracts have been used to degrade pesticides into nontoxic compounds. Treats colitis and chronic sinusitis. Increases bowels. Can be consumed by those who are gluten intolerant (i.e. have celiac disease). Green barley is also rich in fiber which helps increase elimination.



GRIFFONIA

Beans possess serotonin-like properties. Used in nicotine withdrawal programs to help stabilize mood and control obsessive-compulsive behavior.

 

 

GRINDELIA

Anti-inflammatory. Boiled plant parts can be used in a poultice to treat insect bites, burns, inflammations, poison ivy, poison oak, and vaginitis.

 

GROUNDSEL

Helps stimulate menstruation and ease associated pain and cramps. Used by dentists to treat bleeding gums.

 

GUAR GUM

Antioxidant. Laxative. High in fiber which helps increase elimination. Reduces blood sugar and cholesterol. Helpful for the obese. Used in weight loss treatment programs. Treats irritable bowel syndrome. Helps reduce insulin dependency in diabetics. Used as a food stabilizer and thickening agent, and in hand lotions and creams.

 

 

GUARANÁ

Brazilian beverage is very high in caffeine (2½ times greater than coffee). Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Shown to protect the liver against DNA damage. Used as a sexual stimulant. Helps relieve migraine headaches by constricting blood vessels in the head. Helps improve cognitive performance. Used in weight loss programs. Caffeine promotes the burning of fat. Heals gastric lesions. Treatment for chronic diarrhea. Extracts treat fatigue in cancer patients on chemotherapy. Not recommended for use by those on anti-psychotic medications. Excessive caffeine can cause insomnia, and make you lose too much water and potentially stress the kidneys.

 

 

GUAVA

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Raw guavas are an extremely rich source of Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Contains quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. High in fiber which helps increase elimination. Lowers blood sugar levels in diabetics. Kidney protector. Lowers cholesterol and triglycerides. Juice used as a tonic for strengthening weak hearts. Leaf extracts may be helpful in the treatment of trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). Contains lycopene, a potent antioxidant, which has been found to be protective against heart disease, cataracts, diabetes, and numerous cancers including skin, colorectal, gastric, lung, breast, pancreatic, ovarian, cervical, prostate, liver, and bladder. Lycopene can also protect the liver and kidneys against radiation damage and chemical attack. Lycopene is also an ulcer and tumor inhibitor, and is protective against gastroesophageal reflex disease. Higher serum lycopene levels can also reduce the risk of mortality from metabolic syndrome. Treats congestion of the throat and lungs. Cough remedy. Leaf extracts also treat hepatic steatosis (fatty liver disease). Cancer cell inhibitor. Gastroprotective. Anti-ulcer. Extracts have been used to treat acne, epileptic seizures and convulsions, abdominal pain, gastroenteritis, diarrhea, dysentery, and as a topical for the spine. Powdered leaves are used to reduce ringworm infections. Extracts fight tooth decay by reducing bacterial plaque buildup. Treats oral candidiasis (thrush).

 

 

GUGGAL

 

Indian herbal resin has been shown to significantly lower serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Treats arthritis and hypothyroidism. Extracts have been shown to protect the liver against toxic metal poisoning.  Used in weight loss programs. Side effects include increased thyroid gland activity, stomachache, and allergic rashes. Not recommended for pregnant or lactating women, for children, or for long-term use.

 

 

GUM ARABIC

SEE: ACACIA

 

GUM BENZOIN

Yeast killer.

 

GUMWEED

SEE: GRINDELIA

 

 

GYMNEMA

Indian herb also known as gurmar. Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Anti-inflammatory. Antiseptic. Astringent. Analgesic. Diuretic. Mild laxative. Helps lower blood sugar levels in diabetics. Supports the pancreas by regulating the release of insulin. Lowers cholesterol and triglycerides. Helpful for the obese. Leaf extracts treat arthritis. Anti-ulcer and tumor inhibitor. May be protective against ulcerative colitis.





H

 

 

 

 

HALIBUT

 

Good protein source. High in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids that help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). High in magnesium, a natural tranquilizer that helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Anti-inflammatory. May protect the heart against sudden attack. Fish oil may help maintain insulin levels in diabetics and improve breathing in asthma sufferers. Also treats acute respiratory distress syndrome, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, and dysmenorrhea. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, but not recommended if you have gout.

 

 

HAM

SEE: PORK

 

 

HAWTHORN

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Strengthens and regulates the heart. Strengthens blood vessels, improves blood flow and heart muscle contractions, and decreases clotting. Treatment for cardiac arrhythmias, ischemia, tachycardias, congestive heart failure, palpitations, angina, and weakened or damaged hearts. Improves shortness of breath. Helps slow the progression of heart disease. Inhibits arteriosclerotic plaque buildup. Helps reduce blood pressure, cholesterol, and triglycerides. Shown to stimulate the body’s release of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Fruit and peel extracts are cancer cell inhibitors. Anti-ulcer. Lowers blood sugar levels in diabetics. Mild antibacterial and diuretic. Helps reduce inflammation in colitis sufferers. Reduces the appearance of varicose veins. Tonic for the female reproductive system. Eases cramps and reduces feelings of anxiety. Aids uterine inflammation or leukorrhea. Relieves insomnia and treats restlessness. Should not be used if you are taking other heart medications or drugs containing beta-blockers.

 

 

HAZELNUT

Antioxidant. Antimicrobial. High in protein. Used to sweeten breath. Treats a throbbing toothache. Lowers serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lowers harmful LDL, and raises beneficial HDL levels. High in Vitamin E which helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Hazelnuts are rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Hazelnuts contain magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Hazelnuts are lower in fat than most other nuts. Hazel nut oil may be helpful in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome. Nuts, in general, are high in fat, but most of it is unsaturated and has not been shown to be a major contributor to obesity if eaten in moderation. Nuts can provoke severe and even life-threatening reactions in allergically sensitive individuals.

 

 

HE SHOU WU

Chinese knotweed. Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral. Energy builder and sexual tonic. Excellent rejuvenator. Strengthens liver and kidneys. Reduces signs of aging and improves quality of blood, hair, and teeth. Promotes hair growth and longevity. Good for wrinkles and gray hair. Immune system booster. Neuroprotective. May be helpful in treating Parkinsonism, a neurologic disorder similar to Parkinson’s disease. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Contains estrogenic compounds (e.g. isoflavones) which can increase estrogen levels.



 

HEARTSEASE

Anti-inflammatory. Externally, treats cradle cap and mild skin problems such as warts, acne, eczema, seborrhea, and impetigo. Used internally as a mild laxative for treatment of constipation. 

 

 

HELLEBORE

American hellebore is used to treat very severe cases of high blood pressure and related cardiovascular problems. Powerful circulatory system sedative. Antispasmodic. Diuretic. White hellebore treats cold sweats, cramps, and vomiting. Black hellebore is used in the treatment of dropsy. Hellebore contains highly toxic alkaloids and is considered to be extremely poisonous. Use only with medical supervision.

 

 

HEMP

Hemp is marijuana without the high percentage of THC, which is the psychoactive compound found in natural marijuana. Hemp oil manufacturers use low-resin varieties and then sterilize the seeds so no THC exists in the final product. Hemp oil is a great moisturizer, and is used in a variety of soaps, lotions, lip balms, shampoos, lipsticks, and massage oils. Next to soy, hemp seed is one of the best sources of vegetable protein. Hemp seed oil is high in beneficial omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids that help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. High in fiber and protein. Fiber helps increase elimination. Hemp seed oil is rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Contains gamma-linolenic acid (GLA), which relieves symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, and helps improve inflammatory skin conditions such as eczema and dermatitis. Hemp foods have also been used as digestive aids. Hemp is also used in a wide variety of products such as paper and fuel.

SEE ALSO: MARIJUANA

 

 

HENBANE

Antispasmodic. Used as a sedative and to dilate pupils for eye examinations. Similar to belladonna in its effects on the body. Like belladonna, extreme caution should be used when using this deadly herb.

 

 

HENNA

Powdered leaves can be used both internally and externally to treat skin diseases including leprosy. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Wound healer. Stimulates menstrual function. Used in cosmetic dyes and for "natural" hair coloring and thickening. Extracts can protect the liver from chemical attack.

 

 

 

HERRING

Good protein source. High in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids that help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Anti-inflammatory. Rich source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Rich source of Vitamin D which is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Lowers blood pressure and total cholesterol. Shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Anti-inflammatory. May protect the heart against sudden attack. Fish oil may help maintain insulin levels in diabetics and improve breathing in asthma sufferers. Also treats acute respiratory distress syndrome, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, and dysmennorrhea. Herring is high in fat and cholesterol. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, but not recommended if you have gout. Processed herring products (e.g. pickled) can contain high amounts of sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis.

 

 

HIBISCUS

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Extracts have shown an ability to inhibit the deposition of fat in the body. Helpful for the obese, and in weight loss programs. Hibiscus tea consumption can lower blood pressure. Extracts have also been used to treat urinary tract infections and colitis. Chinese varieties have shown an ability to lower blood sugar levels, reduce total cholesterol, and increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Extracts of Chinese hibiscus have also shown hair growth potential, anti-graying, anti-tumor, anti-fertility (i.e. in males), and estrogenic properties. Some varieties (e.g. roselle) have the ability to act as sedatives. Roselle extracts have also been shown to lower blood pressure, and to significantly lower total and LDL serum cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Roselle extracts may be helpful for diabetics in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy and diabetic neuropathy. Roselle is also rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Roselle seed oil is a good source of Vitamin E which helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Leaf extracts are cancer cell inhibitors (e.g. prostate). Floral and root extracts can protect the liver and other organs against chemical stress. Helps reduce the progression of kidney disease. Extracts are also neuroprotective, and may be helpful in the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease. Extracts from some species have shown promise in the treatment of viper toxins. Chinese hibiscus floral and leaf extracts can be used topically to treat wounds and arthritis (respectively). Possible contraceptive.

 

 

HIGHBUSH CRANBERRY

SEE: CRAMP BARK

 

 
HIJIKI

SEE: SEAWEED


 

HILA

SEE: BRINDALL BERRY

 

HOLLY

Diaphoretic. Leaves are used to increase the body's ability to sweat out toxins. Helps lessen fever symptoms. Consumption of berries may produce indigestion, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

 

 

HOLLYHOCK

Anti-inflammatory. Diuretic. Leaves are used to treat peptic and duodenal ulcers. Floral extracts can lower triglyceride and blood sugar levels. Root extracts treat urolithiasis. Extracts also protect the liver against chemical attack. Relieves pain of kidney stones.

 

 

HOLY GHOST

SEE: BLESSED THISTLE

 

 

HOLY THISTLE

SEE: BLESSED THISTLE

 

 

HONEY

Honey is a sweet substance produced by bees from the combination of nectar from flowers and bee spit. High in antioxidants. Natural antibiotic. Antibacterial. Anti-inflammatory. Antifungal. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. In general, with the exception of sweet clover honey, the darker a honey's color, the higher is its antioxidant activity. Buckwheat honey is among the highest. Contains natural salicylates (aspirin). Treats bacterial food poisonings and slows growth of infections. The addition of honey-containing marinades to pan-fried meats has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Marinades containing buckwheat honey were especially effective. Honey is the ultimate preservative and never spoils. Satisfies sweet cravings and provides an instant energy boost. Mix 2 tablespoons of honey with lemon and orange juice in half a glass of warm water for one of the best insomnia cures. Honey solutions have been used to treat diarrhea and dysentery. Natural laxative. Honey can help increase calcium absorption. Ginger juice mixed with honey treats chronic bronchitis. Honey has been used to treat febrile neutropenia and oral mucositis, common side effects of radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy. Treats obesity. Shown to reduce both LDL and total cholesterol and increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Lowers blood sugar. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Protects the heart, kidneys,  and liver. Buckwheat honey, in particular, can protect the liver against chemical attack. Also gastroprotective. Some honeys contain quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Good sugar substitute for those with mild diabetes. Some studies suggest that long-term honey consumption has positive effects on the metabolism of those with type 1 diabetes. Warm tea and honey can be used to treat a sore throat. Helps relieve indigestion and fight ulcers. Honey mixed with vaseline, fat, or oil, can be used as dressings for lesions, sores, burns, and shingles. Unprocessed honey has been used to treat gangrene. Treats bacterial infections such as conjunctivitis. Honey solution eye drops treat patients with dry eye syndrome. Honey mixed with garlic juice and oil has been used for healing major wounds. Lotions made from honey and propolis can help treat and heal infected wounds. Honey mixed with beeswax and olive oil has been used to treat dermatitis, psoriasis, and other fungal skin conditions such as jock itch. On toast or crackers, honey is a good hangover remedy, as it will help absorb excess alcohol and help relieve hangover symptoms. Skin softener and wrinkle remover. Improves sexual vigor. Honey is also used to increase the shelf life of some foods. Honey contains pollen that, over time, may have a desensitizing effect, making it useful for the relief of allergies. Hay fever sufferers are advised to eat honey that is harvested locally. A teaspoon of honey mixed with a teaspoon of castor oil is a good cure for hiccups. Honey should not be given to infants under a year old due to the possible presence (about 10% chance) of botulism spores. It is safe for older children. Use caution when consuming mad honey, which is honey produced by bees from the flowers of Rhododendron, which can result in symptoms such as dizziness, nausea, and lightheadedness due to honey poisoning and intoxication in some individuals.

 

 

HONEYDEW

Melon is a good source of Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Good diuretic. Helps correct constipation. High in carotenoids which can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage.

 

 

HOPS

Very effective sedative and tranquilizer. Muscle relaxant. Treats nervous tension, restlessness, and sleep disturbances. Relieves insomnia. Will produce sleep when nothing else will. Pillows stuffed with hops have been used to produce sleep in those suffering from nervous disorders and hysteria. Decreases desire for alcohol. Tones liver. Digestive aid. Antibacterial. Antibiotic. Extracts are used to treat leprosy, tuberculosis, bacterial dysentery, acne, and staph infections. Cancer inhibitor. Helps regulate blood sugar levels. Extracts help inhibit the release of histamine in allergy sufferers. Controls dandruff. Tea has been used to increase sexual desire. Hops exhibit strong estrogenic activity. Hops have been used to help reduce early menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes. The hops compound xanthohumol, is an effective antimicrobial which has been shown to inhibit many viruses including HIV and hepatitis C, and prevent the replication of malarial parasites. Xanthohumol can protect the liver against chemical attack, and has shown an ability to inhibit the growth of cancer cells (e.g. cervix, lung). Xanthohumol is also neuroprotective and a tumor inhibitor. Additionally, xanthohumol has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Extracts can reduce body fat, and are therefore helpful for the obese. Hops are traditionally used to add flavor and bitterness to beer. Not recommended for pregnant or menstruating women, or those suffering from depression. Side effects may include allergic reactions and contact dermatitis in hops-pickers.

 

 

HOREHOUND

Antioxidant. Tea is one of the best cures for severe mucous congestion. Loosens impacted phlegm in throat, lungs, and sinuses. Relieves sinus headaches. Extracts have shown an ability to inhibit parasitic infections that cause trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). Candy used to treat sore throat and inflamed lungs. In combination with persimmon, brings relief from throbbing headaches caused by alcoholic hangovers.

 

HORSE CHESTNUT

Anti-inflammatory. Strengthens blood vessels and improves blood flow. Astringent. Seed and gel extracts help reduce the appearance of varicose veins. Treats phlebitis, hemorrhoids, and chronic venous insufficiency. Reduces edemas. Cancer cell inhibitor. Helps accelerate lymphatic drainage in breast cancer patients following surgery. Creams, gels, and lotions have been used to speed healing of blunt sports injuries. Side effects include nausea, stomachache, and itching. Not recommended for those with liver or kidney problems, pregnant or lactating women, or in combination with aspirin or other blood thinners. Use only manufactured products, as all parts of the tree are toxic. Avoid homemade preparations.

 

 

HORSEBALM

Diuretic. Astringent. General metabolic stimulant. Treats prostatitis. May help restore brain function and memory in those with Alzheimer's disease. Extracts from Giant horsetail have been shown to lower blood sugar levels.

 

 

HORSERADISH

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. High in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Can protect against breast, colon, and stomach cancer. Neuroprotective. Seeds may be helpful in the treatment of cognitive dysfunction. Lowers cholesterol. Reduces sinus inflammation and relieves congestion. Decongestant and expectorant. Horseradish vinegar is used to hide freckles and skin blotches. Great hair rinse and massage oil. Warm up tea for hypothermics.

 

 

HORSETAIL

Antioxidant. Rich in silicon and calcium. Silicon helps build the outer layers of skin, hair, and fingernails. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Promotes stronger fingernails, hair, and skin. Treats split ends. Greatly strengthens bones and teeth. Good for treating eyes, ears, nose, throat, and glandular disorders. Promotes faster healing of bone fractures, sprains, dislocated joints, pulled hamstrings, and torn ligaments. Lowers blood sugar. Treatment for hepatitis and an enlarged prostate. Helpful for menopausal women. Stem extracts may help improve cognitive performance. Reduces incidence of osteoporosis and edema. Tumor inhibitor. Tea treats stomach ulcers and helps stop bleeding in the urine or stool. Tea is also used in many hair formulas. Mild diuretic. Used as an herbal soak with apple cider vinegar to cure foot fungus problems. Not recommended for pregnant women or for long-term use.

 

 

HUCKLEBERRY

SEE: BILBERRY

 

 

HYSSOP

Tea used as a treatment for congestion, asthma, and other respiratory complaints. Expectorant. Cold remedy and sinus clearer. Tones the blood. Used to treat eye disorders. Good for strengthening stomach and bowel linings. Muscle relaxant. Contains tannins which help control oily skin.

 




I

 

 

 

 

ICELAND MOSS

Antibacterial. Immune system booster. Soothes irritated mucous membranes and dry coughs. Provides support for respiratory infections and bronchial asthma. Helps stimulate milk flow in nursing mothers.

 

 

INDIAN BARBERRY

 

SEE: TREE TURMERIC

 

 

 

INDIAN FRANKINCENSE

 

SEE: BOSWELLIA

 

INDIAN GINSENG

 

SEE: ASHWAGANDHA

 

INDIAN GOOSEBERRY

Powerful rejuvenating Indian herb. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Analgesic. Anti-yeast. Fever reducer. Strengthens blood, bones, liver, teeth and heart. Improves eyesight. One of the highest known natural sources of Vitamin C (3 grams per fruit). Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Gooseberries also contain anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Fruit extracts treat depression. Seed and leaf extracts can lower blood sugar levels and treat diabetic neuropathy. Extracts have also been used to protect the liver and kidneys against chemical poisonings. Shown to neutralize cobra and viper snake venoms. Inhibits and heals ulcers and tumors. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. cervix, colon). Treats liver and pulmonary fibrosis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and acute pancreatitis. Helps relieve stress due to noise. Tea is used to treat uterine problems resulting from multiple childbirths. Jelly mixture treats colds. Juice mix helps throat irritations. Berries and juice treat skin inflammations and rashes such as poison ivy. 

 

INDIAN IPECAC

Leaves used in Ayurvedic medicine for the treatment of asthma, bronchitis, and arthritis.  Anti-inflammatory.  Expectorant.  Improves lung function and decreases nightly asthma symptoms.  Should not be used in large amounts.

 

 

 

INDIAN KINO

Used in India as a treatment for diabetes.

 

 

INDIAN MULBERRY

SEE: NONI



INDIAN SARSAPARILLA

 

Shown to lower blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Cancer cell inhibitor.

 

 

 

 

INDIAN SNAKEROOT

 

Treatment for hypertension and cardiac arrhythmias.

 

 

 

 

INDIGO

 

Antibacterial. Leaf extracts have been used to protect the liver against chemical attack. Some varieties have shown anticonvulsant activity. Oil extracts have been used in the treatment of nail psoriasis.

 

 

 

IPECAC

Emetic. Induces vomiting in large doses. In smaller doses, used as an appetite stimulant and digestive aid. Treats food, plant, some chemical poisonings, and amoebic dysentery. Also treats bronchitis, whooping cough, and tachycardia. Syrup of ipecac is recommended when a poisonous substance is accidentally swallowed. The fluidextract of ipecac is much more powerful and can be extremely dangerous or even fatal when used in large amounts. Exercise caution when using this herb.

 

 

IRIS

Anti-inflammatory. Powdered drink stops dry coughs and hoarseness. Root treats edemas. Poultice for black-and-blue marks.

 

 

IRISH MOSS

SEE: SEAWEED

 

IVY

Anti-inflammatory. Fresh leaves are used in poultices to treat wounds and infected sores. Leaf extracts are helpful in the treatment of various respiratory diseases such as bronchitis and bronchial asthma. Extracts in the form of syrup or cough drops can be used to treat coughing in children. May reduce cellulite by strengthening connective tissues. Extracts have shown an ability to inhibit the development of insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis and other parasitical infections. Young twigs are used as a source for dyes.

 



 

J

 

 

 

 

JACKFRUIT

 

 

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Leaf extracts have been used to lower blood sugar levels and in the treatment of diabetes. Leaf extracts are also anticonvulsant. Leaf extracts may also be helpful in treating rheumatoid arthritis. Lowers cholesterol. Good source of beta-carotene which can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Cancer cell inhibitor. Leaf extracts have been used topically to treat and heal wounds.

 

 

 

JAPANESE HONEYSUCKLE

 

Anti-inflammatory. Tea treats anxiety, nervous tension, and stress. Leaf extracts treat diabetic nephropathy.

 

 

JASMINE

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Anti-inflammatory. Treatment for gastric ulcers. Tumor inhibitor. Used in massage oils for sexual stimulation. Treats sexual frigidity. Some studies have shown that jasmine flowers and leaves (i.e. from royal jasmine) can protect cells against induced chromosomal cell damage. Extracts can protect the kidneys from chemical attack. Leaf extracts have been used externally to treat wounds and promote healing.

 

 

JESSAMINE

Treats headaches, neuralgia, and heartburn. Digestive aid. Side effects include vision problems, dry mouth, and vomiting.  Not recommended for those with heart problems. Overdosing can lead to dizziness, coma, and death.

 

 

 

JEWELWEED

Crushed leaves, tea, liquid extracts, and soap can all be used as external treatments for poison plant rashes.

 

 

JIMSON WEED

Expectorant. Analgesic. Smoked leaves have been used to provide temporary relief of asthmatic attacks. Jimson weed is similar in its toxicity to belladonna. Extreme caution should be taken when using this deadly herb.

 

 

JOJOBA

Oil is used as a base for a better lip balm. Used in cosmetics and hair care products.

 

 

JUJUBE

Antioxidant. Seed extracts are antibacterial and anti-inflammatory. Antihistamine. Anticonvulsant. Helps improve cognitive impairment. Used to improve muscular strength. Treats liver disease and stress ulcers. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. leukemia). Protects the kidneys against chemical attack. Extracts can lower blood pressure, blood sugar levels, triglycerides, and cholesterol. Helpful for the obese. Sedative. Seed oils have been used topically to promote hair growth. Bark extracts have been used topically to treat and heal wounds.

 

 

JUNIPER

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Berry oil is used to revive tired muscles and clear your head. Mild stimulant and diuretic. Tea treats flu symptoms. Oil extracts can be used topically as a remedy for scalds, burns, sores, and infected wounds. Warm tea on an empty stomach acts as an astringent to help stop internal bleeding. Used in the treatment of tuberculosis. Juniper berries and leaves have shown activity against roundworms and insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, and malaria. Treats urinary tract infections, cystitis, ulcers, arthritis, and gout. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Lowers blood sugar levels and helps reduce insulin dependency in diabetics. When inhaled, can help relieve nose, throat, lung congestion, and asthma. Diuretic. Antiseptic. Anti-fertility herb. Lowers testosterone levels. Possible natural birth control method for women. Leaf extracts treat diarrhea. May be helpful for the obese. Juniper berries and bark make an excellent survival food. Berries can be ground and substituted for coffee, and are the main source of flavoring for gin. May irritate the kidneys. Not recommended (internally) for pregnant women or for long-term use.





K

 

 

 

 

KALE

Among the highest vegetable source of antioxidants. Rich in beta-carotene. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. High in fiber, Vitamins C and K. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Kale is one of the richest known sources of Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Kale is one of the richest sources of carotenoids such as lutein which accumulate in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Can protect against breast, colon, and stomach cancer. Fiber helps increase elimination. Neutralizes free radicals. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Lowers cholesterol. Good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Provides pain relief from angina.

 

 

KALMEGH

Indian herb is used as an effective cold remedy.

 

 

KARELA

Treatment for lowering blood sugar levels in diabetics.  Not recommended for individuals who are also taking insulin.

 

 

KAVA

Sedative. Anesthetic. Analgesic. Antimicrobial. Diuretic. Lowers blood sugar levels. Helps calm nervousness and hysteria. Treats symptoms of fatigue, asthma, and rheumatism. Stress reliever. Treats phobias. Treats urinary tract infections. Eases anxiety associated with menopause. Reduces depression. Induces sleep. Non-addictive muscle relaxant. Stops cramps and muscle spasms. Does not sedate or affect performance. May boost sexual libido. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. breast, colon). Tumor inhibitor. Shown to reduce colon cancer risk. Some people are allergically sensitive to kava. Side effects include stomachache. Not recommended for pregnant or lactating women, for those individuals taking other tranquilizers such as Xanax. Do not mix with alcohol or use if you consume alcohol regularly. Not recommended for extended use (can produce skin rashes and sunlight sensitivity). May enhance the effects of anti-seizure medications. Should not be used if you have existing liver problems, or if you are taking drugs that may produce liver toxicity as a side effect. In rare cases, kava has been linked to irreversible liver damage and some deaths have been reported.

 

 

KELP

SEE: SEAWEED

 

 

KIWI

Among the most nutrient dense of commonly eaten fruits. Antioxidant. Antihistamine. High in enzymes that fend off allergies and other autoimmune disorders. High in fiber and Vitamins C and E. Fiber helps increase elimination. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Vitamin E helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Rich in lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Red kiwi fruits contain anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Extracts have been shown to inhibit tumors and protect the liver against chemical attack. Heart protector. Good for lowering blood pressure. Diuretic. Digestive aid and laxative. Improves bowel function in those with irritable bowel syndrome. Relieves heartburn and indigestion after a heavy meal. Kiwi fruit has been used topically in the treatment of burns. Some people may be allergically sensitive to kiwi.


 

 

KOHLRABI

Can protect against breast, colon, and stomach cancer. Lowers cholesterol. Increases elimination.

SEE ALSO: CABBAGE

 

 

KOLA

Contains natural stimulants including caffeine. Increases mental activity. Treats drug addictions and withdrawals. Caffeine promotes the burning of fat. Diet Coke has high spermicidal action when used as a douche immediately after intercourse (contraceptive). Kola seed extracts can actually lower blood sugar levels. Excessive caffeine can cause insomnia, and make you lose too much water and potentially stress the kidneys.

 

 

KOREAN GINSENG

SEE: GINSENG

 

 

KRILL

Krill are super-abundant zooplankton crustaceans that inhabits the oceans. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Neptune krill oil, extracted from Antarctic krill, has been shown to be helpful in the treatment of arthritis, atherosclerosis, PMS, hepatic steatosis, and dysmenorrhea. Krill oil is a cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. colorectal). Oil can also lower blood sugar levels, cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. Krill meat powder can lower blood pressure and triglyceride levels. Rich in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids that help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Helpful for the obese. Krill oil is also used as a nutritional supplement.

 

 

KUDZU

Japanese herb treats fever, upset stomach, diarrhea, headaches, hangovers, muscle aches, cold symptoms, and alcoholism. Antioxidant. Contains estrogenic compounds (e.g. isoflavones) which can increase estrogen levels. Helpful for diabetics and the obese. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Also treats existing liver damage. In tea, helps improve respiratory ailments and skin rashes. Kudzu can be used as a substitute for those who are sensitive to soy.


 

 

KUMQUAT

Antioxidant. Treats hypertension and obesity.

 

 

KUTKIN

Indian herb is an excellent liver detoxifier. Antioxidant. Similar to milk thistle in its ability to help the liver. Anti-inflammatory. Immune system booster. Stimulates the regeneration of liver tissue. Treatment for chemical poisoning, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver damage due to alcohol or drug abuse. Extracts have also been used to treat 'death cap' mushroom poisonings and acetaminophen overdosages. Treats viral infections, including hepatitis.

 

 



 

L

 

 

 

 

LAVENDER

Potent antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anticonvulsant. Oil can lower cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Leaves are used in tea for tension headache relief. Oil may help the body heal itself faster. Remedy for allergic attacks. Cough suppressant. Opens air passages. Safe for children. Foot soak for swollen ankles. Used aromatically as a natural tranquilizer and to treat anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, and mild depression. Linalool is the active compound found in lavender that is involved in the anti-anxiety effect. Oils can protect the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Neuroprotective. May be helpful as an anticonvulsive in the treatment of epilepsy and seizures. Lavender oil exposure has also been shown to help improve memory and learning deficits, and may be helpful in treating Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Bath oil helps relieve feelings of anger and frustration. Skin stimulant. Aphrodisiac. Treats infant colic. Contains tannins that help control oily skin. Extracts have both sedative and hypnotic qualities. Lavender oil is used in soaps as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory to treat wounds, blemishes, insect bites, burns, boils, dandruff, dermatitis, and herpes fever blisters. The oil is also used to treat incisions from surgical episiotomies. Lavender aromatherapy helps to ease pain and anxiety, and to treat dysmenorrhea symptoms. Aromatherapy massages have also been used to provide helpful labor pain relief during pregnancy.

 

 

LECITHIN

Promotes a healthy nervous system. Helps to cleanse and purify the kidneys. Breaks up cholesterol. Anti-stress.  Shown to promote recovery from hypothermia.

 

 

LEDUM

In pill form, helps speed healing of bruises.

 

 

LEEKS

SEE: ONION

 

 

LEGUMES

SEE: BEANS

 

 

LEMON

High in antioxidants. Antibacterial. Lemon oil is antifungal. The essential oil, limonene, which is present in lemons and other citrus fruit, has been shown in studies to inhibit the growth of cancerous tumors. Lemon oil is also neuroprotective and may be helpful in the treatment of depression and seizures. Seed extracts are a breast cancer preventative. Freshly squeezed lemon juice inhibits cholera bacteria. Lemon juice or extract can also be used as an effective inhibitor of bacterial growth on fresh fruit salads, or on raw vegetables such as carrots. Limonene will also lower cholesterol and help dissolve gallstones. Fruit extracts have been shown to protect the liver against chemical poisonings. Contains magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Frying meats in lemon juice has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Lemon juice combined with yellow dock helps increase the body's absorption of minerals such as iron and magnesium. Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Good for removing wrinkles and helps dishpan hands. Skin softener for normal to oily skin. Good astringent for closing pores. Compress for skin discoloration. Peel extracts are helpful for diabetics and the obese. Lemon peel is high in hesperetin, a naturally occurring antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antihistamine that helps reduce hay fever and other allergic disorders. Hesperetin is radioprotective, can protect the liver against chemical attack, and is also protective against nicotine-induced lung damage. Consuming lemons can be helpful in decreasing the concentration of alcohol in the blood. Lemon peel is an effective treatment for kidney stones, and is also used to treat bleeding gums. Gargling with lemon juice treats a sore throat. Peel compress treats migraines. Washing hands, or standing in fresh lemon juice and hot water, stops headaches and migraines. Juice helps stop pain of insect bites and stings. Lemon plants have been used in bioremediation programs to help remove mercury from contaminated soils.

 

 

LEMON BALM

Powerful antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Antispasmodic. Anti-inflammatory. Lowers blood pressure, blood sugar levels, triglycerides, and cholesterol. Digestive aid. Calms the stomach. Natural tranquilizer and treatment for stress, anxiety, depression, and insomnia. Reduces fevers. Helpful for the obese, and those with allergies. Provides a sedating effect on the nervous system. Improves mental function. Oil may help restore brain function and memory in those with Alzheimer's disease. Extracts are neuroprotective and have shown the ability to treat spinal cord injuries, and to protect nervous tissue and the brain from hypoxia (oxygen deprivation). Leaf extracts are cancer cell inhibitors. Leaf extracts may also be helpful in the treatment of benign heart palpitations. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor (e.g. colon). Oil is also used aromatically and in massages to treat anxiety and stress. Lemon balm ointment or cream can be used to treat herpes simplex infections and cold sores.

 

 

LEMON GRASS

Antioxidant. Analgesic. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Mild sedative. Treats depression. Anxiety reliever. Lowers blood sugar levels in diabetics. Shown to lower triglycerides and increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Lowers blood pressure. Tea is used as a treatment for colitis. Also shown to inhibit tumors of the colon. Treats fungal infections including athlete's foot. Lemon grass oil has shown activity against malarial parasites, and as a mosquito larvicide. The oil may also be helpful in the treatment of trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). Cardioprotective. Renoprotective. Gastroprotective. Treats gastric ulcers and lesions. Digestive aid. Frying meats in lemon grass has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Extracts may protect cells against radiation-induced DNA damage. Protects the liver against chemical attack. With vanilla, provides relief from intestinal gas, colic, and vomiting. Oil is used topically to treat sciatica, lumbago, sprains, tendonitis, periodontitis, rheumatism, and lower back pain. Used aromatically to elevate mood and in massage oils.       

 

 

LEMON VERBENA

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Relaxes nervous stomachs. Treats indigestion. Provides relief from intestinal gas. Ointment from extracts can treat bacterial skin infections.

 

 

LENTILS

Antioxidant. Good cancer preventative (e.g. upper digestive tract, stomach, colorectal, and kidney). Lentil-based diets can help reduce hypertension. Lentils are extremely rich in fiber which helps increase elimination. Contain biotin that is good for split ends, faster hair growth, and stronger fingernails. Lentil seeds may help protect the kidneys against chemical attack.

SEE ALSO: BEANS

 

 

LETTUCE

Rich in antioxidants. Red leaf or romaine lettuce is high in Vitamin A which helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Red pigmented varieties are also higher in antioxidants than their greener cousins. High in potassium which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Colon cancer inhibitor. Lowers total cholesterol. High in Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Red leaf lettuce is high in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Treats acid indigestion and heartburn. Neuroprotective. Lettuce extracts have been used in the treatment of aluminum neurotoxicity. For some, lettuce can be difficult to digest.

 

 

LICORICE

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Increases fluidity of mucous from the lungs. Extracts have been shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Lowers blood sugar levels. Treats mouth sores, hay fever allergies, dermatitis, and asthma. Cold and cough remedy. Calms stomach and treats indigestion. Contains a natural cortisone to help relieve pain. Mild laxative. Anxiety reliever. Immune system stimulant. Strengthens the heart and circulatory system. Treats throat and injured throat muscles. Tones and stimulates female glands. Stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce cortisone and the female hormone, aldosterone. Protects the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Extracts have been used to treat seizures and convulsions. Licorice root contains glycyrrhizic acid, a compound that has shown an ability to reduce the negative side effects of chemotherapy drugs (e.g. cisplatin). Topically applied glycyrrhizic acid may also be helpful in the treatment of hypertrichosis. Also contains glycyrrhizin, a neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory compound that seems to shield cells from DNA damage, protects the liver and kidneys, and also helps prevent the breakdown of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. Glycyrrhizin has also shown an ability to inhibit viruses that cause severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS). Breast and cervical cancer cell inhibitor. Licorice may be helpful in treating periodontal disease. Licorice compounds have also been used to treat Kaposi’s sarcoma-associated herpes virus infections. One of the most effective anti-ulcer herbs. Heals gastric, peptic, and duodenal ulcers. Licorice patches have been used to treat oral ulcers. Treats emotional imbalances and hysteria. Tea used for treating Graves', Addison's, and Parkinson's diseases. Also treats athlete’s foot, chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis, alcoholic and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, HIV infections, chronic fatigue, inflammations caused by food sensitivities, irritable bowel syndrome, arthritis, colitis, stress, and helps reduce PMS symptoms such as hot flashes. Helpful for the obese. Chewing licorice root can help lower nicotine cravings. Root extracts have shown hair growth potential. Shown to enhance learning and memory. Licorice is used as a flavoring and sweetening agent in many foods. Side effects from consumption include heart palpitations, hormonal imbalance, fluid and sodium retention, muscle weakness, decreased libido, sexual problems, diarrhea, hypokalemia, high blood pressure, pulmonary edema, and heart enlargement. Licorice is not recommended for pregnant women, or for those who have high blood pressure, kidney or heart disease, edema, or for those who have low blood levels of potassium. Should not be used in combination with the heart drug digoxin.

 

 

 

LIGUSTICUM

Chinese herb treats blood disorders such as ischemia and thrombosis.  Blood tonifier.  Analgesic.  Anti-inflammatory.  Antibacterial.  Antifungal.

 

 

LIGUSTRUM

Japanese privet. Immune system builder. Berries protect the liver and kidneys.

 

 

LILAC

Lilac tea is used to treat fevers, acid indigestion, abdominal cramps, rheumatism, and gout.

 

 

LILY

The bulbs and leaves of day lilies are used as a treatment for sunburns, major burns, and scaldings. Lily-of-the-Valley is used in Europe as a treatment for dropsy and congestive heart failure. The Star of Bethlehem lily has been used to treat mental or physical shocks of any kind. It helps lessen the severity of nervous tension, grief, depression, and deep anxiety. Madonna lily bulbs fried in olive oil have been used externally as poultices to treat shingles lesions. Tiger lily root extracts are anti-inflammatory. Easter lily bulb extracts can help improve liver function.

 

 

LIME

Rich in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. The essential oil, limonene, which is present in limes and other citrus fruit, has been shown to inhibit the growth of cancerous cells and tumors. Limonene will also lower cholesterol and help dissolve gallstones. Aflatoxin inhibitor. High in potassium which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Juice helps stop diarrhea in infants, children, and the elderly. Relieves nausea and vomiting. Lime juice has also been used to enhance the clearance of malarial parasites from the body. Lime juice has also helped reduce pain in those suffering from sickle cell anemia. Treats toothaches.

 

 

LINDEN

Anti-anxiety herb. Mild sedative. Antispasmodic. Pain reliever. Promotes sleep. Treats tension headaches and nervousness.

 

 

LINGZHI

SEE: MUSHROOM

 

 

LINSEED

SEE: FLAX

 

 

LIVER

Great protein source. High in Vitamin A, iron, zinc, and folic acid (Vitamin B9). Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Zinc is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Folic acid is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Calf’s liver is rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Calf’s liver is high in chromium, which regulates insulin and helps normalize blood sugar. Liver is also a rich source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Liver is high in cholesterol. Because the liver is an organ that filters out toxins and heavy metals that an animal may consume, liver is a food that should only be eaten occasionally.

 

 

 

LOBELIA

One of the best smoking deterrents. Helps lower nicotine cravings. Remedy for tooth and earaches. Antispasmodic. Very effective bronchodilator. Muscle relaxant. Treats bronchitis, laryngitis, asthma, whooping cough, tonsillitis, epilepsy, tetanus, diphtheria, and erysipelas. Used to stimulate respiration in newborns. Anti-inflammatory. Extreme care should be taken when using this herb, as high doses have been linked to nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dizziness, tremors, a rapid heartbeat, depressed breathing, low blood pressure, and coma. Possible deaths have been reported.

 

 

 

LOBSTER

Lobster is a good source of protein and is low in fat. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Lobsters are also a good source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Lobster is very high in cholesterol. Lobster is also high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Lobster should only be eaten fully cooked. Consumption of partially cooked or raw lobster can result in gastroenteritis and diarrhea in individuals due to bacterial infection. 

 

 

LOMATIUM

Root is a potent antiviral and antibacterial. Treats respiratory tract infections. Use of extracts only are recommended to avoid full-body rash side effects.

 

LOTUS

Antioxidant. Leaf and root extracts can lower blood sugar levels, triglycerides, and cholesterol. Helpful for the obese.

 

 

LOVAGE

Tea is a diuretic. Helps relieve abdominal pain due to gas. May promote menstruation. Chinese lovage treats women who are premenstrual, going through menopause, or who suffer from fatigue and stress. Lovage may irritate existing kidney problems.

 

 

 

LUPIN

Used internally to treat urinary tract disorders.  Expels intestinal parasites and worms.  Externally, used in poultices for treating ulcers. Diuretic. Use extreme caution when using this highly toxic herb. Overdosing can lead to paralysis, respiratory failure, and death.





M

 

 

 

 

MA HUANG

SEE: EPHEDRA

 

 

 

MACA

Peruvian herb used to treat menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes, vaginal dryness, depression, and osteoporosis. Antioxidant. Male aphrodisiac. May help improve sexual drive after menopause. May also be helpful in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Helps improve memory and learning. Lowers blood sugar levels. Shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, and lower harmful LDL. Treatment for impotence and osteoporosis. Also treats stress and chronic fatigue. Used by athletes as a sports supplement to enhance performance.

 

 

MACADAMIA

Nuts are used to treat alcoholism. Tones a weak liver. Improves anemia. Rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Macadamia nuts have been shown to reduce both LDL and total cholesterol and increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Macadamia oil has shown effectiveness in treating skin pigmentation disorders like vitiligo. Nuts, in general, are high in fat, but most of it is unsaturated and has not been shown to be a major contributor to obesity if eaten in moderation. Macadamia nuts are higher in fat and lower in protein than most other nuts. Nuts can provoke severe and even life-threatening reactions in allergically sensitive individuals.


 

MACE

SEE: NUTMEG

 

 

MACKEREL

 

Good protein source. High in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids that help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Anti-inflammatory. Rich source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Rich source of Vitamin D which is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Anti-inflammatory. May protect the heart against sudden attack. Fish oil may help maintain insulin levels in diabetics and improve breathing in asthma sufferers. Also treats acute respiratory distress syndrome, psoriasis, multiple sclerosis, and dysmennorrhea. Mackerel is high in fat and cholesterol. Treatment for rheumatoid arthritis, but not recommended if you have gout. Some species (e.g. king mackarel) can contain high levels of mercury and should be consumed sparingly.

 

 

MADDER

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antimicrobial. Anti-ulcer. Lowers blood sugar levels. Helps reduce stress and anxiety. Treatment for amenorrhea. Antidiarrheal. Kidney protector. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Root extracts are neuroprotective, and may be helpful in the treatment of orofacial dyskinesia. Root extracts are also used topically as a wound healer. Promotes uterine contractions in expectant mothers. Used in facials to remove freckles. Source for red dyes in fabrics.

 

 

MAGNOLIA

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Bark is used as a substitute for quinine in treating malarial fevers and infections. Expels intestinal parasites and worms. Tumor inhibitor. Helps lower nicotine cravings in tobacco chewers. Contains compounds (e.g. magnolol) that are neuroprotective, and may be helpful in the treatment of memory impairment, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Magnolol can help lower blood sugar levels, reduce inflammatory pain, and treat diabetic nephropathy and diarrhea. Magnolol is also a cancer cell inhibitor, and may be helpful in treating periodontal disease. Magnolol may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Honokiol is another compound found in magnolia that is a cancer inhibitor (e.g. thyroid). Tea has been used to treat hypertension, heart disease, and malignant cancers. Extracts may be helpful in the treatment of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Bark extracts can be used with mints or in chewing gums to reduce oral bacteria and halitosis. Magnolia extracts have also been used as skin-whitening agents for treating skin hyper-pigmentation. Oil has been used in the treatment of bedsores. 

 

 

MAIDENHAIR FERN

Treatment for asthma and other respiratory disorders. Expectorant. Relieves colds and nasal congestion.

 

 

MAIDENHEAD

SEE: GINKGO

 

 

MALABAR TAMARIND

Antioxidant. The fruit treats edema, delayed menstruation, and constipation. Helps expel intestinal parasites. Extracts from the rind (citrin) may help triple a person's weight loss.

 

 

MALE FERN

Expels intestinal parasites and worms. One of the best treatments for removal of tapeworms. Extreme care should be taken when using this toxic herb.

 

 

MALLOW

Digestive aid. Helps reduce gas. Calms the gastrointestinal tract.

 

 

MALVA

Helps free the genito-urinary system of inflammations and toxins.

 

 

MANDRAKE

American varieties have shown promise in treating rheumatoid arthritis. Also treats chronic constipation and liver congestion. Expels intestinal parasites and worms. Used topically to remove genital warts, fibroids, and papillomas. Both American and European species are extremely toxic and should be used with proper care.

 

 

MANGO

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. High in Vitamin A which helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. High in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Lowers cholesterol. High in enzymes that fend off allergies and other autoimmune disorders. Helpful for asthmatics. Tea is used as a treatment for hypertension and diabetes related problems including diabetic angiopathy and retinopathy. Immune system stimulant. Strengthens fragile blood vessels and helps promotes the growth of new blood vessels. Treats purpura and varicose veins. Settles an upset stomach. Stimulates bowels. Treats constipation and diarrhea. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor (e.g. breast, colon, ovarian). Ulcer protector and healer. Relieves heartburn. Inhibits the growth of intestinal parasites. Leaf and bark extracts may be helpful in the treatment of trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease), Russell’s viper, and cobra snake envenomations. Extracts are also neuroprotective and can protect the liver and kidneys against chemical poisonings. Contains mangiferin, a cardioprotective and analgesic compound that can help lower blood sugar and triglyceride levels. Mangiferin may also be helpful in treating gastric cancer. Mango fruit and peel may be helpful in reducing blood alcohol levels. Leaf extracts treat gout. Peels may be helpful in preventing the development of cataracts. Peels are rich in fiber which helps increase elimination. Peels also contain pectin that encourages the growth of beneficial bacteria in the large intestine, and also helps lower cholesterol and bind up toxins (e.g. lead) in the body for removal. Extracts may be helpful in treating anxiety and depression.

 

 

MANNA

Gentle laxative. Safe for children.                                                                                             

 

 

MANZANITA

SEE: UVA-URSI

 

 

MAPLE

Maple syrup is a good source of antioxidants. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Tea used as an organ and gland tonifier. Poultice for treating boils, sores, and other skin problems. Maple sap may be helpful in treating wrinkles, and as a skin-whitening agent.

 

 

MARAPUAMA

Powerful aphrodisiac. Improves the male libido and may increase performance. Nerve tonic. Remedy for mild exhaustion, depression, stress-related hyperactivity, and insomnia.

 

 

 

MARIGOLD

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Analgesic. Treatment for tetanus, blood poisoning, syphilis, and gonorrhea. Also treats chronic constipation and fluid retention. Induces sweating for body cleansing. Extracts have been shown to lower blood pressure. Flowers are rich in lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Compounds found in marigold leaves have shown the ability to inhibit the development of parasitic worms in schistosomiasis. Root extracts have shown promise in the treatment of malaria. Natural antiseptic and insecticide. Extracts are used topically in ointments for soothing red eyes. They also have good blood coagulating and clotting properties, and can be used in the treatment of cuts, wounds, bruises, and burns. Also shown to relieve pain and reduce swelling of bunions.

 

 

 

MARIJUANA

Antibacterial. Analgesic. Anticonvulsant. Anticoagulant. Muscle relaxant. Sedative. Treats arthritic inflammations, chronic pain, diabetic neuropathy, and hyperalgesia. Gastroprotective. Helpful for cancer patients. Quells nausea and vomiting in chemotherapy patients. Also treats nausea and vomiting (morning sickness) in pregnant women. Stimulates and restores appetite in AIDS patients. Promotes weight gain. Slows deterioration of eyes of glaucoma sufferers. Relieves symptoms of asthma, chronic migraines, epilepsy, and multiple sclerosis. Treats Crohn’s disease. Helps improve the quality of life in inflammatory bowel disease sufferers. Plant extracts have shown an ability to inhibit parasitic infections that cause trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). The compound, cannabidiol, is an antioxidant that has shown promise in the treatment of heart attacks, strokes, viral hepatitis, and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's disease. Cannabidiol is also a cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. cervix), and can protect the heart and liver against chemical attack. Cannabidiol may also be helpful in treating pain, fatigue, insomnia, inflammation, and other problems in patients recovering from Ebola virus infections. Cannabis seed extract creams have been used in various skin care products, and have shown promise in the treatment of  acne. Used to relieve phantom limb pain. Possible treatment for schizophrenia. Shown to improve night vision. Marijuana is not addictive, nor does it produce true hallucinations, except in extremely high doses. Extended use, however, can increase the risk of psychosis in some individuals. Keep in mind that cultivated marijuana products may also contain traces of pesticides, residues of which can transfer directly into the mainstream smoke, and ultimately into the user. For those that are seeking presumptive relief from health problems (e.g. medical marijuana users), these residues may possibly lead to further health issues. Additionally, mothers who use cannabis should not breastfeed.

SEE ALSO: HEMP

 

 
 
MARINE ALGAE

SEE: SEAWEED

 

 

MARJORAM

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Used in tea to reduce fevers and relieve cramps. Treats bronchitis, measles, mumps, and irregular menstruation. Increases gastric juices. Anti-ulcer. Lowers blood sugar levels. Oil improves lung function in asthmatics. Cancer cell inhibitor. Marjoram tea may be helpful in the treatment of polycystic ovary disease. Extracts can help reduce the side effects (e.g. nephrotoxicity) of chemotherapy drugs used to treat cancer patients. Leaf extracts may be helpful in protecting the kidneys against chemical attack. Used in compresses for migraine relief.

SEE ALSO: OREGANO

 

 

MARSHMALLOW

Anti-inflammatory. Extracts treat bronchitis-related coughs and chest pains, and soothes irritated mucous membranes and bronchial passages. Extracts have been used in ointments for healing burns and wounds. Digestive aid. Mild diuretic. Treats gastric irritations. Soothes the urinary tract. Normalizes bowels. Cleans the colon. Marshmallow root is also good for general kidney and bladder support, acid reflux, and for treating cystitis and stomach ulcers. Root extracts have also been shown to fight tooth decay. Store-bought marshmallows are confections made up of gelatin, egg whites (sometimes), water, and sugar.

 

 

MATÉ

South American tea beverage is a high level stimulant and is rich in caffeine. Caffeine promotes the burning of fat. Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Antifungal. Lowers blood sugar levels. Shown to lower LDL and increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Strong diuretic. Maté is also a good source of lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Helps relieve migraine headaches by constricting blood vessels in the head. Helpful for the obese. Used in weight loss programs. Acne inhibitor. High in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Shown to protect the lungs against inflammation due to exposure to cigarette smoke. Cancer cell inhibitor. May be helpful in the treatment of depression and Parkinson’s disease. Tea extracts treat alcohol-induced liver injury. Maté consumption has been shown to increase bone mineral density in postmenopausal women. Extracts can be used topically to treat seborrheic dermatitis. Oral extracts have shown potential in the treatment of neuropathic and postoperative pain. Maté leaves may contain high concentrations of carcinogens such as benzopyrene which have been associated with certain cancers (e.g. esophagus, kidney, and bladder). Not recommended for use by those on anti-psychotic medications. Excessive caffeine can cause insomnia, and make you lose too much water and potentially stress the kidneys.  

 

 

 

MATHAKÉ

Tropical almond. Antimicrobial. Powerful antifungal. Yeast killer.

 

 

MAYAPPLE

SEE: MANDRAKE

 

 

MEADOW SAFFRON

Source of the potent pain-killing alkaloid colchicine, which is used to treat gout, rheumatism, and dropsy. The seeds and bulbs are poisonous. Extreme care should be taken when using this highly toxic herb.

 

 

MEADOWSWEET

Original aspirin source. Analgesic. Anti-inflammatory. Digestive aid. Helps reduce gas. Calms the gastrointestinal tract. Extracts can protect the liver and kidneys from chemical attack.

 

 

MELALEUCA

SEE: TEA TREE

 

 

MELATONIN

Melatonin is the primary hormone of the pineal gland which maintains normal circadian rhythms. Antioxidant. Sedative. Lowers blood pressure. Excellent for insomnia. Treats jet lag. Immune system booster. Can help hasten sleep if taken from thirty minutes to two hours before bedtime. May be helpful for shift workers. Cancer cell inhibitor. Ulcer protector. Protects the liver, brain, and kidneys against chemical assault. Neuroprotective. Protective against memory deficits. Also shown to protect brain cells from ionizing radiation. Melatonin pretreatment may be helpful in protecting against radiation induced mortality. May be helpful in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Cardioprotective. Melatonin has been shown to be protective against heart damage caused by chronic Chagas disease, and can help reduce the side effects of cobra envenomation. May also be helpful in treating myocardial ischemia. Lessens side effects caused by chemotherapies including protection against chemotherapy-induced bone marrow damage. Melatonin has also been used to treat acetaminophen overdosages and nicotine withdrawal. Melatonin levels are increased by high caffeine consumption. Side effects include fatigue, headache, dizziness, and confusion. There have been numerous other reports of drug interactions and side effects associated with melatonin. It is recommended that you check with your local medical doctor before supplementing with this hormone. Not recommended for children or for pregnant women.


 

MELON

Melons are a good source of Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Fresh, slightly unripe green melons with parsley tea can be used to treat liver jaundice.

SEE ALSO: CANTALOUPE AND CASABA  AND HONEYDEW  AND WATERMELON

 

 

 

MILK

Great calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Fortified milk is high in Vitamin D. Vitamin D is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Cow’s milk can help lower blood pressure. Use a washcloth soaked in whole milk to treat minor burns. Milk is actually a good remedy to stop the burning sensation from hot pepper consumption. Heavy whole cow milk is high in saturated fat which can contribute to atherosclerosis. Many children and adults have difficulty digesting the milk sugar, lactose (are lactose intolerant). Some individuals may also be allergically sensitive to proteins in cow’s milk. There is some evidence that the early ingestion of cow’s milk-based formula by infants is related to the development of diabetes and iron-deficiency anemia. Despite the fortification of cow’s milk with vitamins and minerals, there is strong evidence to suggest that cow’s milk contributes to the development of breast and prostate cancers, atherosclerosis, and heart disease. There is also some suggestive evidence from European studies that milk consumption is linked to incident Parkinson’s disease. It is recommended that raw cow’s milk and products made from them be consumed only after they have been pasteurized due to the presence of bacteria that can potentially cause infections, gastroenteritis, and even death in some individuals.

 

 

 

MILK THISTLE

Excellent liver detoxifier. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Immune system booster. Stimulates the regeneration of liver tissue. Treatment for chemical and radiation poisoning, chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and liver damage due to alcohol or drug abuse. Lowers blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Helpful for diabetics with damaged livers. Extracts have also been used to treat 'death cap' mushroom poisonings and acetaminophen overdosages. Extracts also treat hepatic steatosis (fatty liver disease). Contains natural antioxidants including silymarin, a neuroprotective, gastroprotective, radioprotective, and analgesic compound which has been shown to be protective against some cancers (e.g. colon, cervix), and an inhibitor of DNA damage caused by sunlight and other sources of radiation such as gamma rays. Silymarin has also been shown to protect the kidneys and liver against chemical attack, inhibit the development of cataracts, and may be helpful in the management of diabetes and diabetic nephropathy. Additionally, silymarin has been used topically as an effective wound healer and sunscreen agent. Helps break down gallstones. Treats psoriasis. Skin cancer and cataracts preventative. Topical creams made from milk thistle have been used as skin whitening agents. Some people may be allergically sensitive to milk thistle.

 

 

MILLET

Antioxidant. Rich in protein. Reduces blood sugar and cholesterol. Helps prevent heart disease. Increases elimination. Couscous is steamed, cracked millet. Can be eaten safely by those who are gluten intolerant (i.e. those who have celiac disease).

 

 

MIMOSA

Antioxidant. Antimicrobial. Antibacterial. Anti-inflammatory. Diuretic. Lowers blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Extracts have shown the ability to inhibit the venom activity of cobra, krait, and the highly venomous sea snake. Extracts have also shown promise in the treatment of scorpion envenomations. Laxative. Leaf extracts treat diarrhea. Extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Extracts may also be helpful in treating acute necrotizing pancreatitis. Used topically in ointments as a wound healer.

 

 

 

MINT

SEE: PEPPERMINT AND SPEARMINT

 

 

MISTLETOE

Antioxidant. Herbal tea treats hypertension, epilepsy, whooping cough, asthma, gout, amenorrhea, diarrhea, chorea, hysteria, headaches, and dizziness. Mistletoe stems have been used to treat nervousness and exhaustion, and have a sedative and tranquilizing effect. European mistletoe has been shown to lower blood pressure and blood sugar levels. Immune system stimulant. Neuroprotective. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Tumor and cancer cell inhibitor. Extracts have been used to treat breast cancers, malignant melanomas, gliomas, and pancreatic carcinomas. Extracts can also help reduce the side effects of chemotherapy in cancer patients. Consumption of poisonous leaves and berries may produce indigestion, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Not recommended if you have a chronic infection such as tuberculosis. Should not be combined with prescription medicines containing monoamineoxidase inhibitors. Herbal extracts can provoke circulatory problems and allergic reactions in some sensitive individuals.

 

 

MOLASSES

Molasses is a byproduct of sugar processing. Antioxidant. Rich in iron, which vitalizes blood, cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Blackstrap molasses is a good source of calcium and magnesium. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Magnesium is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss.

 

 

MONKSHOOD

SEE: ACONITE

 

 

MORMON TEA

 

SEE: BRIGHAM TEA

 

 

MORNING GLORY

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Blossoms are used for headache relief and eye inflammations. Crushed leaves treat insect bites and stings. Floral extracts are used to heal wounds. Tea is used for bathing herpes lesions, diabetic leg ulcers, gangrene, and syphilitic sores and wounds. Poultice treats serious abscesses and boils. Some varieties (e.g. bush morning glory) have shown promise in the treatment of leucorrhoea in women. Leaf extracts from the pink morning glory have shown an ability to lower blood sugar levels and cholesterol.

 

 

MOTHERWORT

Nerve and heart tonic. Used to treat depression and anxiety. Strengthens the heart. Promotes blood circulation. Improves brain function. Reduces high blood pressure. Chinese motherwort extracts have been shown to inhibit tumor growth in numerous cancers. Treats problems associated with menopause, PMS, hot flashes, mood swings, and blood clots.

 

 

MOUNTAIN MAHOGANY

Twig tea treats prostatitis, an enlarged prostate, and cancer of the prostate gland. Bark tea has been prescribed for lung problems such as asthma, bronchitis, emphysema, and tuberculosis.

 

 

MUGWORT

Stimulates the production of stomach acid, digestive enzymes, and bile. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Treatment for amenorrhea. May be helpful in treating PMS, dysmenorrhea, and menopausal symptoms. May also be helpful for children with attention deficit disorders. Sedative.

 

 

 

MULBERRY

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral. High in Vitamin C and beta-carotene. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Shown to lower LDL cholesterol and triglycerides and increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Leaf extracts have been shown to reduce blood sugar levels in diabetics. Extracts have even shown promise as skin whitening agents due to their ability to inhibit the production of melanin. Helps improve learning and memory. Shown to be protective against stroke. Also helpful for the obese. Protects liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Extracts may be helpful in cartilage protection, and in the treatment of degenerative and osteoarthritis. Mulberries are rich in anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Mulberries contain resveratrol, an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory that is both cardioprotective and renoprotective, has been shown to inhibit skin and soft tissue tumors, treat kidney disease, and help those suffering from cancer (e.g. cervix, colon, prostate), and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's and Parkinson's. Resveratrol has shown an ability to lower cholesterol, and to protect the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Resveratrol is also anti-diabetic, and has shown the ability to inhibit the development of insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis. Additionally, resveratrol can protect against the harmful side effects of high fructose corn syrup consumption. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. colon). Mulberries have also shown an ability to inhibit the growth of leukemia cells and glioma tumors. White mulberry extracts are cardioprotective, and have been used in the treatment of Russell’s viper snake envenomations. White mulberry extracts may also be helpful in the treatment of cataracts and atopic dermatitis. Mulberries contains melatonin, which is an excellent treatment for insomnia. Mulberries also contain quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Unripened fruit mixed with vinegar can be used as a topical treatment for hives. Mulberry leaves contains melatonin, which is an excellent treatment for insomnia. Use with caution because mulberry can decrease the bioavailability of some immunosuppressant drug therapies (e.g. cyclosporine).           

 

 

 

 

MULLEIN

Antibacterial. Tones and stimulates the lymphatic system. Treats the entire respiratory system. Promotes free breathing. Strengthens sinuses. Soothes bladder pain. Relieves swollen joints and glands. Treatment for colds, sore throats, and bronchitis. Mild antiviral effect. In tea, used as an asthma remedy. Helps pulmonary ailments. Diuretic. Expectorant. Antispasmodic. Used for heart palpitations, irregular heartbeat, and angina. Leaves in hot vinegar and water can treat piles and other itching problems. Used in enemas for intestinal bacterial infections. Used with catnip to treat tonsillitis, chickenpox, measles, mumps, and pancreatitis. Dressing for skin ulcers, wounds, sunburn, general burns, and hemorrhoids. Oil used to treat earaches.

 

 

MUSHROOM

 

Antibacterial. Antiviral. Mushrooms are a good source of protein. Mushrooms are rich in zinc, which is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Mushrooms are a rich source of Vitamin D which is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Chinese varieties lower cholesterol, enhance the immune system, and have been shown to inhibit the growth of tumors. Mushrooms are also a good source of fiber which helps increase elimination. Approximately 90% of the mushrooms consumed in the U.S. are white button. Mushrooms are the best non-animal source of Vitamin D, and one of the few natural sources of Vitamin D for vegans. Mushrooms are also used as bioindicators of environmental pollution.

Agaricus (himematsutake) (white button) mushrooms help reduce blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels. Helpful for diabetics. Antioxidant. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. Immune system stimulant. Tumor inhibitor. Extracts have been used to treat sarcomas, myelomas, prostate, lung, ovarian, and uterine cancers. Helps reduces the side effects of chemotherapy in cancer patients. Shown to protect the liver against hepatitis and chemical attack. Also protects the brain against neurotoxic agents. Extracts have also shown an ability to protect cells against DNA damage. Anti-allergy. Enhances memory. Agaricus mushrooms may be helpful in the treatment of severe allergic reactions such as anaphylaxis. Agaricus species extracts (e.g. A. blazei) have also shown effectiveness in reducing the severity of malaria symptoms, and in the treatment of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis. Other species (e.g. A. brasiliensis) treat anxiety, are neuroprotective, and may be helpful in treating diabetic neuropathy. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon).

Cauliflower (white fungus) mushrooms have shown anti-tumor activity.

Chaga (tinder) (inonotus) mushrooms grow on birch trees. They help lower cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral. Anti-tumor. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. colon). Shown to protect blood cells and the liver against chemical attack. Extracts have also shown an ability to protect cells against DNA damage.

Champignon mushrooms help soothe the digestive tract and eliminate intestinal gas and bloating.

Cordyceps (caterpillar fungus) is actually a dried parasitic fungus that grows on living caterpillars. The mushrooms help increase endurance and promote recovery from serious illness. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antimicrobial. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Neuroprotective. Enhances learning and memory. Anti-aging. Treats arthritis. Fatigue fighter. Liver protector. Treats non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Helpful for the obese. Treats both lung and renal fibrosis. Improves exercise endurance. Stress reliever. Anti-allergy. Treats moderate to severe asthma. Helpful for diabetics. Lowers blood sugar levels and cholesterol, and raises beneficial HDL levels. Shown to improve sperm quality and production in men. May be helpful in stimulating testosterone production. Used in India as an aphrodisiac. Use with caution because Cordyceps mushrooms can decrease the bioavailability of some immunosuppressant drug therapies (e.g. cyclosporine).      

Maitake (grifola) mushrooms strengthen the immune system, lower blood pressure, and lower blood sugar levels. Shown to inhibit cancerous tumor growth in patients with liver, lung, prostate, and breast cancers. Greatly reduces the side effects of chemotherapy in cancer patients. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Helpful for the obese and those with liver ailments such as hepatitis B. They have also been used as an antiviral treatment for flu. Extracts have been shown to help induce ovulation in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome. Maitake mushrooms are generally higher in Vitamin D levels when compared to other mushroom varieties.

Mesimakobu (sang-hwang) mushrooms lower blood sugar levels in diabetics.

Oyster (pleurotus) mushroom extracts have shown an ability to inhibit the growth of various types of cancer cells, and to protect the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Antioxidant. Antiviral. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Treats autoimmune conditions like rheumatoid arthritis. Also treats skin lesions associated with atopic dermatitis. Lowers blood sugar levels, blood pressure, and cholesterol.  Extracts of some species (e.g. white ferula) have shown promise as skin whitening agents due to their ability to inhibit the production of melanin. Cancer cell inhibitor. Tumor inhibitor. Some compounds have shown promise in the treatment of trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). Pleurotus mushrooms have been used in bioremediation programs to help remove heavy metals from polluted soils. Oyster mushrooms are interesting because when they are attacked by a nematode, they respond by releasing a toxin that causes the head of the nematode to actually shrink in size.

Reishi (ling-zhi) (ganoderma) mushrooms fight aging and degenerative diseases, including arthritis. Tumor, cancer cell, and ulcer inhibitor. They improve liver, kidney, and heart functions, provide support for the adrenal glands, and have antioxidant, immune-stimulating, and anti-cancer properties. Extracts have shown the ability to inhibit sarcomas, leukemia, breast, lung, skin, colon, rectal, ovarian, and prostate cancers. Helpful for those with advanced cancers. Can also help reduce symptoms associated with chemotherapy treatments including nausea and vomiting. Shown to repair DNA damage caused by radiation exposure. They also help regulate and lower blood sugar levels, improve circulation, reduce cholesterol, lower blood pressure, ease asthma symptoms, protect against allergic reactions by inhibiting the release of histamine, help the body adapt to stress, provide pain relief, and help reduce anxiety. Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Anti-inflammatory. Neuroprotective. Improves recovery time in those suffering from herpes infections. Reishi has been used to provide relief from chronic viral infections, hepatitis, heart arrhythmias, insomnia, restlessness, paranoia, nervous exhaustion, chronic fatigue, shingles, and lupus. Protects the heart, kidneys, and liver against chemical poisonings. Reishi has shown anti-malarial activity, and may be able to reduce the Plasmodium-induced liver damage associated with infection. Reishi has also been used as an antidote for poisonous mushroom consumption. Extracts can be used topically to accelerate wound healing. Chronic consumption of powdered extracts may result in watery diarrhea.   

Shiitake (xiang-gu) (lentinula) (lentinus) mushrooms help boost the immune system. High in antioxidants. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Lowers blood pressure and cholesterol. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Helpful for the obese. Shiitake mushroom tea is used to dissolve fat congestion in the body, stimulate kidney function, reduce fevers, and relieve tension. High in the anti-cancer compound, benzaldehyde. Strong anti-tumor activity has been demonstrated. Used in the treatment of lymphoma, breast, colon, bladder, and gastric cancers. Neuroprotective. Shown to bolster the body's defenses against cancer, AIDS, candida infections, and possibly autoimmune conditions like rheumatoid arthritis. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Extracts have been used to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy treatments. Extracts may also be helpful in treating oral bacterial pathogens. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Some workers involved in the production of Shiitake may be susceptible to skin and respiratory allergies.

Suehirotake mushrooms are used to treat cervical cancer.

Trametes (coriolus) (kawaratake) (turkey tail fungus) (cloud mushroom) (yun-zhi) mushrooms were used in the first mushroom-based anti-cancer drugs.  One of the most popular anti-cancer drugs used in Japan. Tumor, cancer cell, and aflatoxin inhibitor. Extracts have been shown to significantly lower total serum cholesterol and triglycerides, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Treats gastric and other cancers. Extracts can inhibit DNA damage, and have been used to treat leukemia. Antiviral. HIV virus inhibitor. Immune system strengthener. Treatment for lupus. Pain killer. Liver protector.

 

 

MUSSEL

Mussels are a good source of protein. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Mussels are a rich source of Vitamin B12, which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Mussels are also rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. High in beneficial omega-3 fatty acids, which help support the brain, nervous system, and prostate. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, dementia, and Alzheimer’s disease. Extracts have been used in the treatment of rheumatoid and osteoarthritis. Zebra mussels have been used in bioremediation programs to help remove heavy metals from contaminated aquatic ecosystems. Mussels are high in fat and cholesterol. Mussels should only be eaten fully cooked. Consumption of partially cooked or raw mussels can result in gastroenteritis in individuals due to bacterial or viral infection. Some deaths have been reported due to neurotoxicity. Canned mussels are safe to eat because the canning process destroys any microorganisms that may be present. Mussels can contain high levels of mercury and should be consumed sparingly. Use caution when consuming blue mussels since some studies have revealed the presence of high levels of arsenic and cadmium which is carcinogenic to humans.

 

 

 

MUSTARD

Antioxidant. Antimicrobial. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Can protect against breast, colon, and stomach cancer. Mustard seed is high in magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Seeds also promote appetite, are a good digestive aid, provide a laxative effect, and have been used to relieve stubborn hiccups. Many mustards contain turmeric, a very beneficial herb. Mustard is a good source of beta-carotene. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Externally, mustard plaster has been used to treat asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, fever, chills, sciatica, neuralgia, gout, bumps, bruises, sprains, tendonitis, colds, flu, sores, and boils. Mustard paste may be high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Some people may also be allergically sensitive to mustard.

 



MUSTARD GREENS

Can protect against breast, colon, prostate, and stomach cancer. High in beta-carotene and Vitamin C. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. High in folic acid (Vitamin B9) which is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Mustard greens seed extracts are anticonvulsant. Used for angina pain relief. Good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. High in Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). High in magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Mustard greens are high in carotenoids that can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Lowers blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Increases elimination.   

SEE ALSO: CABBAGE and BITTERS


 

MYRRH

Powerful antibiotic and disinfectant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Excellent decongestant. Treats chronic sinus problems, allergies, and related infections. Used in mouthwashes or as a gargle for sore throats. Treats mouth canker sores, lip fever blisters, gingivitis, and other gum inflammations. Shown to be an effective treatment for schistosomiasis. Myrrh resin extracts have been used to treat memory impairment. Yeast killer. Colon cleaner. Breath freshener. Some people are allergically sensitive to preparations that contain myrrh.

 

MYRTLE

Antioxidant. Antifungal. Analgesic. Anti-inflammatory. Antiseptic. Used topically to treat oral canker sores. Fruit extracts help lower triglyceride levels. Leaf extracts treat diarrhea and can lower blood pressure. Lowers blood sugar levels. Extracts treat parasitic diseases such as malaria. Oil extracts may also be helpful in the treatment of leishmaniasis.





N

 

 

 

 
NASTURTIUM

Natural antibiotic. Leaves are rich in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Seeds are a potent laxative. Used for infections of the urinary tract. Expectorant. Treats respiratory problems such as cough and bronchitis. Breaks up mucous. Disinfectant. Used as a poultice for minor cuts and scratches. Not recommended for infants and small children, or for adults who have gastric ulcers or kidney disease.

 
 
NEEM

Indian herb. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antimicrobial. Antiviral. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Lowers cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels. Treatment for scabies. Mosquito and general insect repellent. Extracts have shown promise in treating many insect-transmitted diseases including cutaneous leishmaniasis, schistosomiasis, malaria, dengue, trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease), and filariasis. Cardioprotective. Neuroprotective. Protects the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Treats diabetic retinopathy, cholera, and diarrhea. Cancer cell inhibitor. Inhibits tumors and ulcers. Bark extracts have shown anti-fertility effects on sperm production. A spermicidal derivative of neem oil (i.e. NIM-76) has shown some promise as a vaginal contraceptive. Leaf extracts have shown some activity against the HIV virus. Used topically to heal wounds, and to treat palmar arsenical keratosis. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Dental gels and mouthwashes containing neem extracts can reduce gingivitis and buildups of bacteria and plaque in the mouth. Use with caution as some studies have shown neem oil can sometimes accelerate tumor growth rather than act as a tumor inhibitor.

 
 
NETTLES

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antimicrobial. Antibacterial. Antiviral. Analgesic. Natural antihistamine. Excellent nervous system and urinary tract tonic. Treatment for kidney and bladder stones. Used with seawrack in weight loss programs. Rich in calcium, magnesium, and zinc. Magnesium is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Zinc is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. One of the best sources of green vegetable protein. Rich in silicon. Silicon helps build the outer layers of skin, hair, and fingernails. In tea, treats fevers and colds, and helps stop profuse bleeding. Stimulant. Mild laxative. Treats bleeding ulcers, rheumatism, sciatica, tendonitis, painful joints, and osteoarthritis. Hemostatic. Can be used externally as a wash to stop major hemorrhaging. Lessens allergy symptoms and hay fever. Tonic for the blood. Diuretic. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Treats colitis. Lowers blood pressure, blood sugar levels, and cholesterol. Used in cleansing diets. Increases joint circulation. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. prostate). Skin cancer preventative. Promotes circulation to the scalp. Excellent for dandruff. Hair color enhancer. Protects the prostate gland. Relieves urinary problem symptoms associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia, but does not reduce an enlarged prostate. Shown to prevent the breakdown of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone, which is a condition that has been linked to hair loss and pattern baldness. Not recommended for pregnant women. Side effects include stomachaches, edemas, and allergic reactions in sensitive individuals.

 
 
NIGHTSHADE

SEE: BLACK NIGHTSHADE AND DEADLY NIGHTSHADE

 
 
NONI

Indian mulberry. Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Analgesic. Antibiotic. Antibacterial. Lowers blood sugar levels and treats diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease. Also lowers cholesterol. Tumor and cancer cell inhibitor. May be helpful in the treatment of breast cancer. Neuroprotective. Extracts can protect the liver and testes against chemical poisonings. Noni juice can also protect the liver against a high-fat diet and alcohol-induced injury. The juice may also be helpful in reducing DNA damage in heavy smokers. Helpful for athletes as the fruit juice fights fatigue and improves endurance and performance. Improves memory and cognitive function, and may be helpful in the treatment of psychiatric disorders. May also provide relief from symptoms of osteoarthritis. Also helpful for the obese. Liver protector. Fruit pulp can be used topically to control head lice and fleas. Leaves can also be used topically to treat cuts, bruises, and wounds.

 
 
NOODLES

SEE: WHEAT

 

 
 
NORI

SEE: SEAWEED



NUT GRASS

Oil may be helpful in the treatment of women with mild hirsutism. Extracts may be protective against hypoxia-induced memory deficits.

 

 
NUTMEG

Strong antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antidiarrheal. Analgesic. Lowers blood sugar levels and triglycerides. Extracts have been used to enhance memory and learning. Neuroprotective. Oil may be helpful as an anticonvulsive and in the treatment of seizures. Used to treat gas, indigestion, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, gastritis, and other stomach and kidney problems. Cancer cell and tumor inhibitor. Extracts may be helpful in the treatment of atopic dermatitis. Also helpful in alleviating chronic inflammatory pain. Nutmeg contains the essential oil, myristicin, a potent liver protector. Protects the liver and kidneys against chemical attack. Aphrodisiac. Contains the compound, macelignan, an oral bacteria and cavity reducer. Marijuana substitute.

 
 
NUTS

Good source of protein and antioxidants. Cardioprotective. Nuts contain sterols that help reduce plaque deposits in blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and have anti-cancer properties. Nuts can also lower triglycerides, and total and LDL cholesterol levels. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, prostate, colon). Nuts are one of the best natural sources of Vitamin E which helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. Nuts contain potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Nuts also contain magnesium, which is a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Nuts are rich in iron, which vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. They are also rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. Nuts have been shown to reduce gallstones and protect against gallbladder disease. Nuts, in general, are high in fat, but most of it is unsaturated and has not been shown to be a major contributor to obesity if eaten in moderation. Nuts can, however, provoke severe and even life-threatening reactions in allergically sensitive individuals.


SEE ALSO: SPECIFIC NUTS

 
 
NUX VOMICA

Effective treatment for indigestion due to overeating or due to the consumption of rich or spicy foods. Seeds boiled in milk have been used to treat opium and heroin addiction. Used as an antidote for alcoholic hangovers, coffee addictions, and drug overdoses. Treats surgical shock and cardiac arrests. Extreme care should be taken when using this poisonous herb.




 

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OAK

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Anti-inflammatory. Bark is a great hemostat. Tea helps nosebleeds, excess menstruation, bleeding hemorrhoids, bloody urine, and bloody stools. Very powerful astringent. Used in baths to heal poison ivy rashes. Inhibits diarrhea and dysentery. Mild antiseptic. Leaf extracts contain ellagic acid, which has shown anti-cancer effects. Ellagic acid, a neuroprotective and gastroprotective compound, has also shown some anti-malarial and anti-epileptic properties. Some oak compounds have shown potential as cancer cell inhibitors. Leaf extracts may also be protective against UV-induced sunlight damage. Tea helps neutralize the effects of medication poisoning. One of the best herbs for piles and hemorrhoids. Helps remove kidney and gallstones. Extracts treat gastric ulcers. Increases urine flow. Reduces fevers. Treats bleeding and infected mouth sores. Excellent for varicose veins. Used in a douche for vaginal yeast infections. Tea used for treating liver injury and hardening of the arteries. Acorn extracts may be helpful in treating asthma and diabetes. Crushed acorn water is used as a deodorant. Acorn powder may be helpful in slowing age-related cognitive decline and in the treatment of dementia. The tannic acid in acorns has been used to treat severe burns and skin rashes.

 

 
 
OAT STRAW

SEE: OATS

 

OATS

Good source of antioxidants. Anti-inflammatory. Rich in protein, calcium, and silicon. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Silicon helps build the outer layers of skin, hair, and fingernails. Tea helps ease anxiety, depression, stress, and insomnia. Oatmeal and especially oat bran is rich in magnesium, a natural tranquilizer and helps the body to regulate cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Magnesium is also good for relief of migraines and helps slow bone loss. Oatmeal is also rich in iron, which vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Helpful for the obese. Helps remove fat from arteries and heart valves. Oats may be helpful in treating diabetic nephropathy. Oat bran is high in fiber, and has been shown to reduce total cholesterol and increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Fiber also helps increase elimination. Oat bran extracts have been shown to reduce mercury absorption from contaminated fish. Oat bran is helpful in the treatment of celiac disease. Oat bran may also be protective against colon cancer. Reduces insulin dependency. Lowers blood pressure. Oat extracts can be used as a nervous system tonic, can help curb nicotine cravings, and, in men, may increase the amount of testosterone used by the body. Aids in ovarian and uterine disorders. Increases bowels. Oatmeal baths treat poison plant rashes, psoriasis, dermatitis, rheumatism, kidney ailments, and bladder problems. Rolled oats can be used as a long-term food storage item due to their nutritional stability. Facials are used to cleanse skin of cysts, blackheads, blemishes, and excess oil. Treatment for foot corns and calluses.



 

 OCTOPUS

Octopus is a good source of protein and is low in fat. High in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Octopus is very rich in Vitamin B12, which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Octopus is also rich in arginine, an amino acid which has been shown to increase the body’s production of nitric oxide. Nitric oxide helps dilate blood vessels, lower blood pressure, and improve blood circulation to the heart, brain, and bladder. Arginine therapy has also been used to treat lead intoxication and reduce the parasite burden in the treatment of severe malaria and leishmaniasis. High in iron, which vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Compounds in octopus have shown an ability to inhibit the development of cancer cells. Octopus is high in cholesterol. Octopus is also high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Octopus should only be eaten fully cooked. Consumption of partially cooked or raw octopus can result in gastroenteritis and diarrhea in individuals due to bacterial infection.

 

 

 

OKRA

Rich in Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). High in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. High in folic acid which is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Lowers blood sugar levels and cholesterol. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Used with slippery elm and white oak barks as an effective poultice for major burns. Treatment for poison ivy rash and psoriasis.

 

 

OLIVE

Antioxidant. Potent antiviral. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Diuretic. Aflatoxin inhibitor. Oil protects the digestive tract, arteries and lungs. Contains natural painkillers. Preventative for colds and flu. Rich in Vitamin E and natural antioxidants (especially extra virgin olive oil). Vitamin E helps the body synthesize red blood cells, inhibits free radicals that can harm cells, helps the body to use Vitamin K, and protects the heart. High in Vitamin K which is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). May reduce risk of breast, prostate, ovarian, and other cancers. Virgin olive oil contains hydroxytyrosol, an antioxidant compound that has been shown to inhibit the growth of leukemia, lung, and colon cancer cells. Hydroxytyrosol has also shown an ability to improve cognitive function, inhibit the progression of peripheral diabetic neuropathy, and may be helpful in the treatment of mercury toxicity. Tyrosol compounds are neuroprotective. Both oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol, compounds found in the leaves and fruit, have exhibited an ability to inhibit the growth of parasites in insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis. Oleuropein can also protect the liver against chemical assault. Virgin oil also protects cells against DNA damage. Olive leaf extracts are gastroprotective, and can protect against alcohol-induced gastric lesions. Leaf extracts are also neuroprotective and can be helpful in the treatment of diabetic neuropathy. Leaf extracts may also be protective against UV-induced sunlight damage. Olive and extra virgin oil extracts have also inhibited gastric and colon cancer cell growth, respectively. Tumor inhibitor. Shown to reduce incidence of stroke and heart disease. Stimulates metabolism. Helpful for diabetics and the obese. Lowers blood pressure, blood sugar, and total cholesterol. Shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Treats heartburn, indigestion, constipation, diarrhea, flatulence, and ulcers. Mixed with egg whites to treat burns. Helps in the natural removal of gallstones from the body. Frying meats in extra virgin olive oil has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Treatment for earache and fungal skin infections. Virgin olive oil has been shown to protect the liver against alcohol damage. Extra virgin olive oil is rich in melatonin, which is an excellent treatment for insomnia. Oil is also used for teething (gum) relief in infants. Memory enhancer. May be helpful in slowing age-related cognitive decline. Shown to be protective against osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, and rheumatoid arthritis. Extra virgin olive oil can protect the liver against fibrosis, and may also be helpful in the treatment of dysmenorrhea and ulcerative colitis. Olive extracts may be helpful in the treatment of dental caries. Used externally as an emollient for skin ulcers and for the healing of wounds. Helps tighten loose skin and acts as a degreaser. Olive plants have been used to monitor environmental pollutants. Ripe olives are high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis.



 

ONION

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antiviral. Antifungal. Antibacterial. Anticoagulant. Analgesic. Good source of Vitamins A, B6, C, and D. Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Dried onions are high in Vitamin B6 which is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Vitamin D is essential for cell replication, calcium absorption and metabolism, normal insulin secretion, and bone health. Vitamin D also provides protection against bone diseases, many cancers, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, gum disease, and muscle problems. Lowers blood pressure, cholesterol, and blood sugar levels. Shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. The addition of onions to pan-fried meats has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Onions have neuroprotective properties. Rich in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Rich source of iodine, which is necessary to produce thyroid hormone, which regulates the body's energy level, and is essential for fetal and childhood brain development. Shown to be protective against leukemia, prostate, colon, stomach, breast, and liver cancers. Natural blood thinner. Reduces risk of heart attack or stroke. Inhibits brain edema. Prevents blood clots. Protects the liver against chemical attack. Protective against radiation damage. Extracts have been used in the treatment of convulsions. Helps reduce the appearance of varicose veins. Extracts have shown promise in the treatment of multi-drug resistant tuberculosis, and in insect-vectored diseases such as leishmaniasis. High in quercetin, a natural antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antihistamine, which is helpful for those with allergies and respiratory problems. Quercetin also protects cells against DNA and UV-induced sunlight damage, helps prevent alcohol-induced liver disease, lowers your blood pressure and risk of heart disease and stroke, lowers blood sugar and cholesterol, protects against tumors and ulcers, is neuroprotective, and inhibits cancer. Red onions contain anthocyanins which may lower one’s risk for colon cancer. Anthocyanins may also offer protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Redder onions typically are higher in antioxidants than white onions. Onion extracts can protect the sexual organs from exposure to the heavy metal cadmium. Onion juice contains sulfur compounds that relax bronchial muscles and prevent spasms due to asthma. Stops hacking coughs. Infection fighter. Helpful for the obese. Treats gout. Anti-aging. Helps expel intestinal parasites. Eating cooked onions can relax you. Onion powder is a good salt substitute. Oil used for treating ear and toothaches. Hair conditioner. Leeks may be protective against osteoporosis. Chinese leeks have been shown to inhibit lung cancer growth. Mashed leeks, a natural antiseptic, can be used to treat burns, insect bites, and stings. Leek creams have been used to treat hemorrhoids. Shallots are antifungal and may be helpful in treating candida infections. Shallot extracts may also be helpful as a mouthwash against oral pathogens. Scallions can help reduces symptoms of PMS, treat headaches, skin rashes, and infections, and provide some support to the liver and stomach. Onion plants have been used in bioremediation programs to help remove heavy metals from polluted soils and sludges.
         



 

OPIUM

Opium is one of the most important and valuable medicinal herbs known to man. The gummy latex is the source for many of the most powerful painkillers including codeine and morphine. Many medicines made from opium alkaloids are used as sedatives, hypnotics, narcotics, antispasmodics, and analgesics. Synthetic heroin, which is made from morphine, is highly addictive.

 

 

ORANGE

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Frozen concentrated (undiluted) orange juice is one of the richest known sources of Vitamin C, which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. High in folic acid (Vitamin B9). Folic acid is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). High in potassium, which helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Good calcium source. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Consumption of at least 3 cups of orange juice per day has been shown to increase beneficial HDL cholesterol levels. Contains natural salicylates (aspirin). Orange oils are antibacterial. Good for aches and pain relief. Helps body absorb calcium. Treats diverticulitis, spastic colon, and constipation. High in carotenoids which can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Juice extracts treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. Peel extracts lower blood sugar. Extracts of mandarin orange have been shown in studies to reduce parasite load in those who have schistosomiasis. Mandarin orange extracts also treat lung inflammations and fibrosis. Orange oil is antifungal and is also an aflatoxin inhibitor. Orange juice has been shown to be a colon cancer inhibitor. The essential oil, limonene, which is present in oranges and other citrus fruit, has been shown in studies to inhibit the growth of cancerous tumors. Limonene will also lower cholesterol and help dissolve gallstones. Red orange extracts help treat gastric lesions and ulcers. Oranges are a good source of fiber which helps increase elimination. Orange peel is high in hesperetin, a naturally occurring antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antihistamine that helps reduce hay fever and other allergic disorders. Hesperetin is radioprotective, can protect the liver against chemical attack, and is also protective against nicotine-induced lung damage. Peels contain pectin that encourages the growth of beneficial bacteria in the large intestine, and also helps lower cholesterol and bind up toxins (e.g. lead) in the body for removal. Peels can be used to relieve abdominal pain, indigestion, and acidity in the stomach. Peel extracts have been used to treat diarrhea and hyperthyroidism. Peel extracts may also be helpful in treating wrinkles, the healing of wounds, and in the treatment of diabetic nephropathy, liver fibrosis, and cirrhosis. One of the best skin softeners for normal to oily skin. The inhalation of bitter orange essential oil (neroli oil) may help relieve menopausal symptoms in postmenopausal women. The aroma of sweet orange may be helpful in the treatment of anxiety. Orange extract aromatherapy has also been used to reduce fatigue in hemodialysis patients.

 

 

OREGANO

Potent antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Antispasmodic. Antibiotic. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Antiviral. Anti-yeast. High in Vitamin B6 which is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Lowers blood sugar levels in diabetics. Contains natural salicylates (aspirin). Good for aches and pain relief. Helps clear congestion. Digestive aid. Cancer cell inhibitor (e.g. colon). Origanum oil is used as a topical to help seizure sufferers to a less traumatic recovery. Extracts can protect lung tissues against chemical and oxidative stress. Extracts can also offer protection against chemotherapy-induced liver and bone marrow damage. Oregano oil also contains carvacrol, a cardioprotective, anti-tumor, and anti-ulcer compound that has been shown to reduce the formation of heterocyclic amines which are considered to be carcinogenic substances produced by the cooking process. Carvacrol can also protect the liver against chemical stress. The oil can also be used as a treatment for intestinal parasites. Some studies suggest that the oil has also shown anti-malarial activity. Promotes menstruation. Not recommended for pregnant women. Some people may also be allergically sensitive to oregano.

SEE ALSO: MARJORAM

 

 

OREGON GRAPEROOT

SEE: WILD OREGON GRAPE

 

 

OSHA

Treats allergies, bronchitis, indigestion, coughs, and sore throats. Antiviral. Helps loosen respiratory secretions. Chewing osha root can help lower nicotine cravings.

 

 

OSWEGO TEA

SEE: BEE BALM

 

 

OYSTER

One of the richest food sources of zinc, which is vital for a healthy immune system, skin repair injuries, the digestion of starchy food, thyroid hormone metabolism, and regulation of the prostate gland. Oysters are high in selenium, which is vital for a normal functioning immune system and thyroid, helps prevent atherosclerosis, arthritis, and cognitive decline, alleviates menopausal symptoms, promotes a healthy central nervous system and prostate, and may offer some cancer protection (e.g. breast, bladder, colon). Oysters are also a rich source of Vitamin B12 which is essential in the production of red and white blood cells, maintenance of a healthy nervous system, and may be helpful in the prevention of dementia. Rich in iron, which vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Oyster extracts can protect the liver against chemical attack. Shell extracts have been used to treat osteoarthritis. Oysters are also used as bioindicators of environmental pollution. Oysters are high in cholesterol. They are also high in sodium which can be a major contributor to hypertension in salt-sensitive individuals. High salt diets can also deplete the body’s calcium levels, which can increase the risk of developing osteoporosis. Oysters should only be eaten fully cooked. Consumption of partially cooked or raw oysters can result in gastroenteritis due to the presence of viruses or Cryptosporidium infection, or blood poisoning and death in sensitive individuals due to bacterial infection. Canned oysters are safe to eat because the canning process destroys any microorganisms that may be present.




 

 

P

 

 

 

 

 

PANSY

Excellent tonic for weak hearts. Gentle laxative. Treatment for rheumatism, as well as contagious diseases such as measles, mumps, and chicken pox. Used as a soothing lotion to treat skin disorders such as acne, boils, swellings, and eczema.

 

 

PAPAYA

Antioxidant. Anti-inflammatory. Seed extracts are antifungal. High in Vitamin C which boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Rich in beta-carotene. Beta-carotene can help prevent the development of eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Beta-carotene also offers protection against UV-induced sunlight damage. Rich in enzymes that help metabolize foods and fend off allergies and autoimmune disorders. Good source of Vitamin A which helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. High in fiber which helps increase elimination. Papaya is also a good source of folic acid which is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Dried fruit treats heartburn and stomachache. Digestive aid. Reduces stress and anxiety. The fresh pulp has been used to treat depression. Juice can lower blood pressure. Leaf extracts can lower blood sugar levels. Leaf extracts can also significantly lower total serum cholesterol, lower harmful LDL, and raise beneficial HDL levels. Fruit and seed extracts protect the liver against chemical attack. Contains lycopene, a potent antioxidant, which has been found to be protective against heart disease, cataracts, diabetes, and numerous cancers including skin, colorectal, gastric, lung, breast, pancreatic, ovarian, cervical, prostate, liver, and bladder. Lycopene can also protect the liver and kidneys against radiation damage and chemical attack. Lycopene is also an ulcer and tumor inhibitor, and is protective against gastroesophageal reflex disease. Higher serum lycopene levels can also reduce the risk of mortality from metabolic syndrome. Unripe papaya contains papain, a protein extracted from the latex, that inhibits bleeding and speeds healing of stomach ulcers and bruises. Papain treats eschars, and can help remove damaged or necrotic tissue of pressure ulcers and gangrene. Papain has also been used topically and internally to neutralize venoms of insect bites and stings, jellyfish and man-o-war stings, and poisonous snake bites. Injected papain has been used to treat sufferers of herniated or ruptured spinal discs. Juice and seeds can help remove intestinal parasites such as roundworms, tapeworms, and hookworms. Seed extracts have shown promise in the treatment of insect-vectored diseases such as trypanosomiasis (Chagas’ disease). Seed extracts also treat amoebic dysentery. Unripe papaya and leaf extracts have been used in the treatment of sickle-cell anemia. Papaya extracts and leaf juice have been used to treat dengue infections. Leaf extracts have also been shown to reduce parasite load in those infected with malaria. Papaya is used in facial masks to improve complexion. Fruit latex is used externally to treat warts and boils. Papaya skin extracts have been used to treat burns and wounds and promote faster healing. In powdered form, treats inner ear infections. Papaya is also used in chewing gums, as a meat tenderizer, and as an additive in beers to improve clarity. Side effects from injected papain include inflammation of the spinal cord.

 

 

PAPRIKA

Antioxidant. Made from chili peppers. High in natural salicylates (aspirin). Paprika is high in Vitamin B6 which is critical for protein and red blood cell metabolism, for the proper functioning of the nervous and immune systems, for the maintenance of blood sugar levels, and may be protective against some cancers (e.g. colorectal and lung). Paprika is also rich in carotenoids such as lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Paprika also contains cryptoxanthin, a carotenoid that may help improve bone health in post-menopausal women.

SEE ALSO: CAYENNE

 

 

PARSINIUM

Herb has aspirin-like qualities. Good for headaches and migraine relief.

 

 

PARSLEY

Antioxidant. Antibacterial. Antifungal. Anti-inflammatory. High in calcium, iron, potassium, folic acid (Vitamin B9), and Vitamins A, B, C, and K. Calcium helps form and preserve teeth and bones and prevent osteoporosis. Iron vitalizes blood cells and keeps your immune system healthy. Potassium helps regulate blood pressure, promote a steady heartbeat, and lower your risk of stroke. Folic acid is essential for DNA synthesis and repair, and has been shown to be protective against cognitive decline, fetal neural tube defects, cervical dysplasia, heart disease, bowel problems, and certain cancers (e.g. oral, pharyngeal, bladder, colorectal, and pancreas). Vitamin A helps form and maintain teeth, tissues, and skin. Vitamin A also produces pigments that are essential for good vision. Vitamin C boosts the immune system, helps lower blood pressure, and has been used in the prevention and treatment of many cancers. Vitamin K is essential in the production of blood clotting proteins, improves bone metabolism, and has been shown to have anti-cancer effects (e.g. Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma). Parsley is also high in lutein, a carotenoid which accumulates in the retina. Luteins improve visual function and can help prevent eye diseases such as age-related cataracts and macular degeneration. Lowers blood sugar in diabetics. Ulcer and tumor inhibitor. Diuretic. Blood purifier. Protects the liver against chemical poisonings. Also protects the lungs. Cancer preventative. Treats bad breath in dogs and humans. Appetite stimulant. Strengthens the digestive system. Helps clear toxins from the kidneys, bladder, and urinary tract. Eases bloating, stomach cramps, and nausea. May be helpful in treating inflammatory bowel disease. Relieves arthritis symptoms. Stimulates menstruation. Helps inhibit breast milk flow in nursing mothers. Aphrodisiac. Treats sexual frigidity. Tea treats high blood pressure, bladder infections, kidney inflammation, painful urination, kidney stones, and edemas. Raw parsley is high in glutathione, a highly potent antioxidant, which is essential to the function and integrity of the cells, tissues, and organs. Leaves have been used to treat black-and-blue marks. Breath freshener. Parsley contains the compound apiole, a kidney stimulant, that has the ability to stimulate uterine contractions in pregnant women, and should be avoided during pregnancy.

 

 

PARSNIP

Parsnips are a good sou